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Which hastily got their reward ;

That mouth speak more, said he, my Each man after their quality,

brother ; They did solist his majesty.

For, God nor I rax' in a rope, Some caused him revel at the racket,' Thou might'st give counsel to the Pope, Some harled him to the hurlie hacket.? Thus laboured they within few years, And some to show their courtly corses, That they became no pages' peers : Would ride to Leith and run their horses, So hastily they made a band. And wightly wallop over the sands ; Some gather'd gold, some conquest land, They neither spared spurs nor wands ; Sir, some would say, by Saint Denice, Casting gammounds3 with bends and becks; Give to me some fat benefice, For wantonness some broke their necks ; And all the profit you shall have ; There was no play but cards and dice, Give me the name, take you the lave.? And aye Sir Flattery bare the price. But by his bulls were well come hame, Rounding and rowkings one to another, To make service he would think shame, Take you my part, said he, my brother, Then slip away withouten more, And make between us sicker bands,6 When he had got what he sought for, When aught shall vaik 7 among our hands, Methought it was a piteous thing That each man stand to help his fellow ; To see that fair young tender king, 1 hold thereto man, by Alhallow,

Of whom these gallants stood no awe, So you fish not within my bounds : To play with him pluck at the craw,3 That shall I not, by Godis wounds, They became rich, I you assure, Said he, but eirar8 take thy part.

But aye the prince remainèd poor, So shall I do, by Godis heart.

There was few of that garnison, 4 And if the thesaurer be our friend,

That learned him a good lesson ; Then shall we both get tack and teind :9 But some to crack, 5 and some to clatter : Take he our part, then who dare wrong us, Some played the fool, and some did flatter. But we shall part the pelf among us. Said one, Devil stick me with a knife, But haste us while the king is young,

But, sir, I know a maid in Fife, And let each man keep well his tongue,

One of the lustiest wanton lasses, And in each quarter have a spy,

Whereto, sir, by Saint Blaise, she passes. Us to advertise hastily,

Hold thy tongue, brother, said the other, When any casualties

I know fairer by fifteen futher :6 Shall happen into our countries.

Sir, when ye please to Lithgow pass, Let us make sure provision,

There shall ye see a lusty lass. Ere he come to discretion.

Now trittle trattle, troly low,7 No more he knows than doth a sanct, Said the third man, thou dost but mow,8 What thing it is to have or want : When his grace comes to fair Stirling, So ere he come to perfect age,

There shall he see a day's darling. We shall be sicker of our wage ;

Sir, said the fourth, take my counsel, And let each carl crave another.

And go all to an high bordel ;

here may ye loup at liberty, Play at ball.

6 Secure bonds. ? Sliding down hill. 7 Become vacant.

5 Gossip, talk. 3 Gambols. 8 Lease and tithe. 2 Remainder.

6 Times, quantities. 4 Prize.

9 Sooner, rather. 3 Plundered him. 7 Unmeaning refrain. 5 Whispering and crouching.

4 Company, party.

1 Hang.

8 Jest.

Withouten any gravity.
Thus every man said for himself,
And did among them part the pelf,
But I, alas ! or ever I wist,
Was trodden down into the dust :
With heavy charge withouten more,
But I knew never yet wherefore ;
And hastily before my face,
Another slipped into my place :
Whilk full lightly got his reward,
And styled was the Ancient laird.'
That time I might make no defence,
But took perforce in patience ;
Praying to send them a mischance
That had the court in governance :
The whilk against me did malign,
Contrar the pleasure of the king :
For well I knew his Grace's mind
Was ever to me true and kind;
And contrar their intention,
Caused pay me well my pension ;
Though I a while lacked presence,
He let me have none indigence,
When I durst neither peep nor look;
Yet would I hide me in a nook,
To see these uncouth vanities,
How they like many busy bees,
Did occupy their golden hours,
With help of their new governours ;
But my Complaint for to complete,
I got the sour, and they the sweet.
And John Macrerie, the king's fool,
Got double garments against yule.
Yet in his most triumphant glore,
For his reward got the grandgore;
Now in the court seldom he goes,
In dread men tread upon his toes.
As I that time durst not be seen,
In open court for both mine een :
Alas! I have no time to tarry,
To show you all the fiery fary : 2
How those that had the governance,
Among themselves raised variance.

