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Gosain of Tirhoot,) to whom it was inscribed by the transcriber in 1762, year of Sák corresponding to 1810, A. D.

Salutation to Ganes. 1. Mercifully say O benign Gooroo! (1) where can I, who am sinking in the midst of the shoreless sea of the world, find a refuge ? In the ample vessel of the lotus-feet of Biswes.

2. Who are the fettered? Those who are addicted to the enjoyments of the objects (2) of sense.

Who are the free? Those who discard the objects of sense.
What is the Terrific IIell? One's own body.
Which is the way to heaven? To conquor all desires.

3. Who has relinquished the World ? He who has acquired a knowledge of his ownself according to the Veds, and this knowledge also confers beatification. (3)

Which is the door of hell ? Woman.

Which is the way to heaven? Refrainment from the infliction of all kinds of injuries. (4)

4. Who sleeps in peace ? He who is addicted to devout meditation. Who is awake? He who discerns truth from falsehood.

Who are the enemies of man? His own unsubdued desires, and these when subdued become his friends.

5. Who is poor? He who is of vast desires.

(1) Gooroo. The Hindus have various sorts of Gooroos or teachers, such as the Achárj 1912 Gooroo, or he who instructs in the rites and ceremonies of religion, and also teaches the 111T), Muntra. Parents are also called Gooroos. These two sorts are the Mahá or chief Gooroos. Next to these is the Tántric Gooroo, atian! T, or he who instructs his pupil into the esotery of the Tantras.

(2) Objects of sense, fauz, are all those that are perceivable by the five senses.

(3) Beatification ha, or liberation of the soul from the body, and its exemption from further transmigration and consequent absorption into the essence of grawy, or the great Being.

(4) Injuries are of three kinds, H198, mental, airea, verbal, and Hifuan, personal.

Who is rich ? The contented.
Who living, is dead? Ile who is without energy.
What is like death to a man? Dependance on the vile.
6. What is Sin?* Selfish pride.
What leads to folly? The blandishments of the lotus-eyed fair.

Who is blind from his very birth? (The sensualist.) He who is wounded by the God of love.

Who living, is dead? The defamed.
7. Who is a Gooroo ? He who teaches what is good.
Who is a scholar? He who is obedient to his Gooroo.
What is long-standing disease ? Friendship of the vicious.
And what is its antidote? Friendship of the virtuous.
8. What is the most precious Jewel? A virtuous disposition.
What is true pilgrimage? The cleansing of one's heart.
What objects should be relinquished? Gold and Woman.

What are to be continually cherished? The word of the Gooroo, and of the Veds.

9. Which is the way to acquire a correct knowledge of Brahm? The thorough knowledge of the Vedanta, according to the instructions of the Gooroo.

Who is a Devotee? He who has relinquished all desires.

Who is void of desires ? He who is devoted to the acquirement of the knowledge of Sivá.

10. What is disease? Anxiety.
Who is a fool ? He who is destitute of discernment.
What is desireable work? Devotion to Sivá and Vishnoo.
What is living? Being free from defamation.

11. What is true science? That which leads to the knowledge of Brahm.

What is wisdom? That which teaches to discriminate between good and evil.

Which is the noblest acquisition? The knowledge of one's self.

Who has conquered the world ? He who has gained a conquest over his ownself.

12. Who is bravest of the brave? He who does not feel Cupid's shafts. Who is truly learned ? He who is not entangled by woman's wiles.

* In some copies, " What is the cause of sin ?"- Eds.

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13. Which is the most violent poison ? The enjoyments of the objects of sense.

Who is perpetually unhappy? He who is under the influence of the objects of sense.

Who is blessed ? The beneficent.

Who is venerable? He who possesses the knowledge of Vibhoo (the all-pervading being).

14. What does a learned man refrain from? From vicious company, from sin, and from covetousness. And what does he continually engage in? In religious studies.

Who is the origin of the world? Woman. (5)

15. Who is most cunning ? Woman ; whom even the fiends cannot deceive.

What are fetters to a man? Woman.
What is true penance ? Making one's self independent.
16. What is undiscoverable? Woman's intentions and acts.
What is most reluctantly borne by all ? Vile dependance.
Who is a brute? The ignorant.

17. With whom should not one dwell? With the ignorant-sinner, mean, and vile.

What are the requisites to one who is desirous of salvation? Society of the virtuous, and devotion to Rama.

