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Thus þurgh falshed of pe fendes pe folke was


4392 Vnder daunger of pe dule droupet full longe,
Of whose falshede & fourme in his first makyng

Will I somwhat say, & sithen of his falle.

(But pe fader, pat first fourmyt all thinge,—

Book X.

God, who made the angels his

4396 Both the ayre, & Element, & Angells in heuyn, ministering

Water, & wynde, & welkyn aboue,—

In the highest heuyn, as holy writ sais,
He ordant angels after his deuyse,

4400 And set hom in seruice hym seluyn to honour.

But on the oddist of other ordant our lord,
Brightest of bemes in blisse for to dwelle.
Of whom the proffet of prise plainly can say,
4404 here was no sterne in astate stode hym aboue,
Ne no pert tre in peradise apperith to hym,
Ne burione ne braunche to his beamys like.)
God fourmet hym so faire, as I fynd here,
4408 pat mony legions his light launchet aboue.


(Ps. ciii. 20, 21.) (Ps. civ. 4, 5.) (fol. 69 a.) set Christ above all. (Heb. i. 4.)

(Is. xiv. 13.)

(Ezek. xxxi. 8, 9.)

God set Lucifer highest of the angels, but through pride he fell from that

Thurgh his fairhede as fast he felle into pride,
When he said of hym selfe his sete he wold make high estate:

ffull noble in pe north, þat non shuld be here

4412 Like to be lord, þat the light made;

Euynyng in all thing euyn with hym selfe, Sone he fell of his faire-hede, & fele of his peres, hat assentid to pat syn, sonkyn in fire. 4416 Mony legion pere light vnto laithe fendes

With lucifer, pat lyuet in delites aboue,

hat wofully welt & woundid to the dethe. Thus the gospell of God of pat grym tellis,4420 I segh satan hym selfe slippe out of heuyn,

As pe leuenynges light, þat laches to ground.' This fende was the first pat felle for his pride, And lost has his lykyng, pat lyuyaton is cald. 4424 And for the case is vnknowen be course to pe


and many legions

fell with him.

(Rev. xii. 7-9.)

(Luke x. 18.)

Satan is called
(Is. xxvii. 1.)

Book X.

Bishop of

Hispalis, in (his)

(Is. xxvii. 1.)

(Ps. lxxiv. 13, 14.) (fol. 69 b.)

In the "Life of St Brandon" he is called a water adder, which the saint saw in the sea.

(Rev. xx.)

This Leviathan went to Paradise to tempt our

Arst father.

He appeared as a maiden, and as a spirit, spake in

her or he

assumed the body

of an adder, and

by falsehood

deceived our first parents.

Here sumwhat I say, er I sew ferre.
And ysidre in ethemoleger openly tellis,
þat bemoth in Ebrew ys opunly to say,—
4428 A Roid beste vnreasonable, pat no Rule holdes.'
And for pe fende was so fals & full of dissait,
God at the begynnyng of his gret falle,
Wroght hym to a worme in wildurnes like,
4432 Writhen, as the writte sayes, like a wilde Eddur.
And for grettnes of pat Grym in his grete filthe,
He is demyt a Dragon with Dauid the prophete.
In his song of the sawter pere he sais pus,-
4436 This Dragon of Dissait, pat pou derfly hath

So sethe in the sauter the Salme to the end.
And loke of lyuyaton in the lyffe of saynt

There þis warloghe, I wis, a water eddur is cald,
4440 pat pis saint pere seghe in the se occiane,
ffull large and long of a lawe depnes.

Closet pere be comaundement of his clene maker,
Vnto the day of dom dulfully to abide,
4444 Writhyn is þat warloghe with wilis ynoghe,
Mannes saule to dissaiue & in syn holde.

bis lyuyatan, leder of all thies laithe fyndes,
To our fader the first fellé in Envy,

4448 And put hym to peradise pristly anon

To tempt hom with trayn, pat trist of non euyll,
To forfet pat faire place & offense make.

Hade a face vne fourmet as a fre maydon,
4452 And as a sprite in hor spake, pat spede to our

Or barly toke body of pat bold eddur,

And so with falshede & faire our faders dissayuit, And all pere successours sorily sent vnto pyne. 4456 Of pis mater of mawmentry nomore at this tyme: pis sufficis forsothe. Ses we now here,


And turne to our tale & take pere we lefte.

Thus be dissayt of the deuyll, as I declaret haue,

4460 This appollo apperit to pepull full ofte

In Delphon, or Delos, dem as ye list.

Book X.


Achilles and Patroclus arrive at Delos, and

proceed to the

To pis appollo, pe pure god, þat pepull honouret, temple of Apollo.

Thies kynges by course comyn anon,

4464 bat messengers were made fro pe maisters of


And turnyt into tempull fro pere tore shippis.
Be counsell of the kepers, when the course felle,
bat serued pat Synagod to the sory fyndes,

4468 Than entrid pai with honour, & offerond made,

Grete soumes forso the of siluer & of golde;
Did pere deuocioun as hom dere thought,
And frayned at the fynd how pai fare shuld,
4472 Of paire Journay, full Justly, a Juggement to


And pen Appollo apperith with a príue voise
To po worthy, o this wise, as be writ sayes.


