« السابقةمتابعة »
deemed reasonable, then Vidyadhara's time falls during the rule of Nrsimha Dēva I., and not of Nṛsimha Dēva II.
date and place.
Before concluding this article I may point out that I am not satisfied with the time at, and the locality in which, the Sahitya darpana is said to have been composed. Dr. Weber following Pandit Jaganmohan Çarman in the preface to his edition of Canda-kançika, said that “the Sahitya-darpaṇa was only composed towards the middle of the 15th century in East Bengal on the banks of the Brahmaputra" [Hist. Ind. Lit., p. 231, note 244]. Prof. Macdonell evidently adopts this view [Sans. Lit., App. p. 434].
How far this conclusion is based on facts, and how far on mere traditions I do not know. But the Sahitya-darpana itself does not support it. From the verse and comments quoted above, it is clear that Candraçēkhara, father of Viçvanatha, was a contemporary of a Bhānu Dēva; and if of Bhānu Dēva I., then, Viçvanātha lived during the rule of his son, Nrsimha Dēva II. [A.D. 1279-1306], or at the latest during the rule of his grandson Bhānu Dēva II. [A.D. 1306-1328]. In the vṛtti to Kārikā 266, a Mahomedan king, Allapadīna, is named, which may refer to the Delhi Sulṭān, ‘Alā-ud-din Mas'ud Shah [A.D. 12411246], or to the later and greater king, 'Ala-ud-din Muḥammad Shah [A.D. 1295-1315]. One stanza in praise of a king Nrsimha is quoted in the vṛtti to kār. 671; but it is not to be found in the Ēkāvalī. The other historical allusions are Suratrāṇa, or Sultan [vṛ. to kār. 686.], Gaud-endra [vṛ. to kār. 17], and Tri-Kalinga-bhūmi-tilaka [vr. to kār. 258].
From the references above quoted with others to Kalinga [vṛ. to kār. 13, 15, and 17], to Raghavananda [vr. to kār. 3 and 120], and to Mahima Bhaṭṭa's vyakti-vivēka [vṛ. to kār. 2 and 257], Viçvanatha would seem to be an author not of East Bengal, but of Orissa; while his time would be at least not later than the beginning of the 14th century A.D.
Vięvanatha evidently came of a learned family. His great-greatgrandfather, Nārāyaṇa, [vṛ. to kar. 33], and his grandfather's younger brother Candidāsa [vr. to kār. 266, and 60], are described as leading scholars. His father, Candraçēkhara, was a minister and a scholar, and has been referred to in nine places, while his poem Puṣpa-mālā and Prākṛta work Bhāṣ-ārṇava have been specially mentioned. Viç vanātha quotes frequently from his own works (56 times as mama), and mentions or quotes from, as his own works, Kuvalayāçva-caritam, a Prākṛta poem (2 times), Candrakalā, a nāțikā (7 times), Prabhāvati-pariņayam, a drama (10 times), Praçasti-ratnavālī, a work in 16 bhāṣās (1 time), and Raghavavilāsa, a Mahākāvya (2 times).
In the-Sahitya-darpana I have been unable to find out any quotation from or any mention of the Ēkāvali, a fact which may somewhat go in favour of Ekavali's later date. Can Cōraganga's son Umavallabha be connected in any way with the Umavallabha of Candraçekhara's stanza ? Mahima Bhatta is quoted in Alaykārā-sarvasva as vyakti-vivēka-kāra, and is there quoted as an authority; while Alankarasarvasva-kāra is quoted in the Ekavali as an authority. A fairly long time should therefore be allowed between Mahima Bhaṭṭa and Vidyadhara, a fact which lends some support to the identification of Candraçēkhara's Umāvallabha, Cōṛaganga's son.
JOURNAL OF THE ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL,
VOL. LXXII., PART I. Nos. 1 AND 2.—1903.
[As the transliteration of Sanskrit words in this Volume is not uniform, the
Alamgir (i.e., Aurangzeb), 35.
Alā Tabār, prince, 41.
Alauddin Ma'sūd Shāh of Delhi, 146.
Alauddin Muḥammad Shah of Delhi,146.
Ali Muḥammad Khān Dâūdzai, 35.
Amanat Ki ān, 52.
Aminuddin Khān, 63.
Amjad Khān, 43.
Amṛtadeva, king, 7.
Ananda, body of, divided, 88.
Anandatīrtha, philosopher, 129.
Anantavarman, surname of Coṛagañga,
Bhānu Deva, IV., king, 139.
Firuz Shah Tughlaq, Delhi Sulṭan, 136.
Gabet, see Huc and Gabet.
image of, 134, 135.
Gangambikā, image of, 134, 135.
Garaḍamaji Srīrāma, senāpati, 131.
Ghiyāṣ-ud-din Tughlaq, Delhi Sultan,
Ghulam Ali Khān, 46.
Gopal Singh Bhadauriyah, rājā, 46.
—, kings of, 31.
Govinda, minister, 116.
Jājnagar, meaning of, 117.
Jakalla Devi, queen, 129.
Jațeśvara Deva, king, 113.
Jayatungamalla, king, 4 n.
Jhampati, class of Brahmans, 92.
Madanaratnapradipa, author of, 20.
Maitra, class of Brahmans, 92.
Mallinatha, commentator, 124.
Mandāra, country, 110.
Mandāran, Sirkār, 110.
Marshman, Rev. John, of Serampur, 66.
Martin Khan, 35.
Mayūradhvaja, king, 87.
Megheśvara, temple of, 116.
Minhaj-i-Sirāj, author, 122.
Mir Jumlah, 37.
Mirzā Muḥammad, 63.
Monmohan Chakravarti, article by, on the chronology of the Eastern, Ganga Kings of Orissa, 97.
Muditakuvalayāśvanāṭaka, drama, 2.
Turani and Irani sections of,
Muḥammad Amin Khan I'timād-nd-daulah, 54.
Muḥammad Ja'far, Sayyid, of Narnol, poet, 41.
Muḥammad Karim, 38.
Muḥammad Khān Bangash, 35.
Mukhalingesvara, temple of, 110.