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A.H.), 10 zodiacal rupees (5 signs), and a half rupee

of Nür Jahān and Jahāngir of the Sürat mint.

Æ. Ahmadābād coin struck in the name of Salim.
Shāh Jahăn. --A. Daulatābād.

R.-Kashmir, Daulatābād, Ujain.

Æ.-Akbarābād, Bairāt, Debli. Two coins of the Multān mint (one in gold and one in silver) are dated 33 (julus)=1069 (A. H.) Aurangzeb.-R. Alamgirpūr, Gwālior, Kābul, Nārnol, Chināpatan,

Machhlipatan, Makhsūsābād, Ahsanābād, and a

Nithār of Shāhjahānābād.

Æ.-Multān, Haidarābād, Bairāt' and Akbarābād.
Shah Alam Bahādur.-R. Multān, Chināpatan, Junagarh, Sirhind,

Karimābād and Ahmadnagar.
Farrukh Siyar.-R. Murshidābād, Barhāppar, Gwālior.

Æ.-Sürat (?)
Rafë-ud-darjat.-R. Ujain.
Muhammad Shah.-A. Kora.

R.-Ujain, Islamābād, Elichpår.

Æ.-Machhlipatan.
Ahmad Shah.-R. Mahindrapur.
Alamgir 11.-R. Balwantnagar, Baldat-i-Safa, Murādābād and

Najibābād.

Æ.-Najibābād.
Shah Jahan III.-R. Ahmadābād, Mahindrapür.
Shah Alam II.-R. Najibābād, Morādābād, Narwar, Deogarh,

Srinagar, Gohad, Gokalgarh, Bhopal,
Mominābād Brindaban, Husaidābād,
Jammun, Islāmābād Mathura, Pānipat,
Najibgarh, Krishnagar, Hardwar, Muzaf-

fargarh and Sahāranpūr.
A.-Narwar, Najibābād, Sahāranpar, Islāmābād

Mathura, Muninābād, Kachrauli, Baroda,

Brindaban, Najafgarh.
Bedār Bakht. A1.-Ahmadābād.
Akbar II. R.-Muzaffargarh, Dholpur, Sheopur, Braj Indrapur

and Gohad.
Æ.-Ahmadābād, Baroda, Jodhpur and Jaipur.

Ed.

23. RUPEES OF AKBAR OF THE ALLAHABAD MINT.

A recent find of 21 silver coins in the Rai Bareli district of Oudh contained 9 rupees of Akbar struck at Allahābād, of which three were dated 46 Ilāhi and four 47 Ilāhi. These rupees, especially those of the former year, are very scarce. The coins were acquired by Government and are in the Lucknow Museum.

Ed. 24. ON TWO RECENT MINT LISTS. The current year (1904) has witnessed the publication of two noteworthy Lists of Mints-one prepared by Dr. Oliver Codrington, I.M.S., and forming not the least valuable portion of his invaluable “ Manual of Musalmān Numismatics"; the other compiled by Mr. R. Burn, I.C.S., and communicated to the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. The former List is characterised in a marked degree by the special qualities that distinguish the “Manual" as a whole. In order to its preparation not only scholarship and skill, but, that much rarer qualification, the faculty for patient plodding was requisite, inasmuch as the entire range of literature on the numerous classes of coins bearing either Arabic or Persian legends would seem to have been placed under contribution. It is not strange then that the resultant Mint List has assumed somewhat formidable proportions. It comprises in all the names of no less than 1,067 mints ranging from Spain in the Far West to Malaysia in the Far East. Of the various coin-groups included in this aggregate List that of the Mughal Em-perors of India-or, as the "Manual," in the effort after brevity, styles them, of the “ Dehli Emperors "-is not the least extensive. We find here registered 189 Indian Mughal Mints, a sufficiently remarkable advance upon the 80 recorded in the Coin Catalogue of the British Museum, or the 105 in the Lāhor Museum Catalogue. In a work covering so vast a range, yet all comprised within 240 pages, one cannot in fairness expect detailed information regarding the coin-issues from the individual mints. It is just this detail, however, that Mr. Burn's Mint List supplies in abundant measure.

From it we learn not merely the names of the Mughal Mints in India, but the reigns during which each several mint was in operation, and for coin-collectors most welcome information—a cabinet in which can to-day be found specimens, whether in gold or silver or copper, of the coins struck at the different mints in the different reigns. As to place, this List is restricted to Indian Mints; and as to time, to the three centuries preceding the Indian Mutiny: yet, notwithstanding this comparatively narrow range, no less than 204 mints fail to be registered. Thus the two Lists, Dr. Codrington's and Mr. Burn's, will be found to supply material mutually complementary. Their almost simultaneous publication has placed coin-collectors, and especially those in this country, under a debt of more than ordinany obli. gation; and the two Lists together constitute quite the most valuable contribution of recent years to the study of (modern) Indian Namismatics.