"Achilles! Achilles ! [attle] to pe Grekes, 4476 Sew to the same pat pou art sent fro ; Tell hom for truth, pat hom tyde shall In sounde for to saile somyn vnto Troy,

(fol. 70 a.)

Having made great offerings to the god, they inquire regarding the result of their undertaking.

[MS. has 'a litle "J "Achilles ! Achilles! return and tell the Greeks that they must sail to Troy There they have

And mony batels on bent with buernes to thole. many battles to

4480 And the tent yere truly, tell hom for sothe,

here worship to wyn, & pere wille haue;
All the Cité to sese, and the syde londis;
Kyng Priam to pyne, & his pure wife;

4484 All his sonnes to sle with sleght of your honde;
haire Riches to Robbe, & pere Rife goodis;

And no lede for to lyue, but þat hom selfe

When Achilles this chaunse choisely hade herd, 4488 He was glad of pe graunt, and the god answared;

fight, but in the tenth year they shall conquer, and have every

thing at their will."

Book X. Before Achilles

left the temple, Calchas the Boothsayer, son of Thestor, arrived on a secret message from Priam, to learn the fate of Troy.

(fol. 70 b.)


Calchas return not to Troy, but go with Achilles. Join thyself to

the Greeks, and part not from

them till Troy is taken,"

And er he turnyt fro the temple, thus hit tid.


A tulke out of Troy, testor aune sone,

hat was a bisshop of the burghe, & a buerne wise, 4492 (Calcas, by course, was his kyd nome)

A Sad man of siens, sought to þe temple,
ffrom Priam, his pure kyng, priuely sent,
To haue answare at Appollin what aunter shuld

4496 Of the tulkes of Troy and the triet pepull.
He meuyt to the mowmentes with his mayne

Praiond hym full prestly, as a pure god,

To warne hym full wightly what wirdis shuld happyn:

4500 And pus gatis to the gome pen the god saide.

THE ONSWARE OF APPOLLO TO CALCAS, BYSSHOP OF TROY. "Calcas Calcas! cair yow not home,




Ne turne neuer to Troy, for tene pat may falle with the grekes into the gret nauy,— 4504 With Achilles the choise kyng chose on pe way. Part neuer fro pat pepull, ne the prise leue,

ffor it is grauntid of goddis the grekes for to


The fairer of pat fight vnto the ferre end;
4508 All Troy for to take and tirne at hor wille.

And your graithnes may gretly the grekes auaile,
With counsell & comyng in cas pat will falle,
Till þai haue wonen hor will wete pou for


Calchas then goes 4512 And when Calcas with comyng hade kyndly

to Achilles in the

temple. They

become friends, and Achilles promises to reward him



bat Achilles the choise was in the chere temple, He wentto þat worthy his wille for to shewe; And euyn told hym by tale as hym tide hade.


4516 And felle of affynite, and fryndes be-come,

Achilles with chere cherisshed hym full mekull, And hight hym hoge thinge to haue at his wille. bus went pay to water, pose wise men to gedur, 4520 Cacched in cables & pere kene ancres,

Sesit vp pere sailes, & in sound Rowet,

Past ouer the pale stremys & no payne tholet.
Entret into Attens, pere pe oste lay,

4524 po shene out of shippe shake into botes,
Houit to pe bonke, the Bysshop hym with ;
To Agamynon þai gon with other gaye kynges.
Bothe Dukes & derfe Erles droghen to gedur,
4528 That were blithe of pat bisshop, þat þai broght

Achilles to the choise men all the chaunse tolde,

The answare of Appolyn what aunter shuld


How hom grauntid was the gre by the goddes


4532 And how Calcas, the contrary, cachit of hym, That fro Priam was put to haue a pure onsware; And how in batell hym bydon was abide with

the grekes,

Till Troy all takyn were, & tirnet to ground. 4536 When thies tythinges told were tomly to end, All the grekes were glad, & pere god panked;

And for ioy of pat iornay aioynet a fest,

As a high day to holde, & halowet it all

Book X.


The messengers then set sail and return to Athens, where Calchas is introduced to Agamemnon.

(fol. 71 a.)

Achilles relates

the answer of

Apollo to himself

and to Calchas.

The Greeks rejoice, and the day is kept as a feast and thanksgiving to their

4540 With worship to wale goddis on paire wise did. gods.

And of the Bisshop po buernes beldid were pen;

and rewarded.

Thai cherisshed hym choisly, all po chere Calchas is fèted kynges,

With Riches & Rewardes raght hym ynogh, 4544 And heghten hertely þere hestis to kepe.

pan þai solast hom somyn, as hom selfe liked,
And dryvon furth pat day with dalians to end.

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