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Science is represented by Bhāsvatī, a manual of rules for determining the position of the heavenly bodies, according to Sürya-siddhānta. The work was composed in Çaka 1021 (A.D. 1099–1100) by Satānanda, son of Çaŋkara and Sarasvati. He was of Purusõttama (i.e. Puri), and according to the commentators he based his calculations on the meridian of this town.
The extremely long rule of Coragaŋga (72nd year) is unprecedented in the annals of Orissa, and, I suppose, stands unique in Indian history too. Presumably he was over ninety at the time of his death.
Traces of his name may still be found in Churaŋga-sāhi, a quarter in Puri town; in Churaŋga pokhri, a tank about six miles S. W. of Cuttack town; in Sāranga-garh, a fort, the remains of which are still visible on the Madras Trunk Road close to Bārang Railway Station ; and in the temple of Gaŋgöçvara, town Jājapura, District Cuttack.
II. Kāmārņava VII.
[1069 Çaka — 1078 Çaka. ]
sarambulu 3 çrāhi Uttarāyana-san-
Uttarāyaṇa saņkrānti. 5
Çak-ābdambulu 107 Grima[d-A]n- Ep. Rep., No. 383, of Verified.
anta[varma]. Madhu-kāmsārņa]va Crīkūrmam,
1149. 6 - Çak-ābdambulu 1074 nēmda Çrimad. Ep. Rep., Nos. 384 Unverifiable.
Anantava[rma]-dēvara pravarddha- and 385, of Crīkūr-
1074, year 7, Vişabha saņkrānti.
Çaka 1076, year 9, Vişava saņkrānti.
From the inscriptions we thus get-
1069 = 2nd aŋka, or 1st year. This latter seems more probable, as Coraganga's inscriptions exist up to Çaka 1069, 73rd year (No. 182 of Mukhalingam). The copperplates give 1064 Çaka as the year of his abhişēka. Does this mean that in that year he was formally put in charge, Coțaganga being too infirm from age ?
As no inscriptions of the succeeding king have yet been found, the
last year of this king cannot be positively
ascertained. Taking ten to be his total year according to Puri and Këndupātņā copperplates, and with 1069 Çaka as his first year, the last year would be 1078 Çaka. This agrees with the calculations of the subsequent reigns. The Puri and Köndupātnā copperplates call him Kāmārnava
Dāva; while in one stone inscription of His titles,
Crikūrmam he is called AnantavarmaMadhu-Kāmārņava Dāva (No. 383), and in the other stone inscription he is called simply Anantavarmma Děva. In No. 178, Çaka 1070 is said to be the 3rd regnal year of one Jațēçvara Dēva. Is this another name of Kāmārņava, or is it the name of another prince who had possibly revolted ? Kāmārņava was the son of Côraganga by the queen Kastūrikā
modini. Apparently he succeeded Cõra. His relationships.
ganga as his eldest son.
[ Çaka 1078 – Çaka 1092.] No inscriptions of this king is known. From calculations of the
succeeding king Rājarāja II, his last year First and last year.
would be 1092 Çaka. According to Puri and Kēndupātnā copperplates he ruled fifteen years. Calculating backwards from 1092, his first year falls in 1078, the last year of Kāmárpava. Hence these dates may be prima facie accepted. He was son of Coşagaŋga by another queen, Indirā, a princess of
the Ravi-kula. Apparently Kāmārnava His relationships.
Dēva had died childless.
IV. Rājarāja II.
J. II, 15
3 çrābi Dakşiņāyana-samkrāmtti, or Çaka 1093, 3rd year, Dakşiņāyanasaņkrānti. Çaka-varşambulu 109 [nēņți] Çri. Ep. Rep., No. 242, of Verified. mad- Anantavarmma-dēvara pra- Makhalingam. varddhamāna-vijaya-rājya-samvat. Bara (year omitted] çrāhi Karkatakakṛṣṇa 5 yu Guru-vāramuna, or Çaka 1097, Karkataka Kr. 5, Thursday
= 10th July, A.D. 1175(Purạimānta).
Thus from the inscriptions, we get :-
1093 3rd (aşka) or
= first year. From the succeeding king's calculations Rāja-rāja's last year would
be Çaka 1112. In the Puri and Kēndupātnā Last year.
copperplates he is credited with a rule of 25 years; which, if taken as aŋka, would agree, 25th aŋka being equal to 21st year. The inscriptions show that the regnal years had become full aŋkas in his time.
In the stone inscriptions of Mukhalingam only the title Anantavarmma Dēvu is mentioned. He was son of Coragaŋga by another princess Candralekhā (copper
plates, Puri and Kandupātnā). This relaRelationships,
tionship is corroborated by the Möghöçvara inscription at Bhuvanēçvara. [Its latest readings are by Babu N. N. Vasu, Jour. As. Soc. Bengal, Vol. LXVI, 1897, pp. 11-24; and by Professor Kielhorn, Ep. Indica, Vol. VI, pp. 198-203]. According to this inscription Rājarāja married Suramā, a sister of Svapnēçvara Dēva, the erector of the Möghöçvara temple (line 10); and in his old age installed in the government his younger brother Aniyanka Bhima (1. 11).
In " the copperplate inscription of Nșsimha Dāva II,” plate leaf III, reverse, 1. 13, verse 56, the words "pragalbha-vayasi” have been read (transl. “ in his early youth "). But from the Mēghēçvara inscription, Rājarāja appears to have come to the throne at least in his middle age. I would therefore prefer to read "pragalbha-vacasi.” [See my reading, J.A.S.B., 1895, p. 141, note (1)].
V. Aniyanka Bhima or Anaŋga Bhima Dāva II.
[Çaka 1112 Çaka 1120.] Only two inscriptions of this king's time have been found up to date :
Çrimad-Aniŋka-Bhima-dēvasya pra- Inscription No. 1 on Verified, .
Proc. A 8. Soc.
A.D. 1193 or Çaka 1114 = 4th aŋka or 3rd year.
1112 = 2nd aŋka or 1st year.