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They made not equal distribution,
Not havand their overmen in reverence ; First to uphold the kirk in honesty. To know their rule they made no diligence,
Unleisumly. they used property,
Passing the bounds of wilful poverty. The second part to sustain their estatis,
XIII. The third part to be given to the poor isFull sore weeping, with voices lamentable But they disponèd that gear allother gaitis3 | They cried loud, O Emperor Constantine ! On carts, and dice on harlotry and huris ; We may wite ? thy possession poisonable, Thir caitives took nae compt of their ain
Of all our great punition and pyne : curis;4
Howbeit thy purpose was till ane good fine,3 Their kirkis riven, their ladies cleanly cled,
Thou banisht from us true devotion, And richly ruled both at board and bed.
Havand sic ee till our promotion.4
XIV. Their bastard bairnis proudly they pro- Then we beheld ane den full dolorous, vided ;
Where that princes and lordis temporal The kirk gear largely they did on them were cruciate with painis rigorous, spend,
But to expreme s their painis in special In their defaults their subditis s were mis- It does exceed all my memorial guided,
Importable pain they had, but comforting, And counted nought, their God for till Their blood royal made them nae supportoffend,
ing. Whilk gart them want grace at their latter
Some caitive kings for cruel oppression, Ruland that rout I saw in caps of brass,
And other some for their wrongous conSymon Magus, and bishop Caiphas;
Wcre condemned, they and their succesXI.
sion ; Bishop Annas, and the traitor Judas, Some for public adultery and incest; Mahomet that prophet poisonable, Some let their people never live in rest, Chora Dathan, and Abirom there was ; Delighting so in pleasure sensual, Heritics we saw innumerable :
Wherefore their pain was there perpetual. It was ane sight right wonder lamentable How that they lay into thae flamis fleiting,
XVI. With careful cries, girning and greeting. There was the cursed Emperor Nero,
Of everilk 8 vice the horrible vassal ;
* Income, and estates. 5 Subjects. Disposed of. 6 Flames, floating.
7 Gnashing their teeth * Neglected their and weeping
There was Pharaoh with divers princes mo, Rigorously, without compassion ;
“That we were made" they, cried oft, false.
** Alas! XVII.
Thus tormented with pains intolerable, Dukes, marquises, earls, barons, knights, We mended not when we had time and With their princes, were punished pain- space : fully,
But took, in earth, our lusts delectable ; Participant they were of their unrights; Wherefore, with fiendis ugly and Forward we went and let their lordis lie, horrible, And saw where ladies lamentably,
We are condemned for ever more, alas!
" Where is the meat and drink, delicious, Empresses, queens, and ladies of honours, With whilk we fed our careful carrions ? Many duchess, and countess, full of care :
Gold, silver, silk, with pearlis precious, They pierced mine heart, thae tender Our riches, rents, and our possessions ? creaturis
Withouten hope of our remissions. So pyned in that pit full of despair,
Alas ! our painis are insufferable, Plunged in pain, with many ruthful rair :* And out torments, to count, innumerable." Some for their pride, some for adultery, Some for tysting 5 men to lechery :
Then we beheld where many a thousand xix.
Common people lay, flichterand’ in the Some had been cruel and malicious,
fire, Some for making of wrongous heritors ; 6
Of everilk state was ane baleful band ; For till rehearse their livis vicious,
There might be seen many sorrowful sire; It were but tarry? to the auditors,
Some for envy suffered, and some for ire, Of lechery they were the very lures,
And some for lack of restitution, With their provocative impudicity,
Of wrongous gear, without remission. Brought many a man to infelicity:
Mansworn merchants for their wrongous Some women for their pusillanimity,
wining. Oureset with shame they did them never
Hoarders of gold and common ockeraris,3 shrive,
False men of law, in cantelis“ right cunning, Of secret sinnis done in quiety,
Thieves, rieveris, and public oppressors: And some repented never in their live ;
Some part there was of unleal 5 labourers ; Wherefore, but ruth these ruffies 8 did
Craftsmen, there we saw out of number ; them rive
Of ilk state, to declare it were ane cumber.6 · Children.
5 Enticing. ? The neck. 6 Illegitimate heirs.
* Quirks. 3 Mad. 7 But tiresome.
5 Dishonesty. • Pitiful roar. 8 Ruffians.
6 Too troublesome.
XXIX. And als langsome to me for till indite,
I see no pleasure here, but meikle pain ; Of this prison, the pains in special :
Wherefore, said I, leave we this sort in The heat, the cold, the dolour and despite,
thrall, Wherefore I speak of them in general : I purpose never to come here again ; That dooly den, that furnace infernal,
But yet I do believe, and ever shall, Whose reward is rue, without remeid,
That the true kirk can never err at all, Ever dieand and never to be dead. Sic, thing to be, great clerkis does conclude,
Howbeit my hope stands maist in Christis
XXX. Hunger and thirst, instead of meat and
Above that, in the third prison, anon, drink ; And for their cleithing taids' and scorpions.
