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(or in words) Çāka-varṣē manu-ravi-
or Çaka 1214, year 17, Margaçīrṣa Kr.
kri(r)sna 13 ya Gura-varamuna, or
Çaka-varaşambulu 1204 gunēmți Vīra- | Ep. Rep., No. 375, of Verified.
Çaka-varşambulu 1212 nēmți Vira-Cri- Ep. Rep., No. 272, of
(or on another face) Çaka-varṣē ravi-
or Çaka 1212, year 14, Mēşa Qu. 4, Fri-
Çaka-varuşambula 1214 agu nemţi Ep. Rep., No. 304, of
Pratapa-Vira-Çri-Narasimha - dēvaru
Çaka-varuşambula 1215 gunēṁdu Vira-
gu çrahi Riṣava-çukla-paurṇamiyu
Ep. Rep., No. 297, of
Ep. Rep., No. 335, of
Ep. Rep., No. 367, of
1217-8 (not 1217)
3rd aŋka or
From the above we get―
aŋka 18th year (? 17th) 17th (? 18th)
Seven of the inscriptions give the initial year = 1200-1 Çaka. One copperplate inscription of Kēndupāṭnā gives the initial year = 1201-2 Çaka, but it makes a mistake of one year in the Çaka year, and therefore presumably also in the aŋka year. One inscription (No. 297) apparently makes mistakes both in the Çaka and aŋka year, if the tithi and week-day given be correct.
The initial year given by the majority of the inscriptions thus falls in Çaka 1200-1.
No regnal year of the succeeding king being known, we have to fall back upon the year assigned by the Puri cop perplates, viz., 34, which, as aŋka, is equal
to 28th year. This agrees with the initial year of his grandson Nrsimha
Name of the king.
37th aŋka, or 28th year.
Bhānu Dēva II
1227-8 1249-50 24 years (i.e. 23 years and odd). Nrsimha Dēva III 1249-50, as deduced from his inscriptions.
The Kōndupāṭnā copperplates, 3 series, end in this king.
Year given in the copperplates
Nṛsimha Dēva II was son of Bhānu Dēva I by Jākalla Dēvi of calukya kula. He is called also Narasimha Relationship and titles. Dēva, Vira-Narasimha Dēva, Vira-Çri or ÇriVira Narasimha Dēva, Pratapa-Vira-Çri-Narasimha Dēva, Vira-Çri or Cri-Vira-Naranarasimha Dēva, Anantavarmma-Pratapa-Vira-Naranārasimha Dēva. In the Kendupăṭnă copperplates he is said to have had virudas beginning with "Caturdaça-bhuvan-adhipati," lord of the fourteen worlds.
The inscription No. 323 of Çrikūrmaṁ records the grant of a minister of his named Garuḍa-Nārāyaṇa Dēva, son of Dōsaditya Deva.
Inscription No. 290 mentions that Naraharitirtha, a governor of Kalinga, built a shrine of Yogananda Nrsimha in front of the Kurmēçvara temple (at Çrikurmam). This officer's name is also mentioned in Nos. 291, 367, and 369 of Çrīkūrmaṁ, and in 305 and 311 of 1900 of Simhacalam temple. All these inscriptions have been edited with an interesting introduction by Mr. H. Krishna Sastri in the Epigraphia Indica, Vol. VI, pp. 260-8. The inscriptions range from Çaka 1186 to 1215.
Naraharitirtha's father seems to have been a minister. Narahari was a cēlā of Ānandatirtba, the famous founder of the Dvaita school of philosophy. According to Narahariya-stōtra quoted by Mr. H. K. Sastri, the Guru ordered him to go to the Gajapati king and to be a ruler under him; Naraharitirtha went there and ruled the country for twelve years, the king being an infant. In Raktākṣi-samvatsara, or A.D. 1324, he became mahant and died in the year Crimukha or A.D., 1333. His inscriptions have 1186 Çaka as the earliest date; and he apparently became ruler of Kalinga in the very first year of Bhānu Dēva I, retiring a few years before the death of Narasimha Dēva II. His father was probably a minister of Nrsimha Deva I. The long gap of 31 years between A.D. 1293 and A.D. 1324 is not explained; and therefore the traditional date of 1324 is to be received with caution.
XI. Bhānu Dēva II.
[Çaka 1227.8 Çaka 1249-50.]
Only two inscriptions of this king's time are as yet known :
No verified regnal years of this king being available, his initial year is taken from the last year of Nrsimha Deva II. First and last year. His last year is the same as the first year of Nrsimha Dēva III, Çaka 1249-50, deduced from the latter's inscriptions. The intervening period nearly agrees with the year 24 given in the Puri copperplates.
He was son of Nrsimha Dēva II by Cōra Dēvi. He is given a fuller title in No. 302, of Cri-vira-di-vira CriRelationship and title. Bhānu-dēva.
The Puri copperplates describe a bloody war of his with one "Gayāsadin." He is apparently the same as Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlak, whose son Ulugh
Khan having captured Arangal invaded Jāj-nagar. Ziya-ud-din Bārni says (p. 234):
"The prince then marched towards Jāj-nagar, and there took forty elephants, with which he returned to Tilang. These he sent on to his father."
Is it on the strength of this excursion that Jaj-nagar was included as No. 22 in the list of the 23 provinces to which Ulugh Khan succeeded according to Ibn Batutah? [see his list in note 1 to p. 203, Thomas' Path. Chron.]. Ziya-ud-din Bārni, however, omits Jāj-nagar from his list [Elliot, III, p. 236].