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a tradition of this conquest was heard by the Portuguese Fernão Nuniz who, in his, chronicles written probably in A.D. 1535-7, thus

say8:

* By his death one called Bucarão inherited this kingdom, and he conquered many lands which at the time of the destruction of that kingdorn remained rebellious, and by him they were taken and turned to his power and lordship; and he took the kingdom of Orya, which is very great; it touches on Bemgalla." [Sewell's Vijayanagara, p. 300].

The great event of Bliānu Dāva's reign was the invasion of Jājnagar by the Delhi Sultan Firüz Shāh. A lengthy description of this invasion will be found in Tarikh-i-Firūz-Shahi, of Shams-i-Sirāj. Afif, [Elliot, III, 312-5]. An abstract of it is given in Major Raverty's translation of Tabāķāt-i-Nāşirī, note 4 to p. 587 (below pp. 591-2). This is quoted here to economise space :

“On his reaching Jūn-pür the rains again set in [760 H]." (? 761 H.), “and he stayed there during the rainy season, and in Zi-Hijjah of that year set out by way of Bihār towards Jāj-nagar, which was at the extremity of the territory of Gadhah-Katankah. When the Sulţān reached Kasah, Malik ķutb-ud-din, brother of Zaffir Khān was left behind with the troops and the heavy equipage, and he advanced with celerity through Bihār towards Jáj-nāgar.... Having passed the river Mahā-nadri, Mahān-darī, or Mahān-adri [the river which falls into the Son doubtless is meant] he reached the city or town of Banārsi [Shams-i-Sarāj and Alfi have Banāras and Budā?-ūni Bārāni] which is " (sic was] "the capital and abode of the Rãe of Jāj-nagar [Shams-i-Sarāj has Rāe of Jājnagar-ūļisah]. The Rāefled towards Taling [Talingānah], and the Sulţān not pursuing him (Firishtah says pursuing), proceeded to hunt elephants in the vicinity (Shams-i-Sarāj says the Sultān remained some time at Banāras, and the Rãe took shelter in one of the islands of the, or on a, river]; during which time the Rāe despatched emissaries and sought for peace, sending at the same time three elephants, besides rarities and precious things [Shams-i-Sarāj says after his return from Padmāwatī). Hunting as he went along, the Sultan reached the territory of Rãe Bhānu Diw (Shams-i-Sarāj, Bir Bhān DiwAli, Pir Māhi Diw-perhaps Bir Mālī] who sent him some elephants He then returned from thence with the object of hunting, came to Padmāwati, South Bihār probably, which is a part abouuding with elephants, captured thirty-three and killed two which could not be secured.... From Padināwati Sulțān Firūz Shāh returned to Karah in Rajab 762 H.”

XIV. NȚsimha Dēva IV.
[Çaka 1300-1

Reigning in Ç. 1324.]
The following inscriptions of this king's time are known :-

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tsara.

1 Çāka-varşabalu 1301 agunē Narasă. Ep. Rep., No. 326, of Verified. S. &T. hya-dēva-nspatē-stāttiryy a köāŋ kē Grīkūrmam.

Gbațā.māsē Brahma-dinē ...... (Then
a gain) Vīra...si(*m)hya-dēvasya
pravarddhamāna-vijaya-rājya-samya-

.kē vihanya-māpē Kumbha-
çukla-tritiyāyām Guru-vārē, Çaka

1301, year 3, Kumbha Çu. 3, Thursday 2 =9th February, A.D. 1380. S.&T. Çaka-varaşambalu 1302 agunēti vīra- Ep. Rep., No. 329, of Irregular. Çri-Narasimha-dēvara

pravar(*d).

Crikūrmam; My dhamāna-vijaya-rājya • samh(v)atsa- MS. transoript rambulu 4, çrāhi Kumbha krşņa 9 (copy not having Guru-vārāna, or Çaka 1302(? 3), year

been received). 4, Kumbha Kr. 9, Thursday. 3 Çaka-n;patē-ratītēşu pañc-adbikõşu Puri copper platos Verified. s. trayödaça-çata-sam vachcharēşu (A); J.A.S B.,

caturdaça-dh(bhav)an-ādhipat-ity. 1895, p. 149.
ādi-virud-abalī-virājamānaḥ Çrīmān
Nrsimha-dēva-prpatēļ sva-rajyasya
aşt-āŋko abbilikhyamānā Caitrē māsi
Çuklē pakşē trayõdaçyam tithau Ravi-
vārē, or Çaka 1305 (?), year 8, Caitra
Çu. 13, Sunday=6th March, A.D.

1384.

Çaka-nrpatē-ratītēşu șõdaç-adhikēşa Pari Copperplates Ditto. S.

trayõdaça-çata-samvatsarēşu caturd. (B); J.A.S.B., 1895,
daça-bhavan-adhipat-ity-ādi-virud-
ävalī-virājamāpaḥ Orī-vira-Nrasimha-
dēva-nộpatiḥ(ēļ) sva-rājyasya dvā.
vim çaty-aŋkē a bhilikhyamānē Vicha.
çukla-ēkādaçyam Mamgala - vārē,
Çaka 1316 (P), Vichā, Çu. 11, Tues.

day=A.D. 1395, 23rd November. 5

Asmin rājyë trayõ-vimçaty-a ykē Vichā. Puri Copperplates Ditto. 8. dvitīya-krspa-saptami Pandita-vā rē, (B); J.A.S.B., 1895,

or year 23, Vichā 2nd, Kr. 7, Tues

dey=A.D. 1396, 22nd November. 6 É çrāhi Mina-samkrānti-krsna-ēkādaçi Ditto, p. 152.