And who most to my skaith consented, Within few years full sore repented, When they could make me no remead, For they were harled' out by the head : And others took the governing, Well worse than they in all kind thing. Those lordis took no more regard, But who might purchase best reward : Some of their friends got benefices, And other some got bishoprices : For every lord, as he thought best, Brought in a bird to fill the nest, To be a watchman to his marrow," They 'gan to draw at the cat harrow.3 The proudest prelates of the kirk Were fain to hide them in the mirk, That time so failed was their sight, Sen syne they may not thole + the light Of Christ's true gospel to be seen, So blinded are their corporal een With worldly lustis sensual, Taking in realms the governal, Both guiding court and session,5 Contrar to their profession; Wherefore I think they should have shame, Of spiritual priests to take the name ; For Isaias into his wark, Calls them dumb dogs that cannot bark, That called are priests, and cannot preach, Nor Christ's law to the people teach; If for to preach been their profession, Whyshould they melló with court or session, Except it were in spiritual things, Referring unto lords and kings Temporal causes to be decided. If they their spiritual office guided, Each man might say they did their parts; But if they can play at the carts,7 And mollet moylies on a mule, Though they had never seen the school, Yet at this day, as well as than,

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Proprietor,

squire.

? Bustle and confu

sion.

Will be made such a spiritual man. And thou to no man art subjected,
Princes, that such prelates promoves, Nor to such counsellors coacted.
Account thereof to give behoves :

The four great virtues cardinals, Which shall not pass without punishment, I see them with the principals : Except they mend and sore repent; For Justice holds her sword on high, And with due ministration,

With her balance of equity; Work after their vocation.

And in this realm hath made such order, I wish the thing that will not be,

Both through the Highland and the Their perverse prelates are so high,

Border,
When once that they be called lords, That Oppression and all his fellows
They are occasion of discords :

Are hanged high upon the gallows.
And largely will propinis hight,'

Dame Prudence has thee by the head, To cause each lord with other fight, And temperance doth thy bridle lead. If for their part it may avail :

I see dame Force make assistance, So to the purpose of my tale.

Bearing thy targe of assurance, That time in court rose great debate, And lusty lady Chastity, And every lord did strive for state, Hath banisht Sensuality. That all the realm might make no redding, 2 | Dame Riches takes on thee such cure, Till on each side there was blood-shed. I pray God that she long endure, ding ;

That Poverty dare not be seen, And fielded 3 other in land and burgh, Into thine house for both her een ; At Lithgow, Melrose, and Edinburgh, But from thy grace fled many miles, But to deplore I think great pain,

Among the hunters in the isles. Of noble men that there were slain : Dissimulance dare not show her face, And as longsome to be reported,

Which wont for to beguile thy grace. Of them whilk to the court resorted, Folly is fled out of the town, As tyrants, traitors, and transgressors, Which aye was contrary to reason : And common public plain oppressors. Policy and Peace begin to plant, Men murderers, and common thieves,

That virtuous men can never want ; Into that court got their relieves.

And as for slothful idle lowns, There were few lords in all these lands, Shall fettered be in the galeyons. ? But to new Regents made their bands ;* John upon-land3 been glad, I trow, Then rose a reek or e'er I wist,

Because the rush bush keeps his cow : The which gart all their bandis birst. So there is nought I understand, Then they alone whilk had the guiding, Without good order in this land, They could not keep their feet from sliding; Except the Spirituality, But of their lives they had such dread, Praying thy grace thereto have eye : That they were fain to trot oure Tweed.5 Cause them make ministration, Now, potent prince, I say to thee,

Conform to their vocation : I thank the Holy Trinity

To preach with unfeigned intents, That I have lived to see the day,

And truly use the sacraments, That all the world is went away,

After Christ's institutions,

Leaving their vain traditions, - Presents, promise. 4 Ponds of man-rent. · Peace, settlement. 5 Refers to the flight

i Idle rogues.

3 General name for 3 Fought.

of the Douglases.
2 The galleys.

farmers.

2

1

Which do the silly sheep illude,' For whom Christ Jesus shed his blood : As superstitious pilgrimages, Praying to graven images, Express against the Lord's command : I do thy grace to understand, If thou to men's laws assent, Against the Lord's commandement, As Jeroboam and many mo, Princes of Israel also, Consenters to Idolatry, Whilk punisht were right piteously, And from their realms rooted out, So shalt thou be withouten doubt, Both here and hyne withouten more, And lack the everlasting glore. But if thou wilt thine heart incline, And keep his blessed law divine, As did the faithful patriarchs, Both in their words, and in their warks : And as did many faithful kings Of Israel, during their reigns ; As king David and Solomon, Who images would suffer none, In their rich temple for to stand, Because it was not God's command ; But destroyed all idolatry, As in the scripture thou may see. Whose rich reward was heavenly bliss, Which shall be thine, thou doing this. Since thou hast chosen such a guard, Now am I sure to get reward : And since thou art the richest king That ever in this realm did rign,3 Of gold and stones precious, Most prudent and ingenious, And hast thine honour done advance, In Scotland, England, and in France, By martial deedis honourable. And are to every virtue able, I know thy grace will not misken me, But thou wilt either give or lend me : Would thy grace lend me to, ane day,

