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No. 4.-Hon'ble Company's Upper Light Vessel " Hope," A. C. Hud
son, in Latitude 21° 26' north. 1st June, Civil Time.-Winds light and variable all round, with some rain. 2nd, Light winds during the first part ; at noon heavy squalls from the East, with rain and thunder; latter squally, with wind from the Northward at times. 3rd, First part variable and squally from E. to N.; in the morning, wind increasing from NE. with heavy squalls ; noon wind ESE. inclining to a gale; at sunset gale from E., and during the night from ENE. with heavy sea; vessel riding with 160 fathoms cable. 4th, Gale continuing in heavy gusts from Eastward and shipping seas fore and aft. Till noon the same weather, but wind at ESE. ; at 8 P. M. gale veering to SE. with dull gloomy weather, and at midnight gale at SSE. 5th, To day-light gale blowing very hard at SSE. veering latterly to S. in heavy squalls, with dismal weather and a heavy sea on ; vessel shipping water fore and aft; at noon gale decreasing, with rain at sunset. Toward mid. night strong breezes at S. with very heavy sea.
I shall in another part of this paper refer to the very instructive barometrical observations annexed to this log, which are highly creditable to Mr. Hudson's attention.
No. 5.- Hon'ble Company's Lower Light Vessel "Beacon," Lali
tude 21° Longitude 88° 27'-J. Davenport, Commander. 1st June, Civil Time.-A. M. light winds E. to NE. with heavy clouds to the SW., middle and latter parts moderate breezes, NE. to ENE. cloudy, unsettled weather and a heavy swell.
2nd.-Mostly moderate ENE. breezes, with cloudy unsettled weather, and a heavy sea rising; at midnight blowing strong; heavy squalls from ENE, with rainz thunder and lightning.
3rd.-Wind mostly from ENE. veering latterly to E. in the squalls. A. m. blowing hard, and increasing latterly to a gale, with a heavy sea; vessel shipping water fore and aft. 4th, Gale veering from ENE. to E. and ESE. with severe squalls and a heavy sea; every appearance of a heavy gale; middle and latter parts blowing a gale SSE, to ESE. with heavy squalls of wind and rain ; a heavy sea, and dark, dismal, threatening appearance all round. Kept the whole of the crew on deck during the night; riding with 200 fathoms of cable. 5th, Gale moderating, but still blowing heavy and in hard squalls from SSE. to SE. with a heavy sea; latterly wind from SSE. to S. blowing hard and in squalls, with dark passing clouds and heavy sea ; vessel rolling and pitching very much, riding with 200 fathoms of cable. 6th, Strong southerly breezes and squally.
No. 6.-H. C. Pilot Vessel "Jane."* 1st June, 1839. Civil Time.—On the cruising station off Point Palmiras, winds light and variable, cloudy to the North and Eastward. 2d June, Throughout fresh breezes and squalls with rain from the Northward, and threatening appearance to the Eastward, anchored near the Floating Light Beacon. A strong current to the Westward. 3rd June, Throughout strong gales with rain and very threatening appearance to the NE. 4 a. M. Fresh gales from NE. Noon, gale increasing; riding with 170 fathoms cable. 4th June, Throughout hard gales E. to ESE. with heavy rain and threatening appearance all round; noon, blowing hard from E. to ESE. wind SE. in squalls with heavy rain and threatening appearance. Vessel driving, let go a second anchor. 5th, Strong gales from SE. to S. heavy rain and threatening weather, latterly squally from SSE. to S. 6th, Moderate breezes from South.
No.7.-H. C. Cruizer “Amherst,” J. Paterson, Esq. Commander.
Memorandum of the state of the winds and weather from the 29th May to the 6th of June at the head of the Bay of Bengal, as experienced on board the H. C. Ship “ Amherst” on her voyage from Arracan to Calcutta, 1839.
29th. Started from Akyab at day-light with freshening breezes from E. to NE. and rain at intervals ; the mountains covered half way down with thick white clouds ; at sunset weather much clearer, the sea smooth, the wind decreasing, throughout the night very fine.
