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No. 2. NANYAURÁ COPPER-PLATE.
स्रो खस्ति । आसीत्कल्पतरुः [कलो ] प्रणयिनामानन्दकन्दः सतां मित्राणां नयनास्मृतम्परवलस्यात्यन्तकेतुःपरः । सेतुः समरवारिधेर्भ्रमयतस्त्रैलोक्य चूडामणिः श्रीब्रह्मेद्रमुने
यस कुले श्रीहर्ष देबान्टपः ॥ प्रचण्डमण्डलाग्रस्य करकान्तमहीम्टतः । निदाघभास्करस्येव प्रतापो यस्य दुस्मदः ॥ अरितिमिरनिकर बलभिदरिकरिकर यन्त्रभेदनकुठारः तच्छीलनालयातस्तस्माज्जातोयशोवर्म्मा ॥ यस्येन्दुकुन्दशुभ्रेण यशसा धवलीकृताः । कुलाचलगुहाः सेव्या जाताः किन्नरयोषिताम् ॥ तस्य श्रीधङ्गदेवोभूत्पुत्रः पात्रं जयश्रियः । संख्यसंख्यविख्यातः खड्गधारापराक्रमः ॥ चित्रं यदरिनारीणां हृदये विरहानलः । अजसम पानीयसिच्यमानेोपि वर्द्धते ॥ भङ्गान्तःपुरिकालकेषु सुरतक्रीडासु कण्ठग्रहः काठिन्यं कुचयो र्भुवेाः कुटिलता चन्द्रे कलङ्कस्थितिः । सूत्रित्वं कविवाचि कैरववने मित्रोदय द्वेषिता यस्मिन्नेकमहीपतैा कदलिकाका ण्डेषु निस्सारता ॥ परमभट्टारकमहाराजाधिराजपरमेश्वरश्रीश्रीहर्षदेवपादानुध्यात परमभट्टारक महाराजाधिराजपरमेश्वर श्री यशोवदेवपादानुध्यातपरमभट्टारक महाराजाधिराजपरमेश्वर श्रीकालंजराधिपतिश्रीधंगदेवः । सम्बत्सरसहस्रे पञ्चपञ्चाशदधिके कार्त्तिकपौर्णिमास्यां रविदिने एवं सम्बत् १०५५ कार्त्तिकसुदि १५ रवौ यद्येहा ( ? ) काशिकायां सैंहिकेय ग्रहग्रामप्रवेशीकृतमण्डले । रोहिणीहृद यानन्दकन्दे हरिणलाञ्छने । भारद्वाजसगोत्राय त्रिप्रवराय भारद्वाज यांगिरस वार्हस्पत्य वाजसनेयशाखिने तक्कीयिका विनिर्गतदुर्व्वीच राग्रामाभिजनाय रुद्रश्रीयशोधराय रुद्रजयकुमारसुताय ऊषरवाह प्रतिवद्धं सजलस्थलं सनिम्नोन्नत साम्रमधूकं ससारोषरप्रख्यात चतुःसीमापर्य्यन्तं । चह्नीनामधेयग्रामम् । दृद्धये पुण्ययशसोमीतापिचेोरथात्मनः । यामपग्रास्य चरितः स ददौ धर्म्मवत्सलः । दत्वादिदेश तत्रत्यान् जनाञ्जनपदप्रियः । भागभोगहिरख्यादिप्रदानैः सुखमास्यताम् । श्र तथा स्मृतिकारैः | बहुभिर्वसुधा भुक्ता राजभिः सगरादिभिः । यस्य यस्य यदा भूमिस्तस्य तस्य तदा फलम् । भूमिं यः प्रतिगृह्णाति यख भूमिं प्रयच्छति । उभौ तौ पुण्यकर्माणि नियतौ स्वर्गगामिनी ॥ गामेकां सुवर्णमेकं भूमेरप्येकमङ्गुलम् 1 हरन्नरकमायाति यावदाभूतमंत्रम् ॥ इदं श्रीधङ्गदेवस्य शासनं शासनार्च्छित । प्रतापतापिता रातिचक्रस्य क्रमवर्त्तिनः ॥ श्रीषंग |
Translation of the Inscription of the Nanyaurá Copper-plate, No. 2.
