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ART. V.-Journal of the Mission which visited Bootan, in 1837-38,
under Captain R. Boileau PEMBERTON. By W. Griffith, Esq. Madras Medical Establishment.*
The Mission left Gowahatti on the 21st December, and proceeded a few miles down the Barrumpootur to Ameengoung, where it halted.
On the following day it proceeded to Hayoo, a distance of thirteen miles. The road, for the most part, passed through extensive grassy plains, diversified here and there with low rather barren hills, and varied in many places by cultivation, especially of surs00. One river was forded, and several villages passed.
Hayoo is a picturesque place, and one of considerable local note ; it boasts of a large establishment of priests, with their usual companions, dancing girls, whose qualifications are celebrated throughout all Lower Assam. These rather paradoxical ministers are attached to a temple, which is by the Booteas and Kampas considered very sacred, and to which both these tribes, but especially the latter, resort annually in large numbers. This pilgrimage, however, is more connected with trading than religion, for a fair is held at the same time. Coarse woollen cloths and rock salt form the bulk of the loads which each pilgrim carries, no doubt as much for the sake of profit as of penance. The village is a large one, and situated close to some low hills ; it has the usual Bengal appearance the houses being sur. rounded by trees, such as betel palms, peepul, banyan, and caoutchouc. To Nolbharee we found the distance to be nearly seventeen miles. The country throughout the first part of the march was uncultivated, and entirely occupied by the usual coarse grasses"; the remainder was one sheet of paddy cultivation, interrupted only by topes of bamboos, in which the villages are entirely concealed ; we found these very abundant, but small: betel palms continued very frequent, and each garden or enclosure was surrounded by a small species of screw pine, well adapted for making fences.
Four or five streams were crossed, of which two were not fordable : jheels were very abundant, and well stocked with water fowl and waders. At this place there is a small bungalow for the accommodation of the civil officer during his annual visit; it is situated close to a rather broad but shallow river. There is likewise a bund road.
We proceeded from this place to Dum Dumma, which is on the Bootan boundary, and is distant ten miles from Nolbharee.
We continued through a very open country, but generally less cultivated than
* Presented by the Government.