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Length of the intestinal canal :
03 The stomach is of a lengthened pyriform shape, one inch in length ; Duodenum, narrow, receives Ductus coleductus at 3 inch distance from Pylorus.-Cæcum is very short, nearly circular. The large intestine is sacculated, terminating in a short simple rectum.
There seems to be reason to believe that Leiolepis revesii,* Gray, inhabiting “China” and Arracan, is also found on the Malayan Peninsula.
FAM. SCINCIDÆ, Gray, (LEPIDOSAURES, Duméril and Bibron.)
Sub. FAM. SAUROPHTHALMINÆ, Cocteau. Gen. GONGYLUS, Wagler, apud Duméril and Bibron. Nostrils lateral, pierced either through the nasal, or between the nasal and rostral shield; tongue notched, squamous ; teeth conical, often slightly compressed, and as it were wedge-shaped, simple ; palate toothed or not, with a posterior notch or a longitudinal groove ; auricu
Syn. Uromastir revesii, Gray.—“ Olive with a series of bright red spots on each side.” (Griffith : Animal Kingdom, IX. p. 62.) Such was the only account of this species at the time of the publication of Erpétologie Générale, where it is not intro. duced. Mr. Gray's latest description runs thus: “ Olive with longitudinal series of pale whitish spots ; when alive blackish, with orange spots on the back, and a series of bright red spots on the sides.--China.” (Catalogue, &c. p. 263.)
The Museum of the Asiatic Society possesses an adult male and a young specimen, sent from Arracan by Capt. Phayre. The form resembles in every particular that of Leiolepis guttatus, from which the present species principally differs by its colours, larger, heavier make and size. Each jaw is covered by 20 scales. From the mental scale proceeds a series of 10 larger scales on each side below the labial. On the throat appear 2 or 3 strong transversal folds, of which the anterior commences from the posterior margin of the tympanum, The tail is covered with keeled verticillate scales as in L. gutta. tus, but not with “rings of smooth scales” as Mr. Gray's generic character states.
Femoral pores 20. 1-1
10.10 Length of the head,
0 feet 13 inch. Ditto ditto trunk,
0 6 Ditto ditto tail,
lar apertures ; four feet, each with 5 unequal, slightly compressed, vot dentilated, nailed toes; sides rounded ; tail conical or slightly compressed, pointed.
Sub-Gen. EUMECES, Wiegmann. Nostrils pierced through the nasal shield, near the posterior margin ; 2 supernasal shields ; palate not toothed, with a rather shallow triangular notch behind ; scales smooth.
EUMECES PUNCTATUS, (Linné,) Var.
Stellio punctatus, Laurenti.
Trunk individually varying in length ; limbs very small, giving the lizard blindworm-like
thick at the root, fusiform, tapering to a very sharp point, its length varying from one to two-thirds of the entire length of the animal. On the anterior margin of the ear a small tubercle. Above metallic chestnut, or greenish bronce, in some with 6 more or less distinct, dotted, black lines along the back, or with the two rows of scales nearest each side of a lighter shade than the ground colour, thus forming two lighter longitudinal bands. From the nostril to the middle of the side of the tail a black or brown band, with numerous small white spots on the sides. Limbs outside dotted with white. Beneath sulphur-coloured, in some the throat and tail minutely dotted with black. Iris dark brown, with a narrow, circular, golden ring.
HABIT.-Malayan Peninsula, Pinang, Singapore.
Malabar and Coromandel Coast, Bengal.
The Variety described above, is numerous in the Malayan countries, both on hills and in valleys. Of several the largest individual was of the following dimensions : Length of the head,
0,3 inch. Ditto ditto trunk,
21 Ditto ditto tail,
Entire length, 43 inches.
Sub. GEN. EUPREPIS, W'agler. Nostrils pierced through the posterior part of the nasal shield; two super-nasals ; palate with a more or less deep triangular incision ; pterygoid teeth ; scales keeled.
EUPREPIS RUFESCENS, (Shaw.)
Scincus inultifasciatus, Kuhl.
Euprepes sebæ, Duméril et Bibron.
VaR. D., Duméril and Bibron. Above. Ground colour shining bronce with 5 to 7 zigzag, or dotted black lines, in some continued on the tail ; sides with many of the scales black, with a square white spot in the middle, in some arranged so as
to produce numerous, distant, transversal bands. The margins of some or all the shields of the head black. Beneath sulphur-coloured. Iris black with a golden circular ring. II ABIT.—Malayan Peninsula, Pinang, Singapore.
VAR. E., Duméril and Bibron. Above uniformly shining bronze ; sides in some sprinkled with blood red; rest like the preceding. HABIT.-Same lacalities.
VAR. F., Duméril and Bibron. Above uniformly shining bronze ; the anterior half of the sides with a broad blood-red stripe, which in specimens preserved in spirits of wine changes to whitish, or disappears ; the posterior part of the sides of the body and the anterior of the tail in some with square sky-blue spots in the middle of some of the scales ; rest like the preceding. HABIT.-Same localities.
These three varieties are exceedingly numerous in the hills and valleys of the Malayan countries. They may be seen basking in the sun, in bamboo hedges, or on trees, and they fearlessly enter houses in pursuit of insects, in which they display great agility. The female deposits 6 to 12 yellow white, oval, cylindrical eggs, half an inch in length. Nearly all have on the lower two-thirds of the tail a series of large scuta. In one individual observed the last two-thirds of the back of the tail was covered with a single series of very broad scales, of which each of the anterior had 15 to 16 keels. In another the tail had been lost near the root, and reproduced by a pyramidal, soft, naked process, inch long, with circular folds like those of the body of Ichthyophis.-Var. F. appears to exceed the others in size : the largest was of the following dimensions : Length of the head,
03 inch. Ditto ditto truuk,
34 Ditto ditto tail,
Entire length : 8 inch.
Psammite de Van Ernest, Coctean.
Form like E. rufescens. Triangular incision of the palate very small, with a few minute pterygoid teeth on each side. Ears obliquely oval, small, appearing more so being half covered by two of the temporal scales ; no lobules on the anterior margin. Scales of the back with minute, longitudinally waved lines, and from 3 to 8 indistinct keels. The outer half of the toes and the nails sharply compressed. A series of scuta beneath the tail.
Very young. Head light green bronze, shields edged with black and a black line, edged with silver, from the muzzle to the ear. Back, sides, root of the tail and outside of the limbs shining black with numerous transversal, waved, silvery lines. Feet and toes rose, or flesh-coloured. Tail brilliant scarlet.* Throat, abdomen and inside of the limbs silvery white.
Adult, Ground colour greyish-brown bronze. Frontal and supraorbital shields black edged; fronto-parietals, inter-parietals and parietals black, each with a whitish elongated mark, united, forming a symmetrical figure. From the nostril to the eye a black streak. Neck and body with a number (12 to 14,) of distant, transversal, waved bands, composed of black scales, each with a rectangular white spot in the middle. Outside of limbs with 4 or 5 similar bands. In some a buff coloured lateral band on the posterior part of the back, and the anterior half of the side of the tail. Beneath iridescent light bluish-green; scales with whitish edges. Iris black with a golden narrow circle. Habit.-Malayan Peninsula, Pinang.
Java. In habits this species resembles Euprepis rufescens, but appears to be far less numerous. In a female were found eleven eggs, in shape, size and colours resembling those of E. rufescens. The young, above described, was of the following dimensions :
Length of the head,
Entire length: 31 inch.
* The very young of Eumeces lessonii, Dum. and Bibr. (Scincus cyanurus, Lesson,) is distinguished by a similar distribution of colours.