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in His Majesty's service in Bengal, and the comparative salubrity or otherwise of the different Stations for European Troops in this com. mand.

As to the healthiness of the Stations occupied by H. Majesty's Troops in Bengal, the following abstract from their Sick Returns will serve so far, to afford the requisite information for a period of four years, as to their comparative degree of health from 1830 to 1833 inclusive,

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Average Strength,
Died of diseases in

the Station,

Proportion of Deaths il to Strength per cent.

Average Strength,

Died of diseases in

the Station,
Proportion of Deaths
to Strength per cent.

Average Strength,
Died of diseases in

the Station,

Proportion of Deaths
to Strength per cent.

Average Strength,
Died of diseases in

the Station,
on Proportion of Deaths

to Sirength per cent.

Meerut,.. 41222 31:35 5,900 117 1.98 722 16 2:21 1,200 591 4.91
Cawapore, 4/226 73.10 5,950 271 4.55

914

37 4.04 1,572 145 9.22 Ghazeepore, , 4109 3 2.75 3,75 + 143 3.80 456 15 3:29 845 561 6.62 Berhampore,

41118 97.62 3,515 236 6.77 473 271 5:71 865 70 809 Chinsurah, 4119 65.04 2,523 154 6.10 469 28) 5.96 756 28] 3.70 Fort William, 4119 75.88 3,097 235 7.59

447 48/10.73 761 124 16-29 Kiaul,

81 1 1.23 2,827 85 3:00 401 71 1.73 679 45 6.62 Agra, 2) 631

1,513 29 1.91 208 3 1.45 336 301 8.92 Dinapore,

2 56 i 1.79 1,612 56 3.81 189) 8 4.23 299 37 12:37 Bogli pore, 1 27

1,037

41 3.95 1191 6 5.05 190 16) 8.12 Chirra Poonjee, 1

38 6 15.79 Landour,

275 16 5.82 Total,

132,041|1,389| 4.334,401) 1951 4.437,503 6101 8.30

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Among the Officers there were ten more deaths, but none of which Decurred in any of the above Stations, viz.

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Giving the following proportions of deaths among the Officers His
Majesty's service for four years, from 1830 to 1833 inclusive-
Total

Total

Total ratio of Average strength Deaths, deaths to strength. 1140

47

412

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Among the Men also there were other deaths, not within the scope of the foregoing Statement; in consequence of which an abstract is give to include the whole of the casualties regimentally among all His Majesty's Troops throughout the Bengal command, for the period 1830 to 1833.

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Shewing the strength and deaths, and the ratio of deaths to strength, in His Majesty's Regiments, in the Bengal command.

Total Average

Total Deaths. 1601

strength.
33484

Total ratio of
deaths to strength per cent.

4.78.

Men,....

It is to be observed that the strength of the troops in this statement is as given in the Regimental Returns on the 1st January of each year, and which differs from the mean annual strength ; the latter being 32041, the ratio of total deaths to it is 4:99. In the different Stations of His Majesty's Regiments in the Presidency of Bengal, there is so little difference in the periods and duration of the seasons, as well as in their general temperature and climate, that it is upon the innate features of each Station itself, and froin the data afforded by

its Returns, that its comparative salubrity would appear to be best deduced.

The steadiness or mutability of the climate, or considerable anomalies of weather, or physical properties, seem more to influence the health of the troops than either its heat or its cold, abstractedly considered.

The causes of sickness in many Stations must be traced to other sources than climate.

The soil of Bengal being composed of alluvial matter, formed by the detritus carried down by the great rivers, and accumulated for ages, there is a poison in the exhalations of such soils, the nature of which is unknown; but from it emanate all those species and varieties of fevers, (dependent on marsh miasma as their remote cause) so frequent in Bengal, and to which one general character appertainsperiodicity, or remissions, and exacerbations.

A large proportion however of the cases of sickness and deaths among the European soldiers, may be more or less attributed to excesses, especially in the use of spirituous liquors.

The relative healthiness of each Station is according to the Returns, as follows, from 1830 to 1833 inclusive

Deaths to strength.
Fort William

7:59 per cent. Berhampore

677 Chinsurah

6:10 Cawnpore

4.55 Boglipore...

3.95 Dinapore ...

3.84 Ghazeepore

3.80 Kurnal

3:00 Meerut .

1.98 Agra ....

1.91 There are given Classification Tables, taken from the Regimental Returns, shewing the different classes, numbers, ages, and deaths, of the soldiers of His Majesty's service in Bengal for the years 1826 to. 1833, viz.

1

Return of the different Classes of Men, Ages and Deaths of H. Majesty's Troops serving in the Bengal Command.

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30 to 35

15 270

8 276 | 20 | 86 9 130 29 161 19 140 28 126 13 194

42 1,619 191

1173 113

11:58

35 to 45

12 169

5

57

21 111 26 231

38 1,279 176

13.76

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1826 being the first year these Returns were required, the term “unknown," was applied to those men whose ages the Surgeons could

not then ascertain, but afterwards, when ascertained, they were taken into their proper and respective elasses.

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