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form distinct houses, most of which are uninjured by time; they com sist in general of a room fifteen feet square, forming a kind of op veranda, with an interior chamber of the same dimensions, to whi you gain admittance by a door; there are niches for lamps in mar and a place built up and covered in, apparently intended to he grain. Most of them had once been plastered with clay, and a few, when the form of the rock allowed of its being done, interior apartment is lighted by small windows. The houses the summit of the cliffs are now inaccessible, from the narrow cipitous paths by which they were approached having been away; and those at the base appear to have been occupied by poorer class of inhabitants, for many of them are merely irreg shaped holes, with a rudely constructed door. The rock in which t excavations have been made, is what I believe is called by geolo Conglomerate, being composed of a mass of rounded stones of al every variety of rock, embedded in hard clay ; it contains a large tity of salt (I think natron), which is seen in a thin film on the of all the chambers, and at two or three spots in the upper part ravine, where water drops from the overhanging crags.
It would be singular if such a place as Shuhr Roghane amongst a people so superstitious as the Noomrees without a leg some kind being attached to it, and they accordingly relate the ing story: In the reign of Solomon the excavated city was go by a king celebrated all over the East for his wisdom, and th beauty of his only daughter Buddul Tumaul ; she was belo seven young men, who from the great friendship existing them, were called by way of distinction " the seven friends," b perished one after the other in defending the object of their a from the designs of half a dozen demons, who, attracted by her ing beauty, made repeated attempts to carry her off. At this int period of her history Syful Mullik, son of the king of Egypt, a Shuhr Roghan, who being the handsomest map of his ti as brave as he was handsome, had been dispatched by his his travels, in the hope that by the way he might conquer a f doms for himself. The princess, as a matter of course, fell with him ; the demon lovers were in despair, and made a effort to carry her off when at her devotions, but were in the attempt by the prince. The father of the fai rewarded him for his gallantry with the hand of his daughte happy couple lived to reign for many years in peace and sec the excavated city. Such was the tale related to me by m ants, which forms the groundwork of a story written in tl
dressed personage, marched at their head, and carried a long white a loud shout, exclaiming "Hurrah for the holy saint of Hinglaj-we are going to visit our good grandmother-praises to Kalee, the holy
Hinglaj, the shrine to which they were proceeding, is situated about a day's journey from the sea-coast, at the extremity of the range of mountains. dividing Lus from Mukran, and is said to be of great antiquity. The temple is merely a small building erected on
de language, entitled, “ The Adventures of Syful Mullik with the Fairy
Buddul Tumaul.” I obtained a copy of the work at Kurachee.
A short distance above the entrance of the city, the broken precipitous ravine in which it is situated decreases in width to ten or twelve yards, and forms a deep natural channel in the rock. For about half a mile the cliffs are excavated on both sides to a considerable height, and taking the remains of houses into account, I think there cannot be less altogether than 1500. In one place a row of seven, in very good preservation, was pointed out by the guides as the residence of“ the seven friends," and further on we came to the grandest of all, the palace of Buddul Tumaul
. At this part, the hill, by the abrupt turning of the ravine, juts out in a narrow point, and towards the extremity forms a natural wall of rock about 300 feet high, and twenty feet thick ; half way up it had been cut through, and a chamber constructed, about twenty feet square, with the two opposite sides open ; it is entered by a passage leading through a mass of rock partly overhanging the ravine, and on the other side of the apartment two doors give admittance to two spacious rooms; the whole had once been plastered over, and from its situation must have formed a safe, commodious retreat. At the summit of the hill near it there is another building, which my attendants said was the mosque where the princess was rescued by Syful Mullik, when the demons attempted to carry her off. Having seen every thing worthy of notice in this troglodytic city, we quitted it, and returned to Beylah.
