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Trows thou, butcher, that I will buy blind Nae, then gossip, give me my groat again. lambs : What say ye maister, call ye this good Give me my groat; the devil dryte in thy reason ?

gams. That he should promise me ane gay pardon,

Pardoner. And he receive my money in his stead, Swith ! stand aback! I trow this man be Syne make me nae payment till I be dead. mangèd :When I am dead, I wat full sickerly, Thou gets not this, carl, though thou should My silly soul will pass to purgatory :

be hanged. Declare me this : now God, nor Belial bind

Pauper. thee,

Give me my groat weel bound intill ane When I am there, curst carl, where shall

clout, I find thee?

Or, by God's bread, Robin shall bear ane Not into heaven, but rather into hell :

rout. When thou art there thou cannot help thysell ;

[Here shall they fight, and PAUPER shall When thou art come my dolours till abate, cast down the board and relics in the Or I thee find, my hips will get ane hait. water.)


1492 (?)-1550 (?). This learned ecclesiastic is more dis. | inconstancy of court favour.

It was tinguished as a prose writer and scholar, probably during his temporary alienathan as a poet ; and there is no reason tion from court that Lindsay, in the for supposing that he cultivated poetry “Complaint of the Papyngo,” describes to any great extent. Neither the date him asnor the place of his birth are known

“Ane plant of poetis, callèd Ballendyne, Haddington and Berwick shires are the

Whose ornate workis my wit cannot define : only places even suggested. The date of Get he into court auctoritie, his matriculation at St Andrews, 1508, He will precell Quintyn and Kennedy." gives the nearest approximation as data

It would not be long after this that for estimating the time of his birth. He he was recalled, for, in 1530, and the completed his educationat the University three following years, it is shown by of Paris, where he took his degree of the Treasurer's accounts that he was doctor of divinity. He himself states that he was in the service of James and Boece's History of Scotland, by

engaged upon the Translation of Livy, V. from his infancy, as clerk of his accounts, but that he experienced the

2 Robin Rome-raker, the Pardoner.

i Mad.





request of the King. For the former,

A POLITICAL HOMIL Y. which only extended to the first five books, he was paid £36, and for the

Proheme to Boece's Chronicles. latter £78.

But besides these payments, he was promoted to the Archdeaconry of Moray, Thou martial book ! pass to the noble

prince, and, about the same time, was made a

King James the Fift, my Sovereign maist Canon of Ross. The translation of Boece was printed And gif some time thou gettis audience,

preclair, soon after it was written, bụt the year In humble wise unto his grace declare is not given in the title-page or else. My wakerif nightis and my labour sare, where. Livy remained in MS. till Whilk ithandly? has for his pleasure tak, 1822, when it was published in the While golden Titan with his burnand chair complete edition of his works edited by Has past all signis of the Zodiac. Maitland, from the MS. in the Advocate's Library. These two works, says While busy Ceres with her plough and Dr Irving, exhibit the most ample

harrows specimen of ancient Scottish prose that Has filled her granges 3 full of every corn; has descended to our times, and are dis. And stormy Chiron with his bow and tinguished beyond most others by their fluency and neatness of style ; nor can Has all the cloudis of the heavenis shorn, we peruse these translations without And schill Tryton with his windy horn being convinced that the writer's learn. Ourewhelmed all the flowand ocean ; ing and talents had qualified him for And Phoebus turned under Capricorn,

The samen greis 4 where I first began. original compositions.” The “Epistle to James V.,” which prefaces Boece's History, is written with a manly boldness Sen thou art drawen sae compendius and dignity, which is creditable to both Frae flowand Latin into vulgar prose, the King and the author. It also con- Show now what princes been maist veys a high idea of his skill and taste vicious, in the art of poetical composition.

