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Here I give you a case ; Umquhile,2 a merry man was, Called Cockelbie: He had a simple black sow, And he sold her, but how? For pennies three, as after ye may see. And verily, as I heard, Thus, the money he wared. The FIRST PENNY of the three, For a girl gave he ; The SECOND fell in a ford : The THIRD he hid in a hoard. Now, whilk penny of the three Was best bestowed, say ye? The lost penny was uplesit ;3 The girl for the time pleasit ; But the penny that was hid, I hold, least good did : For in old proverb we sing, “ Comes little good of gathering ;" Where wretched avarice burnis, Hiding hoards into hirnis ;4 And knowis never whom till, Letting worschep 5 to go till. Great labour is to get gear, And to conserve it is feir,

And more anger is to leise,
And thir? three perversed properteis,
I find in scarce keeping,
And avaricious winning ;
Where measure is not mistress,
But gathering for greediness.
The hid penny, thinks me,
Was worst bestowed of the three;
For it was for the use of man:
Let world's goods go, than,
With measure and merryness :
Yet there is more of this case.
The penny lost in the lake
Was fundin and uptake ;
And he that fand it did buy,
With the samyn penny.
A little pig, for his prow,3
Of Cockelbie's sow.
A harlot winnit 4 near by,
And she would make at mangery;5
And had no substance at all,
But this poor pig stall,
To furnish a great feast
Withoutin stuff, but this beast ;
And yet she called to her cheer
An apostita friar,
A perversed pardoner,
And practand palmer,

A witch, and a wobstar ; 6 and nearly a hundred more guests, of which the above are by no means the least respectable, or most appropriate to grace the table of so disreputable a hostess.

Yet many in a great rout,
For lack of room, stood about.
Now, would I wit, at this feast,
Who fure7 best of this beast;
I hold, the folk best fure
That stood without the dure ; 8

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1 Vexation is to lose. 2 These. 3 Profit. 4 Lived.

5 A feast. 6 A weaver. 7 Fared. 8 Door.

Fro this cursed company

To rescue, as they may ; And mensless' mangery ;

So did they this day. Yet of this case there is more

That sowis sons heard I never The poor pig gave a roar,

Win so great worship' for ever. Him to kill, when they pynit,?

For Stiftapill all the store So sore, the silly pig quhrynit 3

Rushed out with a roar, Quhill.4 all the swine thereabout

This pig, when they heard him, Rushed forth in a rout.

They come golfand 2 full grim. I keep 5 not now to commoun,

Many long toothèd boar, All beastis for to blassoun ;6

And many galt 3 come before, Of their divers naturis,

And many great Gunnald,
Complexions, and colouris ;

Gruntillot and gamald ;4
Whom the law leaves to eat,
Or who should be no man's meat.

and a whole host of other pigs equally Nor of the fowlis of the air,

noteworthy and appropriately entitled; How some with close feet they fare,

With sic a din and a dirdy,
And some divided the nails;

A garray, and a hirdy girdy, 5
Nor of the fish with their scales :
All this I set aside now,

that the whole company was dispersed, Have, at Cockelbie's sow

and the hostess herself wounded by the For to say the verity ;

tusks of a boar; while the little pig that Lovand7 beastis swine be,

was designed for the feast made his Contrair houndis nature ;

escape in the scramble. Nor did the For brawle 8 doggis at the dure,

commotion end with the escape of the All, setts on the sorry hound

intended victim ; for the owners of the That lies ever at the ground; And he that cries most, and roaris,

swine, alarmed by their violent distracOverthrown, schent,9 and most sore tion, and seeing so questionable a comis.

pany, concluded that there was a design All the remnant him ruggis,

upon their property. They turned out, Some by leggis, some by luggis. 10 and, with blowing on stock-horns, roused They are loving to men,

the whole rustic community, who rushBut not to themself then ;

ed to the rescue mounted and armed : For wae is him that hath royne ; But not so of the swine.

Gilby on his gray mare, And 12 one of them be o'erthrowin, And Fergy on his sow fair, That his cry may be knowin,

Hodge Higgin by the hand hint,6 All the remnant that hearis,

And Simmy that was sun brint, Comes in their best manneris

With his lad Lowry,

And his gossip Glowry, I Graceless, greedy.

