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deemed reasonable, then Vidyādhara's time falls during the rule of Nrsimha Dāva I., and not of Nrsimha Déva II. Before concluding this article I may point out that I am not satisfied with the time at, and the locality in which, the Sãhitya darpana is said to have been composed. Dr. Weber following Pandit Jaganmohan Qarman in the preface to his edition of Canda-kangika, said that “the Sãhitya-darpana was only composed towards the middle of the 15th century in East Bengal on the banks of the Brahmaputra” [Hist. Ind. Lit., p. 231, note 244]. Prof. Macdonell evidently adopts this view [Sans. Lit., App. p. 434]. How far this conclusion is based on facts, and how far on mere traditions I do not know. But the Sãhitya-darpana itself does not support it. From the verse and comments quoted above, it is clear that Candraçěkhara, father of Viçvanātha, was a contemporary of a Bhānu Dāva; and if of Bhānu Déva, I., then, Viçvanātha lived during the rule of his son, Ntsimha Dāva II. [A.D. 1279-1306], or at the latest during the rule of his grandson Bhānu Dāva II. [A.D. 1306-1328]. In the vrtti to Kârikâ 266, a Mahomedan king, Allāpadāna, is named, which may refer to the Delhi Sultān, ‘Alā-ud-din Mas'ad Shāh [A.D. 12411246], or to the later and greater king, ‘Alā-ud-din Muhammad Shāh [A.D. 1295-1315]. One stanza in praise of a king Nrsimha is quoted in the vrtti to kär. 671; but it is not to be found in the Ekävali. The other historical allusions are Suratrâna, or Sultan [vr. to kär. 686.], Gaud-éndra [vr. to kär. 17], and Tri-Kalinga-bhūmi-tilaka [vr. to kär. 258]. ... / From the references above quoted with others to Kalinga [vr. to kär. 13, 15, and 17], to Rāghavānanda [vr. to kär. 3 and 120], and to Mahima. Bhatta's vyakti-vivéka [vr. to kär. 2 and 257], Viçvanātha would seem to be an author not of East Bengal, but of Orissa; while his time would be at least not later than the beginning of the 14th century A.D. Viçvanātha evidently came of a learned family. His great-greatgrandfather, Nārāyana, [vr. to kar. 33], and his grandfather's younger brother Candidasa [wr. to kär. 266, and 60], are described as leading scholars. His father, Candraçãkhara, was a minister and a scholar, and has been referred to in nine places, while his poem Puspa-mălă and Prākrta work Bhās-àrnava have been specially mentioned. Viçvanātha quotes frequently from his own works (56 times as mama), and mentions or quotes from, as his own works, Kuvalayågva-caritam, a Prākrta poem (2 times), Candrakalā, a nätikā (7 times), Prabhāvatī-parinayam, a drama (10 times), Praçasti-ratnavālā, a work in 16 bhāsās (1 time), and Rāghavavilāsa, a Mahākāvya (2 times). A
Sāhityadarpana: its date and place.
In the-Sāhitya-darpana I have been unable to find out any quotation from or any mention of the Ekävali, a fact which may somewhat go in favour of Ekävali's later date. Can Cöraganga's son Umāvallabha be connected in any way with the Umāvallabha of Candragékhara's stanza, P Mahima Bhatta is quoted in Alapkārā-sarvasva as vyakti-viveka-kāra, and is there quoted as an authority; while Alamkārasarvasva-kāra is quoted in the Ekävali as an authority. A fairly long time should therefore be allowed between Mahima Bhatta and Vidyādhara, a fact which lends some support to the identification of Candra
[As the transliteration of Sanskrit words in this Volume is not uniform, the
tic Society of Bengal, has been followed in this Index.
be looked for under S, not under Q.]
Abdul-Jalil, Shaikh, 38.
Thus words with at should
Anasägar, lake, 47.
Bagchi, 8ee Rudra and Sadhu.
Bhāgārnava, Prakrit work, 146.
, cowntry, 136.
Dakhin, Sabah, 59.
Eastern Gańga kings of Orissa, chro-
nology of, 97.
Fage, M., Tibetan scholar, 69.
Firüz Shāh'Tughlaq, Delhi Sultan, 136.
Gabet, see Huo and Gabet.
Ikhtiyār-ud-din Yüzbak-i-Taghril Khān,
Ināyat-ul-lāh Khān, 37. ^*.
Indirá, queen, 109, 113.
Indradeva, king, 7.
Irani, see Mughal.
Irwine, W., article by, on the later
Islām Khān Mashhadi, 56.
Jfischke, Tibetan dictionary of, 66, 68.
Kamadeva, class of Brahmans, 92.
Sultan of Jaunpur,
Körös, Alexander Czoma de, Tibetan dic-
Lahiri, class of Brahmans, 92.
Macerata, Cassian di, Tibetan diction-
34. Muhammad Amin Khan I'timād-ud-dau
lah, 54. Muhammad Ja‘far, Sayyid, of Narnol,