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THE ASIATIC SOCIETY.
No. 86. FEBRUARY, 1839.
ART. 1.-Report on the Settlement of the ceded portion of the District of Azimgurh, commonly called Chuklah Azimgurh, by J. THOMASON, Esq. Collector of Azimgurh, dated Agra, December 16th, 1837.
1st. The completion of the settlement of Chuklah Azimgurh, affords the opportunity for offering some remarks on its state. The settlement operations have extended from the year 1833 to 1837, and been conducted either by myself, or others acting under my superintendence. I am hence desirous to place on record the principles which have guided me, and to note some circumstances, a correct understanding of which is essential to the future prosperity of the district. My remarks are intended to be strictly practical, and to convey impressions and opinions having reference to the locality.
2nd. A brief statistical account of the Chuklah will form a fitting introduction to the subject.
3rd. It lies between the 25th and 27th degrees of north latitude, and the 82nd and 84th degrees of east longitude. It is bounded on the west by the Oude territories, on the north by the river Goggra and district of Goruckpore, and on the south and east by the river of Benares. The country is generally low, with water near the surface; and abounding in large jheels, or lakes. It is traversed from west to east by several rivers or streams, all of which take their rise from lakes situated either in the district itself or in Oude, at a short distance to the west between the Goggra and the Goomtee, and fall into the Ganges; of these the Surjoo and the Tonse are navigable during the rains, whilst the Phurchee, the Koonwur, the Bainsehee, the Munglaai, the Beysoo, and the Gunghee, are never navigable, but are highly valued for the irrigation which they extensively supply.
4th. The soil is generally fertile, and peculiarly adapted for the cultivation of the Sugar-cane. There are however Salt or Oosur plains, which no culture can ever render productive.
5th. The size and general character of the several sub-divisions of the district will best appear from the following tables. They show the . arrangements which have been made for the fiscal and civil adminis tration and for the police of the district, and the charge which the establishments constitute on the resources of the district.
Table showing the size and resources of the several Pergunnah
Table showing the size and resources of the several Pergunnah Divisions of the Chuklah.-(Continued.)
28 2,876 1,691 2,572 7,139 6,814 2,706 38 3,596 965 3,100 7,661 7,452 2,554
Table showing the size and resources of the several Pergunnah Divi
sions of the Chuklah.—( Continued.)
Note.-The total area is inserted, as given by the Survey conducted on the principles of European science. The cultivated and culturable