30th. The weather become perfectly clear, without rain ; the same appearance in every direction; horizon interspersed with very light still clouds, light Easterly airs and calms, sea smooth, the ship going from one to three knots per hour; at 8 P. M. sharp flashes of lightning to the ENE.; the night continued fine and very clear, little variation in the wind. Long. 90° E. lat. 20° 39'.
31st. Day-light sharp lightning to the Eastward, wind increasing from that quarter ; the weather began to settle down for rain at noon, variable sharp squalls from SE. to NE. with a good deal of rain,
* The European reader, into whose hands this may fall, requires perhaps to be told that the Honorable Company's Pilot vessels, at the mouth of the Hooghly, are not Pilot-boats, but fine stout Bombay-built Brigs of 250 tons, perfectly well manned and provided in all respects, and officered by able scamen duly educated to their profession.
thunder and lightning to the Eastward ; sunset, the wind steady from the Eastward, with smooth sea, occasional showers during the night, lightning very vivid to the Eastward, sometimes sharp flashes of lightning to the South.
1st June. The weather very similar to yesterday, more sea, very sharp lightning during the night to the NE. ; 8 P. M. Outer Light Vessel bearing NNE. about nine miles distant.
2nd. Heavy squalls from NE. to NNE. during the early part of the morning; 10 A. M. wind steady from ENE. weather more hazy and sea rising ; 4 P. M. wind NE. by E., sharp lightning to the ENE.; sunset, Outer Light Vessel SE. by E. six miles; 8 P. M. Light Vessel E. by N.; heavy squalls from the NE. with sharp rain, ship under double reefed topsails, the weather threatening throughout the night.
3rd. Day-light heavy squalls from the ENE. ship under double reefed topsails, sea rising fast with rain ; noon, off the tail of the Eastern Sea Reef; gale increasing from ENE., ship standing out under three reefs in the topsails, top gallant yards on deck; at 8 P. M. split the topsails, reefed the courses, the wind steady from ENE., heavy sea and the gale still increasing with rain, no lightning up to midnight.
4th. 2 A. M. ship reduced to main courses, wind ENE. heavy gusts of winds and rain; 4 A. M. a hard gale at ENE. ship labouring much; 6 A. M. gale still increasing; at 11 A. m. ship under bare poles, wind ENE. ; 3 P. M. wind E. ; 3° 30' P. M. wind ESE.; 4 P. M. wind SSE.; blowing a perfect hurricane ; 6 P. M. wind South, a tremendous cross sea; ship at this time off“ Codgone Point,” up to midnight blowing a perfect hurricane from South to SSW. no lightning nor thunder.
5th June. 2 A. M. gale began to moderate from SSW. with heavy cross sea; noon, longitude 87° E. latitude 20° 3' N.; ship throughout the remainder of the day under foresail and close reefed main topsail with dry weather but very hazy, the sea very high.
6th. The wind steady from SSW. and hazy.
Remarks.—The 30th May led me to be very watchful of the weather, it became so extremely clear and such a sameness in the appearance all round; the stars very bright, the clouds stationary and of a very light appearance, the lightning very very sharp, the noise of every thing on board seemed to be more than ordinary. What was most remarkable, the wind continued so steady from the Eastward at one time on the 4th that I had most serious apprehensions of the ship drifting on shore upon the western shores of the Bay; the wind shifted suddenly, otherwise nothing but her anchors could have saved her.
J. PATERSON, H. C. Ship “ Amherst." No.8.-H. C. Pilot Vessel" Krishna," Mr. J. Crook, Branch Pilot,
Commander,- at the Cruising Station. 2nd June, 1839. Civil time.—NE. to E. squall and threatening to the Eastward. 3rd June a. M. freshening fast NNE. to NNW. with dirty weather; noon fresh gale NNW. to NNE. at. 20° 10'; weather threatening stood off the land. 4th Wind N. by E. at noon hard squalls and rain ; gale increasing to 8 P. M. Midnight wind N. and gale apparently breaking. 5th A. m. Threatening again, and an increasing gale NNE. to NNW. till noon. P. M. hard gale, hove too under main topsail and fore topmast staysail, at 8 under bare poles ; a man washed overboard but saved. Wind from N. to W. and SW. I P. M. a dead calm ! with a high cross sea rising perpendicular, caused by a heavy roll coming up from the SW. against the northerly one; vessel labouring very much ; at 1° 30' P. M. wind suddenly veered round to the SW. and blew a furious gale with severe squalls and heavy rain till night. 6th A. M. gale moderating. At noon clearing up. Wind WbS.
