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in His Majesty's service in Bengal, and the comparative salubrity or otherwise of the different Stations for European Troops in this command.

As to the healthiness of the Stations occupied by H. Majesty's Troops in Bengal, the following abstract from their Sick Returns will serve so far, to afford the requisite information for a period of four years, as to their comparative degree of health from 1830 to 1833 inclusive.

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Among the Officers there were ten more deaths, but none of which occurred in any of the above Stations, viz.

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Giving the following proportions of deaths among the Officers His Majesty's service for four years, from 1830 to 1833 inclusive

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Among the Men also there were other deaths, not within the scope of the foregoing Statement; in consequence of which an abstract is give to include the whole of the casualties regimentally among all His Majesty's Troops throughout the Bengal command, for the period 1830 to 1833.

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Shewing the strength and deaths, and the ratio of deaths to strength, in His Majesty's Regiments, in the Bengal command.

Total Average

Total

Men,...... 33484

Total ratio of

strength. Deaths. deaths to strength per cent.
1601

4.78.

It is to be observed that the strength of the troops in this statement is as given in the Regimental Returns on the 1st January of each year, and which differs from the mean annual strength; the latter being 32041, the ratio of total deaths to it is 4.99. In the different Stations of His Majesty's Regiments in the Presidency of Bengal, there is so little difference in the periods and duration of the seasons, as well as in their general temperature and climate, that it is upon the innate features of each Station itself, and from the data afforded by

its Returns, that its comparative salubrity would appear to be best deduced.

The steadiness or mutability of the climate, or considerable anomalies of weather, or physical properties, seem more to influence the health of the troops than either its heat or its cold, abstractedly considered.

The causes of sickness in many Stations must be traced to other sources than climate.

The soil of Bengal being composed of alluvial matter, formed by the detritus carried down by the great rivers, and accumulated for ages, there is a poison in the exhalations of such soils, the nature of which is unknown; but from it emanate all those species and varieties of fevers, (dependent on marsh miasma as their remote cause) so frequent in Bengal, and to which one general character appertainsperiodicity, or remissions, and exacerbations.

A large proportion however of the cases of sickness and deaths among the European soldiers, may be more or less attributed to excesses, especially in the use of spirituous liquors.

The relative healthiness of each Station is according to the Returns, as follows, from 1830 to 1833 inclusive

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There are given Classification Tables, taken from the Regimental Returns, shewing the different classes, numbers, ages, and deaths, of the soldiers of His Majesty's service in Bengal for the years 1826 to 1833, viz.

Return of the different Classes of Men, Ages and Deaths of H. Majesty's Troops serving in the Bengal Command.

From 18 to 20 years.

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6

0 111

64

20 to 25

98 4

67

6 388

26 148

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25 to 30

150

15 119

2 213 23 210

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60

23 516 46 174

86

12

16

21 196

56 144

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22 231

35 263 14144 46 217 28 218

30 214

19 140 28 126 13 194

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1826.

CLASS.

Age.

Number.

Died.

11th Light

Dragoons,

from Bhurtpore.

Number, 16th Light.

Died.

Number.

Dragoons,
Lancers, from
Bhurtpore.

Died.

13th Light Infantry, from Ava.

Number.

Died.

Number.

Died

14th Foot, from Bhurtpore.

31st Foot, from Eng

land.

Number.

38th Foot, from Ava.

Died.

Number.

44th Foot,

from Ava.

Died

Number.

Died,

Number.

Died.

Number,

Died.

Number,

Died,

47th Foot, from Ava.

59th Foot, from Bhurtpore

87th Foot, from Ava.

Total.

Proportion of
Deaths to
Strength per

cent.

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1 2 8 5 58

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72

71,015 273

26.89

34 2,233 262

11-69

1226 51

1,869 273 421,619 191

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38 26 234

1,279 176

13.76

0

0

182

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1826 being the first year these Returns were required, the term "unknown," was applied to those men whose ages the Surgeons could not then ascertain, but afterwards, when ascertained, they were taken into their proper and respective classes.

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