7 Loving 2 Pained.

8 Brawling I Honour, renown. 5 Hurry-skurry,con3 Squeaked, squeeled. 9 Overpowered Rushing forward.

fusion, noise and 4 Until, or while.



3 A castrated sow.


4 A grunter and gob- 6 Led by the hand. 6 Blazon, proclaim.

12 For if.

bler up

10 The ears. It Is mangy

5 Stay.

and a motley assemblage of herds of Nothing stable we see sheep, swine, and cattle, with banners In this world of variance ; displayed, headed by their minstrels, which he illustrates by putting his boar Dicky Doit playing on his flute, and Davy Doyle, who blew on a pipe made through all the adventures of his famous of a “borit boutre,” (alder-tree). These in his encounter with Hercules ; for he

prototype of Caledon, with better fortune are met by another motley array, headed

escapes all his dangers unhurt. This by a piper, who are at first taken for good fortune of his hero gives the bard foes, but turn out to be friends. Their

another opportunity of insisting upon meeting brings them to a standstill, and, the advantages of the company's invest-. inspired by the increased accession of

ing their pennies instead of music, they, for a while forgetting the object of their turn-out, set to dancing, Scarce spending that scathis gentriss." which gives the humorous bard an

Thus concludes the history of the first opportunity of giving a long list of the airs that were played, and the dances penny, which is detailed that were danced, led off by “Doby To set you in solace ; Drymouth” to the air of “The Sone For our exceeding study Shene in the South ;” until at length May cause while melancholy;

Therefore, to make us merrier,
Quhorlorehusty cried,

Thus did my fantasy fare ;
Oh cease this brangling and bere,' And this hirdy girdy, I,
Remember why ye come here !

And dirdy, cry you mercy. Being thus reminded of the object of Could we be sure that the reference to their gathering, they proceed to the house exceeding study is not ironical, it might of the harlot,

be inferred that the author was one of And overthrew all the ediotis,

those jolly monks who preferred the Both of the swine and the men ;

private enjoyment of such Gestes Roman

orum in rhyme, to the reputation of at which pass in the story the bard being known as the writer of them. He again reminds the company that it is then proceeds to the history of THE all a fantasy,

SECOND PENNY. And little in point of poetry,

But sport to make us merry : After which he opens a new chapter in of thir mocking metres, and mad mattere, the history of his little pig, now

Your high reverence humbly oft I require ;

All ye heareris pardon with patience
Growin to a great boar:

My noius noyse, nicety and negligence ;
Lo such is this worldis glore ! And to satisfy my foresaid simple dite,
Now low, now high,

In recompense of it, now will I write


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OF THE SECOND PENNY, for the girl cost, Cockelbie said, “I believe it is so." How it did thrive that once was thrall' half “But what country that ever they folk lost.

come fro? A year after, walking in his disport It seems they were of kindred full potent, By a river, Cockelbie, saw resort

Be the daughteris feris this innocent." Ane auld blind man, with a pretty maid, “But, good father, if that ye would agree Not twelve year old I hold of age she To let the maid remain here still with me,

For her honour and else so would I reid? But sooth to say, she was not like to be. you; A wordly wicht,” so wonder fair was she. But ye shall have ane boy of mine to lead So well nurtured, as she had nourished

you." been

The blind man said, “Three sons at home In cloister or court, daughter to king or

I have ; queen.

And were I there no more guiding would Innocently she salust 3 on her knee,

I crave; This carlaget man, this foresaid Cockelbie. But for the maid hath been a while with Yet, for to tell the very truth of it,

me, He was ane man both of substance and And 3 ye her have, I should the better be."

Cockelbie said, “I had three pennies And said, “daughter have God's blessing

round; and mine."

