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weather indicated not the slightest change. The breeze in the afternoon gradually increased, and at 4 P. M. took in one reef of topsails ; Barometer 29° 55'. At 6 P. M. a very heavy black cloud rose in the Eastward ; and apprehensive that a gale would come from that quarter, I altered my previous course of SSW. to SSE. in order to get more sea room. At 8 P. M. the barometer had fallen to 29° 40', and the wind a fresh steady breeze from the NW. with slight showers of rain : took in 2nd reefs. 11 P. M. The breeze completely died away, and for the next seven hours it was nearly calm, the barometer stationary, and the black cloud still hanging in the Eastward, with very vivid lightning issuing from it.
At 7 A. M. 3rd June the wind sprung up again from the NW. and commenced blowing so strong that all sail was taken in, excepting the close reefed main topsail; and the ship hove too. Noon, strong gale, with very heavy gusts of wind from the West. Bar. 29° 40'. Took the main topsail in, and spread a tarpaulin in the mizen rigging. 4th June do. winds and weather, with a very high sea; by account lat. 15° 50' N. longitude 84° 40' E. 5th June, wind veering to SW. and producing a tremendous cross sea, the ship rolling and labouring much. Bar. 29° 5'. latitude by account 16° 20' N. 85° 20' E. P. M. The Bar. rising, and the wind veering to SSW. with more moderate weather. The sea at this time, from the altering of the wind, was running in three or four directions, with immense crested tops which threatened instant destruction ; but fortunately at this time it commenced raining heavily, which had a great effect in reducing the topping of the waves. On the 6th June, by observations latitude 17° 10' N. longitude 86° 15' E. Found that we had drifted to the NE. 200 miles.
D. W. OGILVY.
No. 22. Barque “ Susan," Captain Neatby,–Nautical Time. 31st May.--Wind WbN. to WbS. Bar. P. M. 29° 60'; midnight, 29° 55'; noon 29° 50', Ther. 79o. Strong gale increasing from yesterday, with violent squalls and rain every hour. Lat. noon 12° 47', long. 90° 43' E.
1st June.-- Wind WbN. to WSW. Bar. P. M. 29° 50''; noon 29° 40. Ther. 79° to 76o hard gale with constant heavy squalls and rain, with heavy sea, ship laboring much. At noon hard gale and heavy squalls. Lat. 14° 2' N. 91° 14' E.
2nd June.-Wind W16. to WSW. Bar. 29° 40' to 29° 36'. Ther. 790 to 78'; hard gale and violent squalls, with rain, and a tremendous heavy sea; ship laboring much, sent guns, provisions, &c. into the hold ; ship lurching dreadfully. Lat. 14° 47' N. long. 91° 47' E.
3rd June.—Wind WĮS. to WbS. Bar. 29° 40', 29° 33', and 29° 40'. Ther. 60°; hard gale with violent squalls and rain, and heavy sea throughout. Lat. 15° and long. 92° 14' E.
4th June.-Wind WbS. to WSW. Bar. 29° 40'; hard gale, violent squalls, rain and lightning ; latterly the squalls more moderate. Lat. 16° 19' N. long. 09° 53' E. By observation find a current to the SW. at the rate of twenty miles per day for the last four days.
5th June.-- Wind WSW. to SW. strong gale and squally, but moderating latterly, and the sea going down. Bar. 29° 40' to 29° 56', lat. 17° 59' N., long. 88° 34' E.
No. 23.-- The ship“ Indian Oak,” Capt. Rayne, left Madras roads at 10 a. M. 4th June 1839, Nautical time, having a passenger on board for Vizagapatam. She ran up along the coast with moderate breezes, but on the night of the 5th to 6th June it was so very hazy that Capt. Rayne could not obtain an observation; the heavenly bodies being obscured. His barometer fell from 29° 7' at 8 P. M. on the 5th to 29° 6' at 4 a. M. on the 6th, the weather having assumed so very threatening an appearance, with a heavy jerking sea rising, that he prepared for bad weather, and kept under weigh whilst communicating with the shore, and landing his passenger at Vizagapatam; he had however no stormy weather. This vessel's log is important as marking, together with the memorandum from Masulipatam, that the gale was only seen, but not felt along the coast below Juggernath.
como No. 24.-- The Barque " Lady Macnaghten," Captain George Hardwick, experienced a severe gale beginning with strong squalls from the West and heavy rain at noon 30th May 1839, lat. 10° 40' N. long. 88° E. By noon the next day, 31st May, in 12° 45' N. 87° 14' she was hove too under close reefed main topsail, and continued so under storm sails on the 1st, 2nd, 3nd, and 4th June; wind from WbS. to SWbS. blowing a very severe gale with very heavy sea, causing the vessel to labour excessively and ship water over all. At noon on 4th, after which the gale moderated, she was in lat. 14° 51', long. 88° 16' E. and found that during the gale she had experienced a current of about thirty-two miles per day to the SW. from the 31st May to the 4th June; on which last day the Barometer being then at the lowest, stood at 29° 17'.
No. 25.—Brig “Petrel,” Capt. Turcan, 1st June 1839. Nautical time.-At noon in lat. 5° 13' N. long. 85° 20' E. Bar. 29° 30'. Ther. 92', strong breczes from WSW. and hazy weather.
2nd June. Till midnight blowing strong. A. M. blowing hard with hazy weather and a heavy sea; large white clouds driving very quickly, but clearing at intervals; wind from WSW. to SW. at noon, when the lat. was 8° 31' N., long. 85° 50' E. Bar. 29°, Ther. 86o.