On the 21st the letter and presents for Government having been delivered to me by Ularacky, I left Beylah late in the afternoon, and on the evening of the 24th arrived at Soonmemy. On the road we met a party of fakeers proceeding to Hinglaj : they presented a most grotesque appearance, their faces besmeared with paint, and their ragged garments decorated with tufts of feathers, and a variety of irregular ornaments. Their agra, or chief, who was a portly, wellwand as the badge of his office. These poor wretches had collected
from all parts of India, and as we approached them they set up i
Hindoos and Mussulmen. It is dedicated to Kalee, the goddess of fate, and there is a large circular tank or well near it, which the natives say has been sounded to a very great depth, without bottom having been obtained; they relate that one of the priests employed himself for a whole year in twisting a rope for the purpose, but it was not long enough. Those who can swim, jump into the tank from an overhanging rock, and proceed through a subterranean passage to another part of the mountain, which is believed to purify them from their sins. There is also a species of divination practised by throwing a cocoanut forcibly into the water, and according as the bubbles rise in a larger or less quantity, the individual will be happy or miserable. This account of the place, which is celebrated al over India, was furnished by people who had been there severa times.
Memoir on the Province of Lus. The small province of Lus is about 100 miles long by 80 broad, a is bounded to the south by the sea, to the north by the Jahlaw hills, and to the east and west by ranges of high mountains, wh descend from the great mass occupying Beloochistan, and separat from Sinde and Mukran. Besides these, which terminate on the coast (one at Rus Mooaree, and the other 100 miles further to westward, near Rus Arubah) there is another spur sent off from Jahlawan hills, called Jebbal Hahro, which runs down the cent the province nearly to the coast, and divides it into two unequal tions. These three ranges are all of the same formation, princi coarse sandstone, and of the same average altitude, each being 3000 feet high.
The climate of Lus is subject to considerable variation ; in the season it is delightful, the atmosphere being clear, dry, and cool, the summer months it is as disagreeable from the excessive heat. ) my journey to Beylah, in the month of January, the therm stood at 35° for three mornings running, and it did not rise than 67° even in the hottest part of the day. Situated just the limits of the south west monsoon, and nearly encircled mountains, which not only reflect the sun's rays, but exclude th the heat in the summer season is intense ; and although the atm is occasionally cooled by refreshing showers, it is severely felt inhabitants.
The western division of the province, lying between the Ha Hinglaj mountains, is the smallest and least productive of
From that village to Beylah the face of the country every where presents the same appearance in its general features, and in the vicinity of the different streams a large portion of the land is under cultivation ; but beyond these spots it is either covered with saline bushes or thick tamarisk jungle, and from the poverty of the soil would not yield sufficient to repay the cultivator for his toil in clearing it. In some of the jungles the baubool (mimosa) is abundant, and in others the trees are withered and leafless for miles, and there is no sign of vegetation, save in the undergrowth beneath them. About and above Beylah the tamarisk and baubool almost entirely disappear, and are succeeded by a tree which from a short distance appears like a species of willow, and is so high and bushy, that at those places where it abounds it form thick and extensive woods; game is every where plentiful, but particu larly so on the eastern side of the valley; herds of antelopes an spotted deer are frequently seen in the open country, and the wild ho is sometimes found in the thickets; the jungles are full of hares an partridges, and the lakes and swamps swarm with water fowl of eve description.
On the banks of the Poorally and its tributary streams a la portion of the land is under cultivation ; and this is also the case al the eastern side of the valley, where there are several small lakes by the waters of the inundation : at these spots the soil is a mould, and yields abundant crops of wheat, jowaree, oil seed, cot and esculent vegetables. In the dry season most of the fields irrigated by cuts from the rivers, but some depend entirely the rains for a supply of water ;-on the former a tax is levi one-third, and on the latter of one-fifth of the produce.
The principal river of Lus is the Poorally, which rises to northward amongst the Jahlawan mountains, and issues upon valley through a deep ravine about nine miles to the N. W. of Be on leaving the hills it flows in several rivulets along a bed yards wide, but near Beylah it increases to nearly a mile in br and the water spreading over a large extent of ground forms a s sion of swamps; amongst these there are many small spring part of the land is turned to account in the cultivation of rice. Beylah the plain up to the foot of the hills is every where scored with the beds of rivulets and water courses, but th only filled during the inundation months, and then empty the into the Poorally. The first tributary stream of any size from the mountains to the N. E., and passing close along the e ground on which the capital is built, joins the river bel swamps ; opposite the town it is 700 yards broad, and when I