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Dhoonra and a village adjacent, only differing in colour from the first sent you, which were a reddish brown, and the others being white and of a more calcined appearance.
Some of these Shells being shewn to a native gentleman, he said, that he had heard similar ones were to be found in Scindea's country; and on Mr. Fraser dispatching a man to the quarter indicated, those labelled "Rae near Narwar" were brought in.
About this time I forwarded specimens to Major Ousley, who was then making the settlement of Betool, consequently surrounded by Putels of the district, and on his exhibiting the Shells, several of these country gentlemen came forward and informed him, that similar were to be found in several places about the neighbourhood of Betool. The principal sites are Sussoondra to the east ; Bhurkawara, Bhyawara, Jaora to the south; Budoree, Kolgaon, Gaekham, Bakore, to the south-west; and Moorkha to the east of Mooltaye.
The next site ascertained was a bluish coloured Fossil Shell of calcedony brought from Narainpoor, situated in the Sobagpoor Pergunnah, north of the Nerbudda, and finally those sent in from Domadadur in the Ramgarh Raja's territory, south of the above river. knowledge of the two last sites we are indebted to the assiduity of Mr. Fraser in this most exciting pursuit.
I have also formerly sent specimens that were known to have come from near Mundla: our present circuit of the Agent to the Governor General, has enabled me to ascertain the site from whence they are derived; Phool Saugor, a village nine miles west of Mundla is the locality, in a nulla called by the cognosient Sunkh Deyra, and on a hill close by the Shell Breccia and Fossil wood were obtained. From this place the only Bivalves (four in number) have been procured; two of which I forwarded to the Asiatic Society, and the remainder are in
Mr. Fraser's collection.
Accompanying this notice, I send natural sized drawings (for which I am indebted to my friend Captain P. A. Reynolds, of the Madras Army,) of all the varieties we have now discovered.
Specimen of a Shell from Dhoonra.
From Phool Saugor, near Mundla. Those from Sussoon
dra, Gyekham, Bhurkawara, in the Betool district, are identically the same species.
From Narrainpoor, remarkable for the great breadth of
the third whirl. Those from Rae Scindea's country and Domadadur in Ramgurh are similar.
4. From Moorkha, east of Mooltaye.
5. 5. 5.
Three varieties found in the Breccia from Phool Saugor, near Mundla.
The only specimen of the kind from Sussoondra, east of Betool.
Shell (imbedded in Breccia of the same kind) from Jaora, south of Betool. This and the two next specimens are not reversed, as all the others are.
Two specimens from Phool Saugor, near Mundla, identical with No. 7 from Betool district.
9. 9. Two drawings to shew how curiously one Shell is imbedded in the other. These are two very beautiful
specimens, but the pencil cannot give any idea of the crystals at A A which add so much to their appearance. 10. Is delineated to give some notion of the
shape into which the shell has been compressed. Many brought in are almost flat, some have an indentation exactly corresponding to another Shell, but without any appearance of fracture or fissure,
so that at the time of the convulsion it must have been in a plastic state.
So ends my notes on Fossil Shells, chiefly found in the Saugor and Nerbudda territories, for the discovery of which, after my geological friend the lime-burner, we are indebted to the zeal and activity of Messrs. Fraser, Ousley, and Ommauney.
The next communication will be on the dispatch of Fossils, that our late travels on the Nerbudda have produced; and for which you will be indebted to the above gentlemen, aided by their Secretary.
Camp, Source of the Nerbudda,
15th March, 1838.
GEORGE G. SPILSBURY.
Supplementary Note on five additional varieties of Fossil Shells found in the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories.
A. A drawing of a Shell totally unlike any of the others, and as yet only found at one site. Its great difference consists in the ribs or furrows so plainly shown in the specimen; this kind was found in March, 1838, on the 1st plateau of the
* Indeed the whole set, with exception of those from Rae, are so.
Mekul range of Hills, at the top of a steep trap ghat, on the high road from Sohagpoor to Umurkuntuk, near a village called Pureye;-the whole ground for some two miles was strewed with Shell Breccia.
This is a drawing of a Shell also found at the same site, and is not a reversed Shell. This, and the specimens No. 7 and 8. 8. found at Mundla, and also Betool, are the only Shells whose whirls are twined as those of the present day are.
C. D. Bivalves found at Phool Saugor and Mundla, and only a very few specimens have as yet been brought in. One similar was sent in from Mohtura Hill, (a branch I suspect of the Mekul Hills,) in the Ramgurh Rajah's country, where the Domadar ones are found.
E. Also a Bivalve, great numbers of which have lately been found in the Nerbudda near Jhansee Ghât, a fossil field which Mr. Fraser, the Agent of the Governor General, has brought to light, and of which I shall have more to say on forwarding some notes on fossils and sites from Hoshingabad to this.
F. Another Bivalve intermixed with E., but as yet only a few have been brought in.
On referring to the plates of the Himalayan Fossil Shells attached to the Rev. R. Everest's paper in the xviii. vol. of the Society's Transactions, the only Bivalve bearing any resemblance to those under notice is Fig. 13, Plate 1st. described as undetermined, which in general character has much the appearance of some found at Mundla, but ours are reversed. Plate 2nd. Bivalves, Fig. 26, b. the supposed Unis comes very near our F.-all the others are totally distinct.
The whole of the drawings are of the natural size, and I am indebted to the able pencil of Captain P. A. Reynolds, of the Madras Service, for their delineation.
11th October, 1839.