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from P. Mandellii described by W. Blanford from Darjiling, and is the form which extends to the Gáro, Khási and North Cachár Hills, P. ruficeps of my l'irst List, [J. A. S. B., Vol. XXXIX, p. 103, (1870).]
Jerdon, when noticing a new species from the Khási Hills, in Vol. II., Birds of India, had Pel. palustre in mind.
4050. POMATORHINUS STENORHYNCHUS, G.-A.. The original description appeared in this Journal, Pt. II., Vol. XLVI. p. 43, (1877), and I have only to add that its nearest ally is P. ochraccia ceps, Walden, from Burmah; but the above species is larger and has the lower parts pale ferruginous, whilst in ochraceiceps they are of the purest white, and it is not so rufous on the head and nape. The legs of stenorhynchus are horny grey; in the figure of ochracciceps lately published in the Ibis for 1877, Pl. XIII, the legs appear to be much too blue; should this coloring however be correct, it will mark another point of difference.
Mr. Ogle shot this species on Manbúm Tila, at an elevation of 8,000 feet, not far from Sadiya.
407a. GARRULAX NUCHALIS, Godwin-Austen. Plate X. The second specimen of this bird was obtained again by Mr. Ogle, on the Kamlangpáni, at 500 ft. I described the first example, obtained also by Mr. Ogle, in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History for November 1876, and I here repeat the original description and remarks upon it. It is figured on the accompanying plate.
“ Above, top of head to nape dark slaty grey, succeeded by a broad rich ferruginous collar an inch in breadth, which fades into the olive-green of the back. Wings and tail of a rather darker tint of olive, the latter tipped black ; the first four primaries are tipped hoary-grey ; the shoulder of, wing has a rusty tinge. A narrow frontal band ; the lores, with a narrow line over and below the eye, black; this is continued in a streak of dark rusty brown over the ear-coverts; a few white feathers border the black frontal band above. Chin black, extending a short way down the middle of throat; breast pale ashy, with a slight vinous tinge. Cheeks and ear-coverts pure white. Flanks and under tail-coverts dull olive-green. Bill black. Irides purple-lake. Legs fleshy-grey.
" Length 10 inches, wing 4.25, tail 4:6, tarsus 1.7, bill at front 0.9.
“This beautiful species was among a batch of birds lately received from and collected by Mr. M. T. Ogle, of the Topographical Survey, in the Lhota-Nágá hills. It is the representative there of G. chinensis, but differs in possessing the broad ferruginous nape, and the neutral grey of the head is of a darker hue. In other respects it is identical, save in some minor points, such as:-the black of the throat does not extend so far down on to the upper breast; the lower breast is paler than in chinensis, and has a vinous tinge; the under tail-coverts are pure olivaceous with no ochraceous tint; and, lastly, the white of the cheek and ear-coverts extends in this new form further down the side of the neck."
*4276. ACTINURA DAFLAENSIS, Godwin-Austen. [Pl. IV, J, A. S. B., 1876.]
4977. ACTINURA OGLEI, Godwin-Austen. Plate XI. This beautiful new form, discovered by Mr. M. T. Ogle, was described in J. A. S. B., Vol. XLVI, Pt. II, 1877, p. 42, from Manbúm Tila on the Tengapáni River, near Sadiya. It is now figured.
562a. PIYLLOSCOPUS FULIGINIVENTER, Hodgson, sp. Horornis fuliginiventer, Jerdon. [Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 162, No. 525.]
A dull but well marked ring round the eyes, an indistinct supercilium of same colour as the breast. All above very dusky bistre-brown with an olive tinge. Beneath dingy oil-green, paler on chin ; under tail-coverts rather lengthened. Irides dull brown, legs ochraceous green. Obtained at Sadiya.
L. 4.25, W. 2.15, T. 2.0, t. 0.87, Bf. 0:34.
564. REGULOIDES TROCHILOIDES, Sundeval. #from Noa Dihing, March 6th. Compared with specimens in British Museum.
Lord Tweeddale writes——“Has your specimen got white margins to the outer tail feathers ? If it has so, it will be true P. viridipennis, and which is probably nothing but P. presbytes of S. Müller. Seebohm thinks that P. trochiloides, viridipennis, and presbytes are one and the same.'
576. ABRORNIS ATTINIS, Hodgson. This bird I have only received from the Nága Hills; it has a bright yellow ring round the eye.
* Compare Stray T'eathers, V, 1877, pp. 330, 504,-ED.
572. ABRORNIS FLAVIGULARIS, n sp. Description : Above ash grey, purer grey on rump, rather darker on the head. Wings pale umber-brown. Tail ash-brown, the two outer feathers white on the inner web, the next with a narrow edging of white. Lores white, ear-coverts white and grey. Chin pure yellow fading on throat; breast, nape, flank and thighs greyish white, whitish on the breast ; a very faint yellow tinge on the abdomen ; under tail-coverts white. A small patch of yellow on inner shoulder of the wing,
Bill dark above, buff below.
Having failed to identify this bird with any species I have examined, I have now described it more fully; it is the specimen I noted as probably new under the above title in the J. A. S. B., Vol. XLVI, Pt. II, p. 44, (1877).