Om. It is well. Sri Harsha Deva, the king, of the great family of Srí Brahmendra Muni, was [as] the kalpa vriksha the root of joy to wellwishers, the water of immortality for the eyes of good friends, a very ketu in the destruction of hostile armies, a bridge in the surging sea of good men's burdens, the Jewel on the diadem of the three worlds, the sovereign whose hand dearly loved the sword, whose glory like that of the summer sun was insupportable. From that abode of generosity sprang Yaso Varmma, a very Indra in the destruction of the dark hosts of (his)
enemies, an axe in cleaving the trunks of the elephants of (his) enemies, by whose radiance like the whiteness of the moon and jasmine were illuminated, the caves of Kuláchala frequented by the consorts of the kinnaras; his son was Srí Dhanga Deva, the favourite of the Goddess of Victory the prowess of whose blade's edge was famous in numberless battles. Wonderfully did he kindle in the hearts of the enemy's wives the flame of separation, which unceasingly spread, though besprinkled with the water of tears. [In his undivided reign] there was flight in the wavy curls [alone] of the denizens of the antahpura, in amorous dalliance [alone] there was seizure by the neck, in female breasts alone was hardness and brows [alone] were crooked, on the moon [only] were spots, and in the plantain tree [only] was saplessness: the poets spake well, and amidst clusters of the Kairava [Nymphaea esculenta] alone there was enmity at the rise of Mitra (meaning both Sun and friend). The king and sovereign lord Harsha Deva, the destroyer of the exultation of enemies, succeeded by the king and sovereign lord Yaso Varmma, destroyer of the exultation of enemies, succeeded by the king and sovereign lord Dhanga Deva, destroyer of the exultation of enemies, ruler of Kálinjar, in the Samvat year 1055 at the full moon of Kártik, on Sunday the 15th day of the bright half of the month, to-day here in Káśí, when the orb [of the moon] which is a joy to the heart of Rohiní, and is marked with the form of a deer, was seized as a mouthful by the son of Sinhiká [i. e., Rahu]— to the member of the Bharadwaja gotra, and the threefold pravara of Bharadwaja, Angirasa and Várhaspatya, belonging to the Vajasaneya sákhá, to him originally an inhabitant of Tarkáyiká residing in the village of Durbáhara, named Rudra Srí Yasodhara, the son of Rudra Jaya Kumára -to him with its waste, streams and tanks, land and water, upland and lowland, and mango and mahúá trees, the village of Chullí bounded on the four sides by Saśaroshara-for the sake of increasing his own and his parent's merit, he the lover of religion gave
and having given the beloved of the people addressed those present saying-Remain happy by continuing to pay (the donee) rents in kind and in money and the rest. Om. So the writers of Smritis (have said): Many kings, Ságar and others, have enjoyed territory, so long as any retained his lands, so long has his been the fruit. He who receives land in gift, and he who bestows it, both these are meritorious and assuredly go to heaven. He who filches a single cow, a single gold-piece, or one finger's breadth of land, goes to hell till the end of all things. This is the decree of Srí Dhanga who is steadfast in the practice prescribed by the Vedas and whose ruling prowess pains the circle of his enemies. Sri Dhanga.
Note by Bábu Prannáth Pandit.
The Society is indebted to Mr. V. A. Smith, B. A., B. C. S., for these two copper-plates recording the grant of two villages by two kings of the Chandel Dynasty, Dhanga Deva and Deva Varmma Deva in Samvat 1055 and 1107 respectively. Mr. Smith has sent transcript and translation of both the plates, which I have revised for publication in the Society's Journal. Some parts of the translation however, specially of plate No. 2, remain tentative and far from literal. The Note appended by Mr. Smith gives the most salient points in the grants, and after the exhaustive notice in General Cunningham's Archæological Survey of India, Vol. II, there is nothing to be added to the ample materials which exist concerning the chronology of the Chandel Dynasty. I have added some philological parallels gathered from several grants, and those who care to pursue the matter further may consult the Khajuraho inscription in the Asiatic Researches, Vol. XII, and the Ujjayini grants in the Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society. Vol. I, reprinted in Colebrooke's Works, Vol. II, and the Banda copper-plate, ante p. 73. The village Tarkayiká, of No. 2, is the same as the Takárí of No. 1, and the Dhakári of the Banda copperplate, ante p. 76. All three may be safely identified with the Tikri of modern maps.
(1.) Compare स च परमभट्टारकमही शक्राधिराजपरमेश्वर श्रीवामदेवपादानु7, &c. in J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, pp. 491, 492. Also HEICHHEI (राजा)? धिराजपरम माहेश्वरनिजभुजोपार्जित श्रीकाष्यकुब्जाधिपत्य श्रोचन्द्रदेवपादानुध्यात &c. in J. A. S. B., Vol. X, pp. 99, 100.
(2.) Compare the partly decyphered sloka तेजोभिरहस्करः करुण्या f: in the 9th line of the Dhavala Inscription, J. A. S. B., Vol. X,
(3.) Compare ¿ fayazgıııq | J. A. S. B., Vol. VIII, p. 297. The sloka daicæteraj zgı aur fe | araıufaxafa¿, &c. in J A. S. B., Vol. V, p. 379.
( 4 ) Compare समस्तराजपुरुषान् ब्राह्मणोत्तरान् प्रतिनिवासिपट्टकिलजनपदादीं बोधयति । J. A. S. B., Vol. V, p. 379. राष्ट्रपति विषयपति ग्रामकुलाधिकाfcauzaciętą bag | J. A. S. B., Vol. VIII, p. 297. The royal officers are set out in great detail in the Kumbhi grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492, and in the Fyzabad grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100.