No. 9.-2nd June, 1899.
Brig "Sarah" from Rangoon stood in on the evening and took a pilot on board, but the weather being suspicious stood out to seaward.
3rd June. Throughout the night hard squalls ENE. and rain. At day-light every appearance of an approaching gale, high sea, and hard squalls; noon, lat. 20° 30' N. in 46 fathoms (about long. 88° 02' E.) Strong gales ENE. and high sea; at midnight hard gale about E.; vessel struck by a sea abaft, and jolly boat carried away.
4th June A. M. constant hard squalls and gale about ESE. till noon ; P. M. more moderate; at 2 P. M. wind veered to the Southward with rain; at 4 P. M. increasing gale, furled all sail, hove too under bare poles ; at 9 P. M. Bar. 28° 88'; and to midnight hard gales veering round. Barometer 28° 56'.
5th June. Day-light moderating; towards noon fresh gales SSW. and clear with high sea. Lat. 190 42' N.
No.10.- Honorable Company's Pilot Vessel" Saugor,” Mr.J. Cearns,
Branch Pilot, Commander. 2nd June, Civil time. At anchor in nineteen fathoms, off Point Palmiras bearing about NWW. 1 P. M. a squall from the Eastward; till midnight pleasant.
3rd June.-A. M. squalls from NE. and ENE.; at noon strong breezes and a heavy swell from SE., but wind N.; gale freshening, and at midnight from NE.
4th June.-Increasing fast from NE.; at noon NE. ; 8 P. M. ENE. a hard gale at E. and heavy sea at midnight.
5th June. 4-A. M. wind E.; noon ESE.; hard gale veering to SE. and SSE.; moderating at midnight. On 6th June A. M. wind South.
No. 11.- Pooree, or Juggernaut Pagoda, 19° 48' N., 85° 45' E. Letter from Dr. Cumberland, Surgeon of the Station, who after regretting that he can give but imperfect information, says,
“ The 2nd of June was very cloudy; about 11 A. M. we had a heavy squall from the E. afterwards a succession of others, from almost every point of the compass. At night it was blowing hard from the NE.; and on the 3rd, we had a hard gale from the N. with heavy clouds and rain. On the 4th, still blowing a hard gale from the N. with heavy clouds and incessant rain; at 5 P. M. the wind shifted suddenly to the W. and gradually veered round to the SW. after which it moderated, still however blowing a gale. On the 5th, the gale continued from the SW. very cloudy but no rain. On the 6th and 7th, fresh breezes from SW. with very cloudy weather. On the 8th, light winds. The quantity of rain which fell on the 2nd of June was 1 inch ; on the 3rd, 2 inches and 1-10th ; on the 4th, 4 inches and 9-10ths.
POOREE, 6th July, 1839.
No. 12—Letter from Captain Hookey of the ship “ Mary Somerville,"
15th June, 1839, accompanying his log. I have much pleasure in communicating any information in my power respecting the gales in the Bay of Bengal on the 3rd, 4th, and 5th June, in which the “ Mary Somerville," and several other vessels happened to be. Although the gale with us appears to have been of short duration, it was very severe. We experienced ever since crossing the equator, (which we did on the 20th May) hot sultry weather, with variable winds from N. to W. chiefly. On the 3rd June, at noon, latitude 19° N. longitude 85° 29', wind very unsteady, both in strength and duration, with heavy squalls chiefly from NW.; occasional heavy rain. Ther. 86°, Bar. 29° 25', Simp. 29° 40'.
4th June.-Fresh gales from W. with heavy rain; at noon Ganjam NWW. twelve miles. Ther. 86°, Bar. 29° 15', Simp. 29° 30'. It continued to blow a fresh gale but not a severe one, wind from W. to WSW.; at this time a heavy sea from SE., ship lurching very much.