It is nearest to A. xanthoschistus, having the same coloured head and form of bill, but its entire ashy upper surface distinguishes it well from all the species I am acquainted with.
594. BUDYTIES CITREOLA, Pallas. f. Pengapáni, W. Sadiya. April 24th. • The black band on the nape is hardly developed at all.
59-1a. BubYTOS CITREOLOIDES, Hodgson.
625a. STAPIIIDEA PLUMBEICEPS, Godwin-Austen. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Dec. 1877.
Original Description : "Head (sub-crested) ash-groy, purer behind ; [cathers narrowly edged paler. Back pale olive-brown, a fow feathers
pale-shafted. Wings umber-brown. Tail darker, the four outer feathers tipped with white, increasing outwards diagonally. Lores pale grey. The ear-coverts only to just beneath the eye chesnut, the feathers white-shafted. Chin, throat, and all the lower parts white. Flanks pale sepia-grey ; under tail-coverts the same, tipped white.
“ Irides reddish brown. Legs umber.
Length 4:6 inches, wing 2:3, tail 9:05, tarsus 0:7, bill at front 0.3.Obtained near Sadiya and Brahmakhund.”
A near ally is Staphidea castaneiceps, Moore, very common in the Khási and Nágá Hills, while another very distinct species is Staphidea torqueola, Swin. ; but in this last the chestnut commences at the base of the lower mandible, passes under the eye and round the nape in a broad band of chestnut-brown, and the last three tertiaries are margined white on the inner web. This is absent in the Assam species.
note-book I find that I obtained one example in the Dikrang valley, Dafla hills, which I shot at camp No. 9; but this was subsequently lost somehow or other, and therefore I did not insert it in the List of Birds from the Dafla Hills, published in the Society's Journal.
Can this be Iculus strintus, Blyth? Blanford in J. A. S. B., 1872, p. 166, says the Darjiling bird is the same as the Tenasserim type in the Calcutta Museum, but mentions that it has a rufous supercilium, which none of my specimens possess.
[Since writing the above, I have received from Mr. W. Blanford, in a letter from Calcutta in reply to some questions I wrote to him regarding this species, Ix. striatus, some remarks which I now quote. “I have two specimens of the Sikkim bird; I have re-compared them with the type from Tenasserim, and I cannot understand how I can have identified the two, The Tenasserim bird is, as Blyth describes it, greyish brown (ashy brown according to Tickell), the cap may have beon a trifle darker, but very little, not so distinct I should say as in the Sikkim bird, and the white shafts are far more conspicuous in the Tenasserim type. Above all, the bill is much larger in the latter; the difference is so marked that I think I must have compared a Sikkim specimen differing from those I have now. The cheek patch is distinct but faint. In the spocimen from Sikkim, (Ix. rufigenis, Hume) which I now have, the rufous supercilium is only indicated posteriorly.” This last title was given to the Sikkim bird by Mr. A. 0. Hume in Stray Feathers, Vol. V, p. 108. Mr. Blanford has now followed up his letter by sending me two specimens from Mr. Mandelli's collection of this Darjiling form, and on comparison I find that it is quite distinct from plumbeiceps. This last has the head of a decided ash-grey colour, and the fcathers are more lengthened behind, so as to give a sub-crested appearance. Bill shorter and deeper. Legs stouter, altogether a larger bird. In ono specimen from Darjiling, there is an extension shewn of the rufous of the ear-coverts round the nape, of which there is not a trace in the Sadiya examples. These are the dimensions of rufigenis. W. 2:45, T. 0:6, Bf. 0:47.
The wings run about equal. This genus presents us with an interesting example of modification of plumage in areas that are in a great measure separated now physically. We appear to have 5 forms :
1. Staphidea castaneiceps, Moore, (1854), Gáro, Khási and Nága Hills. 2.
striatus, Blyth, (1859). Tenasserim. 3
rufigenis, Hume. Sikkim Hills. 4.
plumbeiceps, Godwin-Austen. Sadiya, Eastern Assam. 5.
torqueola, Swinhoe. W. China.]
669. GARRULUS BISPECULARIS, Vigors. This Himalayan Jay was obtained by Mr. Chennell at Shillong, and is in his collection.
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873. RHYNCHNA BENGALENSIS, Linnæus. North Khási Hills. Mr. Chennell.
In the neighbourhood of Calcutta these birds breed as early as March and April ; two chicks were brought to me about the middle of the former month.
879. IBIDORIYNCIIUS STRUTHERSII, Vigors.
PODICA PERSONATA, G. R. Gray. This bird, hitherto only recorded, on the Indian side, from Cachár, was found by Mr. Ogle on the Noa Dihing river near Sadiya ; the specimen is a male, and has been compared with those in the Indian Museum from Tenasserim.
W. 9:5, T. 5:4, t. 2:0, Bf. 2:15, bill to nares 1.05.
908. PORZANA AKOOI, Sykes.
Bill dusky green, yellow below, irides red brown, legs and feet dusky lake.
910. PORZANA PYGMÆA, Naumaun.
935a. GORSACHIUS MELANOLOPIIUS, Raffles. Dipur Bhíl. Eastern Assam, March, (Chemell).