(5.) Compare car na wanatafa J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379. नर्मदायां विधिवत् स्नात्वा श्रीमन्महादेवं समभ्यर्च । J A S B. Vol. VIII, p. 492. Nazruvaj asaj arar fafaaaażagfangayafıznuizifamı fafacqzलपाटलपटुमहसमुध्मरोचिषमुपस्थाय। षधिपतिसकलशेखरं समभ्यर्च त्रिभुवनत्रातुर्भगवतो arg(2)aw yai faura agcqraèa afar afatici sar | J. A. S. B. Vol. X,
(6.) Compare afqârıdaa qqqùfregà | J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379 आत्मनो धमीयुर्बल विजयैश्वय्यं विद्यद्धये इहामुत्र हितार्थमात्मानुग्रहाय । J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 729. Araifqàıcıwaz gwaùfazzà | J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492. #aifqàitaqa q@qîrfaze J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100.
(7.) The phrase Jaraguafafada occurs in the Copper-plate grant of Arjuna (Samvat 1267) in J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379 but has not been translated. A similar omission is noticeable concerning the adjective prefix #tagfafa to the donee's name in the copper-plate grant of Karka II (Şaka 734) J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 297. The etymological signification of the word fafa is "gone out or from," but I suppose that in passages like the above, it is used to denote the original residence of the donee.
(8.) J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492, Vol. X, p. 100.
(9.) These words occur in the copper-plate grant of Ajaya Sinha Deva (Samyat 932) J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492, and have been translated into "mango trees and honey" (p. 486). Compare qızıfzıfazy- of the copper-plate grant of Jayachandra (Samvat 1243) J.`A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100, which has been correctly translated into "with gardens of modhu and mango trees” (p. 103). signifies the tree Bassia latifolia, and is never so
far as I am aware used as a synonym for ч, honey.
according to Wilson
(10.) Compare सगतेषिर seemingly a mistake for सगतीषर in Jayachandra's copper-plate grant. J. A. S. B. p. 100, which has been translated at p. 103 into "with caves and fertile farms." signifies saline soil. The phrase in Ajaya Siñha's copper-plate grant J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492, where it is translated into “together with salt-pits."
(12.) Compare gawat: in J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492. FEauat: in J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100.
(13) Compare afafy: rafafy: in Pravara Sena's copper-plate grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p 729. aa: in Ajaya Sinha's copper-plate grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492; and #fff: in Jayachandra's copper-plate grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100.
(14.) Compare aguaizàïqafaa: in the copper-plate grant of Karka II. J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 298.: in Ajaya Sinha's copperplate grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492 and reguarzfage: in Jayachandra's copper-plate grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100, the first half of which compound seems to have been omitted from the translation at p. 103. The words in the present plate may also be read as Fzfawe. which synonymous expression also occurs in Arjuna's copper-plate grant, J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379.
S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 492.
: in Ajaya Sinha's copper-plate grant. J. A.
f in Jayachandra's copper-plate
grant. J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100, where it has been translated into "which extends as far as Trinayuthi." (p. 103).
(16.) This is the usual reservation about previous endowments. Compare पूर्वप्रदत्तदेवदायब्रह्मदायरहितो in J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 298. देवब्राह्मणभुक्तिवर्जम् Vol. V, p. 379.
(17.) Compare far in J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379. faat in J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100.
(18.) Compare èacfecwife. J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379, which is translated into "the full usufruct of all the rights and dues heretofore paid to Government," (p. 382). Also यथादीयमानकरकरyefaqızfafayaıfaqaqua in J. A. S. B. Vol. X, p. 100 which is generally translated at p. 103 into "its revenues, as settled, or are to be settled.” (19.) Compare : &c. in J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 729. fæ: &c. in J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 298.
(20.) This sloka occurs amongst others in J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379. Vol. VIII, pp. 298, 493. Vol. X, p. 100.
(21.) J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 494. Vol. X, p. 100.
(22.) Compare J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 494 where is a mistake for :, and Vol. X, p. 100.
(23.) J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 379. Vol. VIII, p. 493. Vol. X, p. 100. In Pravara Sena's copper-plate grant the latter half of the slok is different : स्वदत्ताम्परदत्तां वा यो हरेत वसुन्धराम् ।
गवां शतसहस्रस्य हन्तुर्हरति दुष्कृतमिति ॥ J. A. S. B. Vol. V, p. 729. (24.) In this sloka ga should be substituted for the sake of the metre for. Compare J. A. S. B. Vol. VIII, p. 493.
(25.) The words in the original ge910 191à seem distinct enough, but I am unable to attach any meaning to the compound.
The Antiquities of Bagurá (Bogra).—By H. BEVERIDGE, C. S.
Though Bagurá is almost a by-word among the Officers of Government for seclusion and dulness, yet like most places in this world it has attractions which only require unveiling. Perhaps to most Anglo-Indians, Bagurá is chiefly interesting, because it was the residence of Sir George Yule and the scene of many of his tiger-slaying exploits, but in reality the district has claims to attention of another and more enduring order. Foremost among these is the circumstance that it occupies an important place in the legendary and historical annals of Bengal. It is traversed from north to south by the sacred Karatoyá, which divides it into two nearly equal portions. This river has now dwindled into an insignificant stream, casily fordable in the cold weather and scarcely navigable except