3rd June.- Hazy in the afternoon, and first part of the night strong breezes, W. to WSW. till midnight warm weather. A. M. Hard gale, WbS. and a heavy sea till noon. Lat. 11° 26' N., long. 85° 24' E. Bar. 29° 48' Ther. 95°.
4th June.-Hazy throughout and exceedingly warm. Sea high and confused, and coming at times from the northward! Hard gales WbS. WSW. ship taking much water on deck. At noon, lat. 13° 44' N. 84° 50' E. Bar. 29° 43'. Ther. 86°.
5th June.-Wind WSW. to SW. P. M. Hard gales, but moderating latterly. A. M. confused sea from the northward, hazy ; barometer falling at 4 P. M. to 29° 30' but rising towards morning to 29° 50'. Ship and rigging covered to day with a fine red dust.* At noon, lat. 16° 22' N. long. 84° 34' E. Bar. 29° 38', Ther. 86o.
6th June.—Strong and hard gales WSW. with hazy weather. At 11h.30' made the land. Noon, lat. 18° 30' N. long. 84° 34' E. Bar. 29° 40' Ther. 86° Sky clearing up, and sea going down with appearances of settled weather. Note. We had not a drop of rain from leaving the lat. of 2° 30' N. on 29th May until in Saugor roads on the 9th June.
No. 26.-Barque"John William Dare," Captain Gibson, at anchor off the Island of Cheduba in 3] fathoms water ; on 1st June, 1839. Civil time.—Lat. observed 18° 44' N.; long. by three Chrons.93° 50' E. Bar. 29° 80', Ther. 85°. Latter part fine and clear. Bar. 29° 75, Ther. 84°
2nd June.-- First part light breeze and clear, with lightning to the Southward; daylight freshening breezes, with flying showers of rain and light squalls, barometer falling. At noon strong breezes with squalls, and dark threatening appearance. Bar. 29° 40', Ther. 89o. 2 P. M. Breeze increasing; preparing for bad weather. Bar. 29° 30'. Heavy sea rolling in from the Southward, ship rolling frightfully. 8 P. M. Breeze increased to a gale with tremendous sea. The ship, though drawing only eleven feet six inches water, struck by the heel and unshipped the rudder, secured the rudder, slipt the chain, cast to seaward, and an
* This is a singular phænomenon. The nearest point of the coast directly to windward of the ship is about Coringa, distant 400 miles. It would seem to indicate that the gale had blown over the table land of the Deccan, where it would probably find plenty of red dust. The Laurel Amelia and Indian Oak seem thus to have been sheltered by the Coromandel range of hills, as we see in the land breezes in an offing in fine weather.
chored again in four fathoms water. Latter part weather as before. Bar. 29° 30'.
3rd June. First part heavy gale from SSE. with a tremendous sea ; vessel labouring heavily, and making thirty inches of water per hour. Daylight, barometer rising; strong gale, with heavy thunder and rain, and dark heavy appearance all round; noon, gale abating, with heavy squalls, thunder, lightning, and rain. Bar. 29° 50', Ther. 84°. Lat. ter, gale abating, with heavy rain and a high sea. Bar. 29° 60'.
4th June.–First part strong breezes with squalls, thunder, and heavy rain ; daylight, breeze abating ; Bar. 29° 75' Ther. 85o. Shipped the rudder, and sent up topgallant yards and masts. Latter part smart breezes. Bar. 29° 80'.
5th June.-Smart breezes from SE. and a high sea rolling in from SW.; made sail for Chittagong. The direction of the wind has been omitted in this log on the 1st, 2nd, and 4th, but it seems evident that it was from the S. or between S. and SSE. throughout. The log is very valuable, as shewing that the gale here, on the extreme Eastern side of the Bay, was at its height in the night between the 2nd and 3rd June.
No. 27.-Barque “ Louisa,” in the Harbour of Akyab. Saturday 1st June, 1839.- Moderate breezes and cloudy weather. Direction of the wind not stated, and nothing further in the log.
2nd June, 1839.—Commences with fresh breezes and cloudy weather ; middle and latter parts, hard gales with small rain ; winds Easterly.
3rd June, 1839.—During these twenty-four hours brisk gales and showers of rain ; winds Easterly.
4th June. During these twenty-four hours the same as yesterday.
5th June.-During these twenty-four hours East winds with gales, and falls of rain.
6th June. For these twenty-four hours, SW. winds and moderate.
To exhibit the foregoing Logs in a collected view, for ready reference, I have arranged all the principal facts in the following series of Tables from the 1st to the 5th June, exhibiting thus at one view the weather experienced by the different ships, and their positions at noon on the same day. No account has been taken of the small difference of apparent noon occasioned by the difference of longitude, as there is nothing which requires this degree of exactness. It will be remarked that throughout the difference between the Easterly and Westerly winds occurs about lat. 19° 30'. The log of the “ Indian Oak” is omitted, as not being of importance.
Tubular view of the
Gale and Hurricane in the Bay of Bengal, from 1st to 5th June, 1839.
NE. Cloudy and squalls at times, 22..34
Light variable airs and Cloudy, 22.. Il
Do. do. Easterly do. do. thunder
ENE.DOESE. Light & variable
Variable sharp squalls from SE.
toNE. with rain, Saugor Pilot Vessel, NNE.to N. and cloudy to E.
20..28 At Pooree, or JuggernautPagoda,
NNE. to WNW. Light air, very 18..13
w.bs. Strong gale with heaNine,
vy squalls and rain,
W.to WSW. Freshening to a
gale. Dark gloomy wea
w.bn.towsw. Hard gale with
14.. 2 heavy squalls and rain,
W.bs.toSw.bs. a very severe Lady Macnaghten, ..
gale, hove too under storm 13..50
WSW. Strong breezes and hazy,l 5..13