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8 Jumādā II-3 Rajab 1014=6-30 Aban 50 of Salīm. 4 Rajab
1014=1 Āzar 4 Sha'ban 1014=1 Dai
50 5 Ramazan 1014=1 Bahman
50 5 Shawwāl
1014=1 Isfandārmuz 50 11 Zu'l qa'da
1014=New Year's day of Ist solar year in
Jahāngir's reign, corresponding
to 10 March, O.S., 1606.
1 Farwardin 2 of Salim. 11 Za'l þijja
1014=1 Ardibihisht 2 11 Muharram
2 11 Safar
1015=1 Tir 12 Rabi' I
1015=1 Amardād 1015-1 of Jahāngir. 12 Rabi' II
1015=1 Shahriwar 2015-1 13 Jumādā I
101531 Mihr 1015-1 13 Jumādā II
1015=1 Ăbạn 1015-1 14 Rajab
1015=1 Āzar 1015-1 14 Sha bạn
1015-1 15 Ramazan
1 Brit. Mus. Catal. of Indian Coins-the Maghal Emperors, page lxii. Also Cunningham's Book of Indian Eras, p. 225.
% Cf. D. E. VI. 284. The date 8 Jumādā ii, 1014 A.H., corresponds not to the 12th but to the 11th October, 1605 A.D.
8 D. E. VI. 290, note 2.
4 1014 H. was an intercalary year, and thas its month Zu'l șijja contained 30 days.
1915=1 Isfandārmuz 1015-1 of Jahāngir. 21 Zu'l qa'da
1015 =New Year's day of 2nd solar year in
Jahāngir's reign.l=10 March, O.S.,
= 1 Farwardin 1015-2 of Jahāngir. 21 Dhu'l hijja
1015=1 Ardibihisht 1015-2 22 Muharram
1016=1 Khurdad 1016-2 22 Şafar
1016-2 23 Rabi' I
1016-1 Amardad 1016-2 23 Rabi' II
1016=1 Shahiiwar 1016-2 24 Jumādā I
1016-2 24 Jumāda II
1016-2 25 Rajab
1016-2 25 Shaobăn
1016-2 26 Ramadan
1016=1 Bahman 1016-2 26 Shawwal
1016=1 Isfandārmuz1016-2 2 Za'l hijja
1016=New Year's day of 3rd solar year in
Jahāngir's reign. =9 March, O.S.
-1 Farwardin 1016-3 of Jahangir. 2 Muharram
1017=1 Ardibihisht 1017-3 2 Şafar
1017 =1 Khurdād 1017-3
&c. From this Table it appears that the Salīmi coins find their place between Akbar's and Jabāngir's, and that the period of their issue covered nine consecutive months. In complete accord with the arrange. ment indicated in the Table my collection shows, either in silver or in copper, Akbar's coins struck month by month from Farwardin till Milir of the Ilāhi year 50, but none later than Mihr. Next in evidence are the Salimi coins of the year 50 beginning with Ābān (Pl. I. 6) and continuing without a break till Isfandārmuz (Pl. I. 7. 8).; and thereafter month by month from Farwardin till Tīr (Pl. J. 9. 10) the Salīmi coins of the year 2. Then follow, last of all, the “heavy rupees” of Jahāngir, dated not 1014-1 but 1015-1, 1015-2, 1016-2, 1016-3, &c.
In support of the opinion that the Salimi coins of the year 50 precede those of the year 2, one further piece of evidence is noteworthy. Ex hypothesi, the first Salīmi coins to be struck were those of Ābān 50.
1 Cf. D. E. VI, 302. On line 12 of page 302 correct 22nd to 21st, and 1603 to 1607.
% D. E. VI, 316. 1016 H. being an intercalary year, its month Za'l hijja contained 30 days.
Now it is precisely the coins of this month that differ in their legend from all subsequent issues. The difference consists largely but not solely in the arrangement of the words, and extends both to the obverse and to the reverse.
The coins gtruck in the following month, Azar, are of that modified type which was maintained till the close of the series. Now the explanation of this change is clear if, as our theory assumes, the Ābān coins were the first struck. They simply did not meet with complete approval. The obverse was pronounced too crowded and the reverse too diffuse. Orders were accordingly given to omit altogether the one word Ilāhi and further to so rearrange the component words of the legend that a portion only should find a place on the obverse and the remainder on the reverse. The new dies were ready before the coins of the second month were struck, and thereafter, so long as the Salimi series issued, no further variation was deemed necessary.
This Ābān 50 rupee is an evident link between Akbar's of the preceding month and Salim's of the succeeding. While its obverse bears Salim's name and the Salīmi legend, its reverse is identical in type with the reverse of the rupees struck at Aḥmadābād in the last year of Akbar's reign.
Geo. P. TAYLOR,
6. The copper coinage of Murad Bakhsh son of Shāhjahān. Pl. I. 11.
When Shāhjahān fell ill in A. H. 1067 (1657 A.D.) and his sons asserted their claims to the throne of the Mughal, Murād Bakhsh was in Gujarāt. The mints from which he issued coins in his own name were confined to that province.
His silver coins are not infrequently met with struck at either Aḥmadābād, Sürat or Cambay (Khambāyat). The gold coins are extremely scarce and but one or two struck at Aḥmadābād are known. One of these is figured in the British Museum Catalogue (No. 692). Hitherto his copper coinage has been anknown. Mr. Framjee Jamasjee Thanawala, of Bombay, however, was fortunate in securing two specimens of dâms (fulūs) struck by Murād Bakhsh at Sürat, and one of these he has kindly presented to me. The coins are of the usual size of Akbarī dām and weigh 316 and 333 grains, respectively. They bear the following legends :
7. A coronation medal of the first king of Oudh. PL. II. Obverse.—Bust of king, three quarters face in high relief, crowned and garlanded-within circular area-remaining ground occupied by flowered tracery-marginal legend in florid characters beginning under the king's left shoulder.
سکه زد برسیم و زر از فضل رب ذو المذن غازي الدین حیدر عالي نسب شاه زمن سنة إحد
Reverse:- Arms of the king in high relief within circular area. Two lions rampant holding flags on each of which appears a fish. Between them a dagger (katār) surmounted by a crown. Below the flags two fishes forming a circle, head to head below streamer. In righthand corner of area the letter Marginal legend beginning opposite the right flag.
هزار سال باشي تو در زمان خدا
تا هزار سال شاها بقاي عبر تو بادا
Weight. -1,260 grs. Size 2:6".
This interesting medal was obtained in Allahabad whither it had been brought from Jhunsi in the Allahabad district. It apparently commemorates the assumption by Ghāziuddin Haidar of regal dignity in October, 1819 (1234 A. H.). This monarch was the eldest son of Nawāb Sa'ādat Ali Khān of Awadh and had five years previously succeeded his father as Nawāb Wazir. At this coronation ceremony the crown was delivered to the king by the British Resident. Ghāzī-uddin Haidar reigned as king of Awadh for eight years. One of the titles assumed by him at his coronation was Shāh-i-Zaman, and this title appears on the medal. Beyond the day diw on the obverse, which doubtless refers to the first year of the newly assumed sovereignty, there is no date recorded, nor does the reverse legend appear to be a chronogram. The workmanship is of a high order, and the appearance on the medal of the king's portrait contrary to orthodox custom indicates that the design was probably entrusted to some European artist. An oil-painting and a marble bust representing the king similarly diademed and arrayed are in the Lucknow Museum, but the name of the artist has in neither case been preserved. A second specimen is in the cabinet of Mr. R. Burn, O.S., and was also obtained in Allahabad.
H. N. WRIGHT, C.S.