18. What degrades one? The asking of alms.
What raises one ? Independance.
Who is truly born? He who will not be born again.
And who is still born ? Ile who is to be born again.

19. Who is dumb? Ile who does not seasonably speak to the purpose.

Who is deaf? He who does not listen to the truth.
Who is unworthy of confidence? Woman,

(5) The allusion of this is not clear. I should suppose it refers to the subject discussed in the Brahmavai-varta Purán, when it is stated that the plastic or creative power or energy being united to the passive cause, or wefa, (personified as a female, or um,) brought forth the world.

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20. What is truth? (6) The only true blissful being without duality. What is nobleness? A virtuous action.

What having performed, one cannot repent of? The worship of Siva and Krishna.

21. What are man's chief enemies ? Lust, anger, falsehood, core. tousness and ignorance.

What is unsatiable ? Man's desires.
What is the principal cause of man's troubles ? Pride of self.

22. What is a learned man's ornament? Virtue and love to all creatures.

What having relinquished, one enjoys peace? Woman.

What is true charity? That gift by which the recipient becomes fearless of others.

23. Who is subject to ruination ? He who entertains vast desires.
Who enjoys perfect tranquillity ? (7) The emancipated.
By what is one mostly distressed? By his own ignorance.
Who are to be venerated ? Gooroos and holy men.

24. What should a man, at the point of death, diligently perform! Meditate with all his mind and strength on the lotus-feet of Moorári

. 25. Who are thieves ? One's own irregular desires.

Who are worthy to be talked to ? Those who are proficient in the rules of society.

Who is one's mother ? Liberal knowledge that confers blessings. What, by imparting, increases ? Learning.

26. Where is fear to be apprehended from? From the censures of men and from the wilderness of the world.

Who is a friend? He who helps in time of need.
Who are one's parents? Those who cherish and maintain him.

27. What cannot the learned acquire, being taught? The desirable knowledge of what confers true tranquillity and happiness.

In what does all the knowledge of the world consist? In knowing that all creatures are formed in the image of Brahm.

(6) Truth signifies the essence or the indivisable part of an entity, so Siva, whose essence is comprehended in nonduality, is Truth.

(7) Tranquillity, or peace of mind; not being subject to fear or ex. traneous distraction.

28. Who is a great brute? He who having fully learnt the Shās. tras, does not lead a virtuous life.

What is that poison which seems like nectar? Woman.
Who in the shape of friends, are enemies? One's offsprings.

29. What are as fleeting as the lightning? Wealth, youth and life.

What is desirable wealth? That which is bestowed on deserving objects.

What should one, even at the risk of life, refrain from committing? A foul act. And what should he do? Worship Siva.

30. What objects are difficult of acquisition? A true Gooroo ; society of the good ; the knowledge of Brahm, relinquishment of all worldly things, and the knowledge of Siva.

. What is difficult to all men to conquer ? Love. 31. What should one do? Love Moorari.

What should not one make his abiding place? The world, which is like the sea. .

On what should one meditate night and day? On the vanities of the world and on the excellence of

32. By rehearsing or hearing these questions and answers, which is like a string of gems, joy will be diffused into the hearts of the wise as 'tis done by the hearing or rehearsing the delightful history of Krishna and Siva.

स्वस्ति श्रीपरमात्मा श्रीलक्ष्मीनाथप्रीतिरस्तु॥

शुभं भवतु॥ श्रीगणेशाय नमः ॥ अपारसंसारसमुद्रमध्ये संमज्जतोमे शरणं किमस्ति । गुरो दयालो कृपया वदैतद्विश्वेशपादांवुजदीर्घनौका ।। १ ।। वदोनुकोयोविषयानुरागी कावा विमुक्तिर्विषये विरक्तिः। कोवास्ति घोरोनरकः खदेहस्तषणाक्षयः खर्गपदं किमस्ति || २॥ संसार हृत्कः श्रुतिजात्मबोधः कोमोक्षहेतुः कथितः सएव। दारं किमेकं नरकस्य नारी खगें पदं कि जगतामहिंसा ॥३॥ ते सुखं कस्तु समाधिनिछोजागर्ति कोवा सदसद्विवेकी। के पूत्रवः सत्यजितेन्द्रियाणि तान्ये व मित्राणि जितानि देहे॥४॥ कोवा दरिद्रोऽतिविशालटष्णः श्रीमांश्च को

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