Ditto. 0. Sani-vārē, or the same year, Mina

Saņkrānti, Kr. 11, Saturday=A.D.

1397, 24th February, 7

Vira-Gri-Narasimhya - do tań kara Ep Rep., No. 299, of Ditto. S.

4

p. 151.

pp. 151-2.

vijaya-rājya-samvatsarambulu 1324 Grīkūrmam. agaṁnnēmți Paşya-çukla-paurnnami

J. I 18

MATERIALS.-Oontinued.

[graphic]

Sri-Nșsimhya-kşit-indrah, or
Çaka 13+6 (? 1346), Caitra Ça. 10,
Thursday= 29th March, AD. 1425.
Between A.H. 796-802, or between Raverty's Țab. Naş., / The first
A.D. 1393-1399.

footnote 4 to page

ruler of 587 (below p. 589), the Sbarķī [for date of the dynasty ruler, see Thomas' of JaunChr. Path., Delhi, pūr p. 320].

pelled Jājnagar to pay tri.

bate. 813 A.H. or A.D. 1412.

Ditto, ditto (below Invasion of p. 592).

Jāj-nagar by Bahman ni Sultan

Firüz. 825 A.II. or A.D. 14 22.

Jarrett's Ain-i-Ak- Inroad of bari, Vol. II, p 219, the Māl. and its note 1'; wah Sul. Brigg's Firishtah, tā n Ho IV, 178; Tabak, sbang into Naş, footnote 4 to Jāj.nag ar page 587 (below and his p. 589).

capture of its Rãe.

2nd year

First year.

From the above inscriptions we get-
Çaka 1301-2

3rd aŋka or
1301 (? 1303-1)

4th

3rd 1305-6

8th

6th 1316 (? 1317-8)

22nd

18th = 23rd

19th 1300 1 The inscription, No. 299, of Crikūrmam is dated Çaka 1324. The

inscription, No. 279, is unfortunately broken; Last date known.

but if of Çaka 1346, then it would be the latest known date of this dynasty and probably of this king. No regnal years being given, this inscription may possibly belong to a successor.

» (1318-9)

Ist year.

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He was son of Bbānu Dēva III through his queen Hirā Dēvi of Relationship and titles. Cālukya Kula. His name has been variously

written as Vira-Nrsimha-dēva, Vira-CriNarasimha Dēva, vira-Cri-Nșsimha Dēva, and in the copperplates he has been given virudas beginning with "caturdaça-bhuvan-ādhipati.” If this is not an oriental hyperbole, the first king of the Sharks

dynasty, Khwājah-i-Jahān, who ruled Jūnpūr Historical facts.

from 796 to 802 A.H., is said to have compelled Lakhaņawați and Jāj-nagar to pay him tributes. In 815 A.H. Sulţān Firüz of the Bahmani dynasty entered Jāj-nagar and carried off a number of elephants.

In 825 A.H., Hasān-ud-din Hoshang, the second independent king of Mālwah, made an adventurous raid into Jāj-nagar, which is thus described in the Āin-i-Akbari :

“On one occasion. cunningly disguised as a merchant, he set out for Jāj-nagar. The ruler of that country accompanied by a small retinue visited the caravan. Hoshang took him prisoner and bastened back. While journeying together, Hoshang told him that he had been induced to undertake this expedition in order to procure a supply of elephants, and added that if his people attempted a rescue, the prince's life should pay the penalty. The prince, therefore, sending for a number of valuable elephants, presented them to him and was set at liberty."

XV. The Dark Period.

[? Çaka 1346 -- Çaka 1356-7.] This period has no inscriptions and is thus shrouded in darkness.

According to the Mādaļā Pāñji or Chronicles ? Bhānu Deva IV.

of Jagannātha temple, the last king of Gayga-vamça was Bhānu Dēva (? IV) surnamed Akatā-Abațā, and according to one version Matta. When he died, his minister Kapilēndra alias Kapilēçvara Dēva usurped the throne and founded the Süryyavança. His inscriptions show his reign to have begun in Çaka 1356-7 or A.D. 1434-5. [See my article on the Süryya-vança kings, J.A.S.B., 1900, p. 180 et seq.]

Appendix I.
A Genealogical Table of the Eastern Gay ja kings.

Kõlāhala

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Gaņārņava I

Mārasimba

Vajrahastal

6. Kāmārpava III

(19 years)

[graphic]
[graphic]

1. Kānārņava I

(36 years)

2. Dānārņava

(40 years)

3. Kāmārņava II

(50 years)

4. Raņārņava

(5 years)

r
5. Vajrahasta II

(15 years)

7. Gunārņava II (Ganamabārņava) (27 years)

1 8. Vajrahasta III (omitted in Viz. plates)

(44 years)

1
10. Kāmārņava IV

(25 years, V;
34 years, N.)

Jitāŋkuça (omitted in N. plates) (i) 9. Gundama I
(15 years)

(7 years, V;

3 years, N.) Kaligalāŋkuça (omitted in N.)

(12 years)

11. Vinayāditya

(3 years)

12. Vajrahasta IV alias Aniyaŋkabhima (35 years)

(in N. plates)

Vinaya Mabādēvī (Vaidyumba family) |

14. Kāmārņava V

(7 year) Nangamā

15. Gandama II

(3 years)

By another wife 16. Madhu-Kāmārņava VI

(19 years)

Varhaato IT

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