We entered in ane place of perdition, That mirk mansion is tapessèdwith stink;
Where many babies were makand dreary
moan, They see naething but horrible visions ;
Because they wanted the fruition
Of God, whilk was ane great punition ;
Of baptism they wanted the ensenze :' Their feeling is importable 3 passions.
Upward we went, and left that mirthless
XXXI. For melody, miserable murning,
Intill ane vault, above that place of pain, Their is no solace, but dolour infinite,
Unto the whilk but sojourne, 3 we ascended, In baleful beds, bitterly burning,
That was the limbe, in the whilk did remain, With sobbing, sighing, sorrow, and with Our forefathers, because Adam offended, syte, 4
Eatand the fruit the whilk was defended, Their conscience their hearts sae did bite,
Many a year they dwelt in that dungeon, To hear them flyte, 5 it was ane case of
In mirkness and in desolation. care, So, in despite, plunged into despair.
By bad aspects which work vengeance, Although I beir not like a bard,
Long service earneth aye reward.
I cannot blame thine excellence, In court to be infortunate,
That I so long lack recompense ; Whilk have so long in service been, Had I solisted like the lave,' Continually with king and queen,
My reward had not been to crave : And entered to thy majesty,
But now I may well understand, The day of thy nativity :
A dumb man yet wan never land ; Wherethrough my friendis been ashamed, And in the court men gets nothing And with my foes I am defamed ; Without importunate asking. Seeing that I am not regarded,
Alas! my sloth and shamefastness Nor with my brethren of court rewarded ; | Debared me from all greediness : Blaming my slothful negligence,
Greedy men that are diligent, That seeks not for some recompence. Right oft do obtain their intent, When divers men do me demand,
And fail not for to conquess lands, Why gets thou not some piece of And namely at young princes hands. land,
But I took never no other cure 2 As well as other men have gotten? In special, but for thy pleasure : Then wish I to be dead and rotten, But now I am no more despaird, 3 With such extreme discomforting, But I shall get princely reward. That I can make no answering.
The which shall be to me more glore, I would some wise man did me teach, Than them thou didst reward before. Whether that I should flatter or fleech :' When men do ask ought at a king, I will not flyte,that I conclude,
Should ask his grace a noble thing, For crabbing of thy celsitude :3
To his excellence honourable, And to flatter, I am defamed ;
And to the asker profitable. Lack I reward, then am I shamed : Though I be in mine asking lidder, 4 But I hope thou shalt do as well,
I pray thy grace for to consider, As did the father of fameil, 4
Thou hast made both lords and lairds, Of whom Christ maketh mention,
And hast given many rich rewards Who for a certain pension,
To them whilk were full far to seek, Hired men to work in his vineyard : When I lay nightly by thy cheek : But who came last got first reward, I take the queen's grace, thy mother, Wherethrough the first men were dis- My lord chancellor, and many other, pleased,
Thy nurse, and thine old mistress, But he them prudently appeased ;
I take them all to bear witness ; For though the last men first were served, Old Willie Dillie were he alive, Yet got the first what they deserved. My life full well he could descrive, So am I sure thy majesty
How as a chapman bears his pack, Shall once reward me ere I die,
I bare thy Grace upon my back : And rub the rust off mine ingine, 5 And sometimes stridlings 5 on my neck, Which is for languor like to tine : 6 Dancing with many bend and beck.
The first syllabs, that thou didst mute, Imprudently, like witless fools,
They took the young prince from the
Was learning virtue and science ;
The governance of all Scotland :
As who would in a stormy blast, As I at length into my "Dream,"
When mariners been all aghast,
Through danger of the sea's rage,
Of ship, merchant, and marinal,
To put the ruther' in his hand : Of some that have not served so weel.
Without God's grace is no refuge, To you, my lordis, that stand by,
If there be danger ye may judge. I shall you show the reason why:
I give them to the devil of hell, If you shall tarry, I shall tell
That first devised that counsel ; How my misfortune thus befell :
I will not say it was treason, I prayed daily on my knee,
But I dare swear it was no reason : My young master that I might see,
I pray God let me never see rign? Of age in his estate royal,
Into this realm so young a king. Having power imperial ;
I may not tarry to decide it, Then, trusted I without demand,
How then the court a while was guided, To be promoved to some land ;
By them them that pertly took in hand, But mine asking I got too soon,
To guide the king and all Scotland : Because eclipse fell in the moon,
And eke longsome for to declare, The which all Scotland made on steir,7
Their facund 3 flattering wordis fair ; Then did my purpose run arear,
Sir, some would say, your majesty The which were longsome to declare :
Shall now go to your liberty ; And eke mine heart is wonder sair,
Ye shall to no man be coacted, When I have in remembrance,
Nor to the school no more subjected. The sudden change of my mischance :
We think them very natural fools, The king was but twelve years of age, That learn oure meikle at the schools ; When new rulers came in their rage,
Sir, you must learn to run a spear, For common-weal not taking care,
And guide you like a man of wear :5 But for their profit singular ;8
For we shall put such men about you,
That all the world and mo shall doubto you. I A childish contrac
4 Luck at.
Then to his grace they put a guard,
* Rudder, helm.
* Constrained. 3 An old Scotch tune 7 Astir.