The following notes on these two Lists may perhaps be of use for reference. A. Re Oodrington's Lists.

Mints of "Dehli Emperors ;" Total 189.
Bat Atak and Atak Banāras are merely variant names of one mint.
Similarly Aḥmadnagar Farrukhābād and Farrukhābād ;

Akhtarnagar Awadh and Awadh ;
Urdū, Urdū dar rāh-i-Dakhin, and Urdū Zafar Qarin;
Indrapūr, Braj Indrapur, Maharandurpār, and Mahapūr;
Aujan and Ujain;
Banāras and Muḥammadabād Banāras ;
Dāral tasawwur and Jodhpār;
Zinat al Bilād and Ahmadabād ;
Sawā'i Jaipūr and Jaipūr;
Sitāpūr and Sitpūr;
Shāhābād Qanauj and Shergah Qananj;
Mustaqirral Mulk and Akbarabād ;
Mūminābad and Bindrāban

l; Nāgpūr and Nāgor. *Thus the total number of mint falls by 18, that is to say from 189 to 171,

Further, the following mint-names are too doubtful to be accepted for inclusion :

Ajāgūr, Jalūnābad, Kānān, Kāndi, Kalkata, and Nagar.
Hence the total 171 falls now to 165.

However, in Codrington's List (but not in Burn's) " Hasanabad or Husainabad" is counted as only one mint. It seems safer to regard them as two, Hasnābād and Husainābād: in which case the total rises

* In conformity with the prevailing practice both variants have been retained in the case of the following well-known doublets :-Agra and Akbarābād, Dehli and Shahjahānābād, Aurangābād and Khujista Bunyäd, Patna and 'Azimabad, Makhşaşābåd and Murshidabid.

..

from 165 to 166. Of these 166 mints 23 are not recorded in Burn's List. B. Re Burn's List.

Mints of the Mughal Emperors of India : Total 204.

Here also each of the following groups contains merely variant names of a single mint:

Atak and Atak Banāras ;
Akhtarnagar Awadh and Awadh.
Urdu, Urdū dar rāh-i-Dakhin, and Urdū Zafar Qarin;
Aşafābād Bareli and Bareli;
Banāras, Muhammadābād Banaras, and Banāras Sirsa ;
Dār al Jibād and Haidarābād ;
Dār al tasawwur and Jodhpūr;
Salimgash Ajmir and Ajmir;
Shāhābād Qanauj, Shergash Qanauj, Shergaph and Qanauj;
Braj Indrapur and Maha Indrapür;
Mūminābād and Bindrāban;

Nāgpūr and Nāgor; and, as before, Ajāyūr, Būtān, Jalūnabād, Kānān, and Nagar scarcely justify their claim to admission.

Hence the total in this List falls from 204 to 183. Of this latter number 40 are absent from Codrington's List.

C. The following are the 143 mints common to both Lists :

N.B.--In this sub-list a mint's variant names are indicated by letters (b, c, and d), and the rejected mint-names by brackets. These lettered or bracketed mints may, or may not, be common to the two Lists. They are not included in making up any of the totals.

1. Etāwa or Etāwā; 2. Atak, 26. Aţak Banāras ; (Ajāgūr) ; 3. Ajmir, 36. Salimgarh Ajmir ; 4. Aḥsanābād ; 5. Aḥmadābād ; 6. Aḥmadnagar; 7. Udaipur; 8. Urdā, 86. Urdū dar rāh-i-dakhin, 8c. Urdū Zafar Qarın; 9. Arkāt; 11. Islāmābād; 14. Asir; 16. A'zamnagar; 17. Akbarābād; 18. Akbarpūr; 19. Akbarnagar; 20. Āgra; 22. Ilahābād; 23. Imtiyāzgash 23b. Imtiyāzgash Adoni; 24. Amirkot; 25. Indrapūr, 256. Braj Indrapūr, 25c. Maha Indrapūr, (Mabarandurpūr), (Maharpūr); 26. Anwlā; 27. Ūjain or Ujjain ;. (Aujan); 28. Awadh, 286. Akhtarnagar Awadh ; 29. Aurangābād ; 30. Aurangnagar; 32. Eliohpūr; 38. Burhānpūr; 39. Bareli, 396. Aşafābād Bareli; 43. Banāras, 436. Banāras Sirsa, 43c. Muhammadābād Banāras; 44. Bindrāban, 446. Mūminābād Bindrāban; 45. Bandar Shāhi;