The first was lost once in a lake, and The auld man asked, le pour amour devine, found ; Charity; and he said, “father come to And with it coft 4 a pig, some calls a grice,

Which increased to high worship, and He had him home, and gave him fair pryss 5 almous;

So marvellous, many men of him reads; And intently inquirèd, where he had He was the cause of feill ferliful6 deeds, Gotten that fair innocent goodly maid ; As his legend bears, witness look who so And if she were his daughter, or kin, to say. He said soothly, “She is neither perfay, The second penny I have here in my fist. But one palmer, ane honest man was he, One lies in hoard, this is the case of them. One alien, come from beyond the sea, Three silly pennies soothly I hold the same. With his ain wife, a blessed creature, The second penny I shall give thee Lodgèd with me, suppose that I be poor ; For this young maid, gif that thou will, And through the will of God, so as it was, and she They were wasted with sudden sore sick- With my favours in time to come also." ness,

They agreed, and thus I let them go. And deceased therein, both, in ane hour. This Cockelbie nourished her in his house, This little maid, this tender creature, Which grew so fair and very virtuous, Was their daughter, and beluiffit 5 with me, So gentle in all his gestis? and applicable ;8 Chat leads me now, since myself may not And so sober in spirit, and amiable see."


5 Praise. *Referring to its 3 Saluted.

2 Because.

6 Very wonderful. being in the ford. 4 Common man.

3 For if.

7 To all his guests ? 2 Worthy person.

5 Beloved.

4 Bought.

8 Pliant, good natured. a Old fathers. 3 Incidents.

my house;"




That all that saw her they loved her as Where Flammeslie o'er all wan victory. their life;

The king saw him so big a man, and strong, And specially this Cockelbie's wife; And goodly als,' to tarry you not long, A worshipful woman unto her house, For his body, a squire he him made; They called her to name, Bellamerouse. And his wars so well he him behaid, Betwixt her and her husband, Cockelbie, He was made knight in court to continue; They had a son, called Flammeslie : And then he send for his fair lady, true, Gallant he was, and good in all his feir ;' Dame Adria, whom the king did comAnd of all others, oddly, the best archer

mend, In any land, right worshipful and wise, In his chalmer, upon the queen to attend. Big of bones, a strong man of devise. Best beloved and most perfect was she, And, as his father and mother did oft espy, For his gestis and beauty and bontie, He coppeit" this young wench attentively; O'er all the lave of the ladies that there In his consait with sad digestion 3 Her most pleasant perfect person.

And Flammeslie so well in waris him bare, Her fresh figure formed of form and face; That the king, after, made him earl royal, Given to all good, fulfilled of God's grace. And a corner of a country several, That all bounty and beauty that might be

Not then invent, inhabit as it lay, Worthy comprise, thereof enough had she. Gave him by seal heritable for aye; He loved so well, there was none other, Which he plenished with people and policy, But with consent of friends, father and And named it after him and his lady: mother,

This is to say, Flammeslie and Adria, Ile wedded her to wise, wit ye for aye.

His whole earldom called Flandria; This amiable innocent, Adria,

Flan frae the first silab of Flammeslie ; Wascalled, to name, and this in France fell, And Dria driven frae Adria the free : Into the first o rising 4 of it to tell,

The which famous earldom of Flanders aye Ors it prevelit planeist and popelus 6 Holds of Frankland and Duchpeir to this Where now Paris city is situate thus.

day. This ('ockelbie wonèd there, where the case

Of the SECOND PENNY, thus, come great Of the pig, fools, and all that foresaid was, grace Till on a time that, he [of] France the With correction, and this I call a case.

king, Rode to visit the bounds there as reign ;? Before proceeding with the history And in the place there, as Cockelbie dwelt of the third penny, the humorous bard A man of scoir, 8 with such thing he dealt ; informs his audience that his story is not For then none could have craft cornis to derived from the authentic sources; but win,

from "That king of might lodged into his inn;9

Ane full auld wife, And on the morn a great shooting did they

My great grandame, men called her try,

Gurgunnald; i Conduct. 6 Meaning obscure ;

She knew the life of many faderis auld ;? Courtes (0)

became populous

Notable gestis 3 of peace and war in story 3 With serious thought. ? Of his kingdom.

Fresh in her mind, and recent of memory. * Arising

$ Eminence. $ Before 9 Castle, mansion.

1 Also.

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