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deemed reasonable, then Vidyādhara's time falls during the rule of Nșsimha Dēva I., and not of Nșsiniha Dēva II. Before concluding this article I may point out that I am not satis
fied with the time at, and the locality in Sāhityadarpaņa: its date and place.
which, the Sahitya darpana is said to have
been composed. Dr. Weber following Pandit Jaganmohan Çarman in the preface to his edition of Caņda-kançika, said that “the Sāhitya-darpana was only composed towards the middle of the 15th century in East Bengal on the banks of the Brahmaputra" [Hist. Ind. Lit., p. 231, note 244]. Prof. Macdonell evidently adopts this view [Sans. Lit., App. p. 434].
How far this conclusion is based on facts, and how far on mere traditions I do not know. But the Sāhitya-darpaşa itself does not support it. From the verse and comments quoted above, it is clear that Candraçēkhara, father of Viçvanātha, was a contemporary of a Bhānu Dāva; and if of Bhānu Dāva I., then, Viçvanātha lived during the rule of his son, Nýsimha Dēva II. [A.D. 1279-1306], or at the latest during the rule of his grandson Bhānu Dāva II. [A.D. 1306-1328]. In the vrtti to Kārika 266, a Mahomedan king, Allāpadīna, is named, which may refer to the Delhi Sultān, 'Alā-ud-din Mas'ûd Shāh [A.D. 12411246), or to the later and greater king, 'Alā-ud-din Muḥammad Shāh [A.D. 1295-1315]. One stanza in praise of a king NȚsiṁha is quoted in the vștti to kār. 671 ; but it is not to be found in the Ēkāvalī. The other historical allusions are Suratrāņa, or Sultan [vr. to kār. 686.], Gaud-ēndra [vr. to kār. 17], and Tri-Kalinga-bhūmi-tilaka [ur. to kār. 258].
From the references above quoted with others to Kalinga [vr. to kār. 13, 15, and 17], to Rāghavānanda [vr. to kār. 3 and 120], and to Mahima Bhatta's vyakti-vivēka [ur. to kār. 2 and 257], Viçvanātha would seem to be an author not of East Bengal, but of Orissa ; while his time would be at least not later than the beginning of the 14th century A.D.
Viçvanātha evidently came of a learned family. His great-greatgrandfather, Nārāyaṇa, (vr. to kar. 33], and his grandfather's younger brother Caņņidāsa [vr. to kār. 266, and 60], are described as leading scholars. His father, Candraçēkhara, was a minister and a scholar, and has been referred to in nine places, while his poem Puspa-mālā and Prākşta work Bhāş-ārņava have been specially mentioned. Viç vanātha quotes frequently from his own works (56 times as mama), and men. tions or quotes from, as his own works, Kuvalayācua-caritam, a Prāksta poem (2 times), Candrakalā, a nātikā (7 times), Prabhāvatī-parinayam, a drama (10 times), Praçasti-ratnavāli, a work in 16 bhāṣās (1 time), and Rāghavavilāsa, a Mahākāvya (2 times).
In the-Sähitya-darpana I have been unable to find out any quotation from or any mention of the Ēkāvali, a fact which may somewhat go in favour of Ekávalī's later date. Can Cõțagaŋga's son Umā. vallabha be connected in any way with the Umāvallabha of Candraçēkhara's stanza ? Mahima Bhatta is quoted in Alaykārā-sarvasva as vyakti-vivēka-kāra, and is there quoted as an authority; while Alankārasarvasva-kāra is quoted in the Ekāvali as an authority. A fairly long time should therefore be allowed between Mahima Bhatta and Vidyā dhara, a fact wbich lends some support to the identification of Candraçēkhara's Umāvallabha, Cõşaganga's son.
[As the transliteration of Sanskrit words in this Volume is not uniform, the
Anasāgar, lake, 47.
Aniyanka Bhima, see Ananga Bhima.
Añka, system of calculating regnal
Āramyā, town, 110.
Arimalla, king, 8.
Arjuna, king of Malwa, 124, 143.
Asad Khān, 37.
Asadallāh Khān, 46, 57.
Atirtba, class of Brahmins, 92.
Aurangzeb, see Alamgir.
'Azīm-usb-shān, prince, 38.
'Azīz Khan Rohilah Caghtā Bahādur, 46.
A‘zzo-d-dīn, prince, 41.
daughter of, married to Far.
Bagchi, see Rudra and Sadhu.
Bahādur Shāh, Moghul Emperor, 37.
Baladeva, king, 6.
Banepa, dynasty of, 16, 30.
Bara pulah, locality, 60.
Barbah, Sağyids of, 35.
Barendra Brahmans of Bengal, 91.
Basarh, identification of, 89.
Bendall, Prof. C., article by, on the
history of Nepal, 1.
Bengal, invasion of, by Orissa king, 121.
Bengalis, character of, 36.
Bhānu Deva I., king, 125.
Bhāna Deva II., king, 129.
Bhāna Deva, III., king, 134.
110. Bhānu Deva, (I. ?), king, 144.
Fīrūz Shah' Taghlaq, Delhi Sultan, 136.
Bhāgärnava, Prakrit work, 146.
, country, 136.
kings of 31.
, Champaran, 20.
Gabet, see Hao and Gabet.
image of, 134, 135.
kings of, 31.
Dakhin, şübah, 59.
Devaladevi, princess, 11.
Nepal, 10, 14.
Eastern Ganga kings of Orissa, chro-
Ikhtiyar-ud-din Yüzbak-i-Taghril Kbān,
nology of, 97.
date of, 142.
age, M., Tibetan scholar, 69.
Körös, Alexander Czoma de, Tibetan dio
tionary of, 67. Krishna Sarma, n. pr., 88. Kulin, class of Brahmans, 92. Kallaka Bhatta, author, 93. Kulottunga Cola I., king, 108. Kuvalayāśvacarita, Prakrit poem, 146.
Lahiri, class of Brahmans, 92.
Macerata, Cassian di, Tibetan diction.
I'tibār Khān, eunuch, 57.
Jäschke, Tibetan dictionary of, 66, 68.
ary of, 66.
Kamadeva, class of Brahmans, 92.
Saltan of Jaunpur,
Madanaratnapradipa, author of, 20.
by, on the chronology of the Eastern,
Ganga Kings of Orissa, 97. Muditakuvalayāsvanāțaka, drama, 2. Magbals, Later, history of, 33.
Turani and Irani sections of, 34. Muḥammad Amin Khan I'timád.nd-daa.