ܪ

47. Bankāpūr; 48. Bangāla; (Butān); 49. Bahğdurpattan;

53. Bharatpūr; 55. Bhakkar or Bakkar or Bhakkar; 57. Bhilsa ; 58. Bijāpūr; 49. Bairāta ; 60. Pānipat; 61. Pattan Dev; 62. Patna; 63. Panjnagar; 66. Peshāwar or Pěshāwar; 68. Tatta; 71. Jalālpūr; (Jalūnābād); 72. Jalair or Jālair; 73. Jammū or Jammūn; 74. Jodhpūr; 75. Jaunpūr; 76. Jūnagarh ; 78. Jhānsī; 81. Jahāngirnagar; 82. Jaipūr, 82b. Sawā'i Jaipūr; 84. Chachrauli or Chhachrauli; 85. Chunār; 87. Chitor or Chaitaur; 88. Chināpattan; 89. Hafizābād; 90. Hasnabād (perhaps Ahsanābād); 91. Husainābād; 92. Ķişār, 926. Hişār Firoza; 93. Haidarābād ; 94. Khārpār; 95. Khujista Bunyad; 96. Khairpūr; (Dār al jihād); (Dār al taşawwur); 99. Dāmlā; 100. Dil. shādābād; 101. Dogām or Dogānw or Adogām; 102. Daulatābād; 103. Dehli; 104. Dera; 105. Dingaph; 107. Dewal; (Zinat al bilād); 112. Sārangpūr;

115. Sironj; 116. Srinagar; 119. Sürat; 120. . Sahāranpūr; 121. Sahrind or Sarhind'; (Sitāpūr); 125. Shāhjahānābād; 126. Sholāpūr; 128. Sherpūr;

128. Sherpūr; 129. Zafarābād; 130. Zafarpār; 131. • Zafarnagar; 132. 'Alamgirpūr; 134. 'Azimābād; 135. Fathābād Dhārūr; 136. Fathpūr; 137. Farrukhābād, 1376. Aḥmadnagar Farrukhābād; 138. Farrukhnagar; 139. Firozpūr; 140. Firoznagar; 141. Qamarnagar; 142. Qandabā!; 143. Qanauj; 1436. Shāhābād Qanauj, 143c. Shergaph Qanauj; 143d. Shergașh; 144. Kābul; 145. Kālpi; (Kānān); (Kāndi); 147. Katak; 148. Kachrauli (perhaps Chachrauli); 151. Karimābād; 152. Kashmir; 153. Kalānūr; (Kalkata); 154. Korā; 155. Khanbāyat or Kanbāyat; 157. Gulburga or Kalburga; 158. Gulkanda; 159. Gangpūr; 160. Gwāliār; 161. Govindpür; 162. Gūti; 163. Gorakhpar or Gorakpūr; 164. Gokalgaph; 165. Lāhor; 166. Lakhnau; 167. Lahri Bandar; 168. Mālpūr; 169. Mänikpūr; 172. Mathurā Islāmābād; 174. Machhlipattan; (Muhammadābād-Udaipūr or Champānır or Kālpi or Muḥammadābād Banāras); 175. Muhammadnagar; 176. Makhşūşābād; 178. Murādābād; 179. Murshidābād; 180. Mustafa-ābād ; 181. Muzaffarābād; 182. Muzaffargash; 183. Mu'azzamābād; 184. Multān; 185. Maliknagar; 186. Mulbārnagar; 187, Mumbai, 1876. Mumbai Sürat; 188. Mandâ ; 189. Mahisūr; 190. Mirath; 191. Mailāpūr; 192. Nārnol; 193. Nāgpür or Nāgor; 195. Najafgash; 196. Najībābād; 200. Nuşratābād; (Nagar); 206. Hardwār.

Undermentioned are the 23 mints present in Dr. Codrington's List but not in Mr. Burn's :

10. Asfir?; 15. I'zābād ? ; 34. Budāun; 35. Badakhshān; 46 Binda; 51. Bhāwalpūr; 67. Tānda; 69. Jālandar; 70. Jalālābād; 77. Jahānābād; 79. Jahāngirābād; 80. Jahāngirpūr; 83. Chitrakūt or Chatarkot or Chatarkoh; 86. Champānir; 108. Rānajin?; 117.

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