Of gold a thousand pound or tway,' And I shall fix with good intent, Thy grace a day of payment, With sealed obligation, Under this protestation : When the Bass and the Isle of Mai, Beis set upon the Mount Sinai ; When the Lowmond beside Falkland, Beis lifted to Northumberland: When kirkmen yearns? no dignity, Nor wives no sovereignty ; Winter without frost, snow, wind or rain, Then shall I give thy gold again. Or I shall make to thee payment After the day of Judgment, Within a moneth at the least, When St Peter shall make a feast To all the fishers of Aberlady, So thou have mine acquittance ready Failing thereof, by Saint Fillain, Thy grace gets never a groat again. Gif thou be not content of this, I must request the King of bliss, That he to me have some regard, And cause thy grace me to reward : For David king of Israel, Who was the great prophet royal, Says, God hath whole at his command The hearts of princes in his hand, Even as He lists 3 them for to turn, That must they do without sojourn : 4 Some to exalt in dignity, And sometime lords to bind in cords, And some to deprive in poverty. Sometime of laymen to make lords And them all utterly destroy. As pleaseth God that noble Roy: For thou art but an instrument Of that great King Omnipotent. So when it pleaseth thine excellence, Thy grace shall make me recompence, Or He shall cause me stand content, Of quiet life and sober rent,

I Two.

* Deceive. 2 Hence.

3 Misknow, forget. * Reign.

3 Wills, pleases. 4 Delay.

? Ardently desire.

I

IV.

five;

I.

And take me in my latter age,

III. Unto my simple hermitage,

Quintin, Merser, Rowl, Henderson, Hay And spend it that mine elders won,

and Holland, As did Diogenes in his tun;

Though they be dead, their libles' are Of this Complaint, with mind full meek,

livand; Thy grace's answer, sir, I beseik. Which to rehearse makes readers to rejoice,

Alas ! for one that lamp was in this land,
Of eloquence the flowing balmy strand;

And in our English rhetoric the rose,
THE TESTAMENT AND

As of rubies the carbuncle is chose.?
COMPLAINT

And as Phoebus doth Cynthia precel, Of our Sovereign Lord, King James the So Gawin Douglas bishop of Dunkel, Fifth, his Papingo," lying sore wounded, and may not die, till every man have Had, when he was into this land alive, heard what she says. Wherefore, gentle Above vulgar poets prerogative, readers, haste you, that she may be put Both in practick and speculation. out of pain.

I say no more, good readers may descrive

His worthy works, in number mo than THE PROLOGUE.

And specially the true translation Although I had ingine ? angelical,

Of Virgil, which been consolation With sapience more than Solomonical, To cunning men,3 to know his great ingine I not 3 what matter put in memory : As well in natural science, as divine. The poets old in stile heroical, In brief and subtle terms rhetorical. Of every matter, tragedy and story, And in the court been present in these So ornately to their high laud and glory,

days, Have done indite, whose supreme sapi- That ballads, brieves, lustily and lays,

Which to our prince daily they do present; Transcendeth far the dull intelligence Who can say more than Sir James Inglis

says,

In ballads, farces, and in pleasant plays? Of poets, now into our vulgar tongue :

But Culross hath his pen made impotent; For why, the bell of rhetoric been rung

Kid, in cunning and practick right prudent: By Chaucer, Gower, Lidgate laureat,

And Stewart, who desires a stately stile, Who dare presume these poets to impugn, Full ornate workis daily doth compile. Whose sweet sentence through Albion

been sung? Or who can now the workis counterfeit, Stewart of Lorn will carp4 most curiously, Of Kennedy, with termis aureat,

Galbraith, Kinloch, when they list them Of wise Dunbar, who language had at apply, large,

Into that art, are crafty of ingine ; As may be seen into his Golden Targe?

1 Writings.

3 Skilful, knowing. i Green parrot.

Ingenuity.
3 Know not.
Choice.

4 Write satirically.

V.

ence

II.

VI.

2

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