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النشر الإلكتروني

II. In H. 982 and thereafter for several years the Fulūs exhibited a design more elaborate and ornate (Fig 2). On the obverse the honorific epithet Dār-al-saltanat was associated with the mint name Ahmadābād, and across both the obverse and the reverse was inscribed a diameter of dots flanked both above and below by a straight line Thus : Obv.

Rov.

دو هشتاد

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في نهصد

ب فله

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III. In supersession of this variety there appeared in the year Ilahi 38 (H. 1001), or perhaps earlier, a third form of Falās (Fig. 3.) of a markedly different design, the reverse inscription being entirely new. From the obverse legend both the technical term wgue and the mint's title Dār-al-saltanat are omitted, so that only the two words Fūlus Ahmadābād survive. On the reverse above the dotted and linear diameter the term Ilabi is written in full, with its final ye swooping backwards right across the coin, while to the right we have in figures the year of issue dating from the Ilahi era. The lower half of the reverse is reserved for the Persian name of the month of issue. Thus

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My cabinet contains a sub-variety of this type of Fulūs (Fig 4) in which the ornamental diameter composed of dots and lines is wanting on both obverse and reverse. (6) Obv.

Rev.

احمد آباد

۳۸ الی بهمن

فلوس

Mr. Framji also possesses a Fulūs of this type (b) of the same year but of the month Dai.

A second sub-variety (Fig.5) is represented in my collection but again by only a single specimen. This coin differs but slightly from the normal type (a). The final ye of the word Ilahi in the reverse legend is now protruded instead of retracted, and the figures indicating the Ilahi year of issue are placed not to the right but to the left. Thus :(c) Obv. Same as, (a)

Rev.

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الهی ۳۸

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Two remarkable specimens of the Fulūs are entered in the Indian Museum (Cal.) Catalogue. The obverse of each of the two is identical with that of A. III (a). The reverse, however, in one of the coins exhibits the two halves of the reverse of A. III (a) in inverted position, the normal upper half occupying the lower portion of this coin, and the normal lower

. half the upper portion. Thus

In the second coin, the reverse

.امر داد

مع اله

which is only partially legible, is entered as the ... of Spor Both these coins

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are of 80 exceptional a character that a full account of them is much to be desired.

B. THE TANKA.
Large Tanka: weight, 640 grains : diameter 1'1 inch.
Small
320

9
1

160

•7 80

-65 The earliest known specimen of an Akbari tanka from the Ahmadābād mint is dated the month Amardād of the Ilahi year 44, (Fig. 6). The tanka, in one or other of its denominations (large, small, #small, small), issued from that mint during the next two years. Its legends read as follows: Obv.

Rev.

1 4

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تنگه اکبر شاه ضرب احمد آباد

عرعر الهی امرداد

The reverse inscription is thus, it will be seen, of a type identical with that on the special variety of Fulūs denoted above as A. III (6).

It may here be remarked that the sub-divisions, whether of the Fulūs or of the Tanka, are not expressed on the coins themselves. A Fulūs and similarly the Tanka, of any denomination, large or small, is styled simply a Falūs or Tanka and is so inscribed.

0.--THE TANKI OR TANKI.

Chau Tānki: weight, 250 grains : diameter, .8 inch.
Do
125

-65
Yak
62

•5 The year Ilahi 46 witnessed the last change that was to be made in Akbar's copper coinage at Aḥmadābād. From that year till the close of his reign the Tănki took the place of the Tanka (Fig. 7 and 8). The new coin was issued in three denominations, known as the Chau (or Four) Tānkī, the Do (or Two), and the Yak (or One), and on each was inscribed its own special designation. With this exception the legend on

J. 1. 14

the Tānki was the same as on the Tanka, the component words, however, being differently arranged. Thus:-I. (a) Obv.

Rev.

اکبر شاهی

چو تانک

فروز دين الله ۴۸ احمد اباد

ضرب

Two specimens of a Yak Tănki (not Tänki) are known, one in Mr. Wright's cabinet and the other in my own.

These exhibit on the reverse a still further variation in the arrangement of the words. Thas (fig 9.)— I. (6) Obv.

Rev.

۴۹ السمع احمدآباد اذر

ضرب

The year of issue is probably 49, but on both the specimens the figures are almost entirely obliterated.

In my collection are also two specimens of "mules," each dated Ilahi 44, Amardād, and bearing on both faces a legend identical with the normal reverse of a Tanka. Thus:

Obv. and Rev.

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عم الهی

امرداد

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The weight of one is 634 grains, and of the other 317, whence we may infer that they are in fact a large Tanka and small Tanka spoiled by some misadventure in the process of minting:

The following list registers all the dated Akbari coins of Aḥmadā. bād known to me. It also includes those coins of the rarer denominaa. tions whose dates are wholly or partially illegible.

N.B.- In this list the expression, say 45 (2, 3, 4, 7) indicates coins of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 7th months of the Ilahi year 45, that is to say, coins dated Ardibīhisht, Khürdad, Tīr, and Mihr of Ilahi 45 : and a like meaning, mutatis mutandis, attaches to all the other expressions having the same form. Thus x (x) denotes a coin of an unknown month of an unknown (Ilahi) year.

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Type III (6). Whole Folūs; Ilahi 38 (10) [Framji]; 38 (11).
Type III (C). Whole Falūs : Ilahi 38 (8).

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Chau Tänki

46 (9); 47 (1); ? 48 (2); 48 (4,7,9 x); 49 (1,

3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 12); 50 (1, 3, 5); 5 % (2, 4, 6, 7).

Type I (a). ... Do Tănki

46 (11); 47 (4); 4 x (10); 8 (4); xx (1, 6, x).

Yak Tānki

Xx(x).

Type I (b). Yak Tănki: ? 49 (9).

From this list it will be seen that within the limits of Akbar's

reign the following periods are still unrepresented by any copper coin of Ahmadābād :

H. 989–993; *

H. 996—Ilahi 38 (7); Deest

II. 42 (6)-44 (4);

Il. 46 (4)—46 (8). The coins as at present known may thus be ronghly classified as follows.

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* It should be borne in mind that in the year H. 991 coins were struck at Ahmadābād, by the ex-Sulțān, Muzaffar III, during the five months of his resumed sovereignty.

27. A New Mint of Aurangzeb.
R.
Weight, 177 grains.
Mint, Purbandar.
Date, 1116—4x.

Oby

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عالم گیر

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