And wha has been of chivalry the rose. Bellenden was strenuously opposed Wha did their kingriksin maist honourjois, 6 to the Reformation ; but having gone to And with their blood our liberties has coft ;? Rome, he is said to have died there in Regarding not to die among their foes, 1550, before that mighty current of Sae that they might in memory be brought. religious and political thought had swept away that ecclesiastical system which, Show by what danger, and difficile 8 ways if all its priesthood were Bellendens, Our ancestours, at their utter mightis would at least have presented a more

1 Illustrious. venerable aspect to posterity.

5 Kingdom. Diligently.

6 Joy, rejoice.




7 Bought. 4 Degrees.

3 Farms,

8 Difficult.


Has brought this realm with honour to

VIII. our days,

The awful churl is of ane other strynd, Aye fightand for their liberties and rightis Through he be a born to vilest servitude ; With Romans, Danes, Englishmen, and There may nae gentrice sink into his mind, Picktis,

To help his friend or neighbour with his As teous readers may through thy good. process ken.

The bloody wolf is of the samen stud ; Therefore, thou ganis' for nae caitive He fears great beasts and rages on the wightis

small, Allanerly,but unto noble men.

And lives in slaughter, tyranny, and blood,
But3any mercy where he may ourethrawl. 4


And to sic personis as covets for to hear

IX. The valiant deeds of our progenitors,

This man is born ane noble, thou will say, And how this country, both in peace and And given to sleuth Sand lust immoderate; weir,

All that his elders won he puts away, Been governéd unto these present hours.

And frae their virtue is degenerate. How forcy 3 chieftainis, in many bloody The more his elders' fame is elevate, stours, 4

The more their lifeto honour do approach; (As now is blawin by my vulgar pen),

Their fame and loving aye interminate, Maist valiantly won landis and honours, The more is aye unto his vice reproach. And for their virtue callèd noble men.


Among the host of Greekis, as we heard, For nobleness sometime the loving is

Two knightis were, Achilles and Tersite; That comis by merits of our elders gone ; | That ane maist valiant, this other maist As Aristotle writis in his rhetorics,

coward. Among noblis wha castin them repone 5 Better is to be, says Juvenal the poet, Mon dress their life and deedis one by one, Tersitus' son, havand Achilles spreit,6 To make them worthy to have memory With manly force, his purpose to fulfil, For honour to their prince or nation, Than to be lord of every land and street, To be in glore to their posterity.

And syne maist coward, comen of Achill.

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XVI. The glore of armis and of forcy deeds, Thus to all nobles sen thou art dedicate, When they are worthy to be memorial, Show briefly how by my great dilligence, Naeless by wit than manhood aye proceeds, Ilk story by the self' is separate, As Pliny wrote in story natural.

To make them bowsome? to thine audiAne herd of hartis is mair strong at all, Havand ane lion agains the hounds to four, Shrink not, therefore, but bide at thy Than herd of lions arrayèd in batall,

sentence ; Havand ane hart to be their governour. Sen thou art armed with invincible truth ;

Of gentle readers, take benevolence,

And care of others nae envy nor ruth.3
When fierce Achilles was by Paris slain,
Among the Greeks began ane subtle plead

XVII. Whawas maist noble and prudent captain, Pass now to light with all thy sentence high Into his place and armour to succeed. Grounded, but feid 4 or assentation, Whaсouth'them best in every danger lead, In natural and moral philosophy, And save their honour as he did afore. With many grave and pregnant orrison ; The valiant Ajax wan not for his manhead, Made to the reader's erudition When wise Ulyssus bore away the glore. By the renounèd Hector Boetius :

Supported oft with Scotichronicon,

To make thy matter more sententious. Manhead but’ prudence is ane fury blind,

And brings a man to shame and indigence;
Prudence but manhood comis oft behind, Bring noble deeds of many yearis gone,

As fresh and recent to our memory,
Howbeit it have nae less intelligence
Of things to come than gone by sapience.

As they were but into our dayis done; Therefore, when wit and manhood doth

That noble men may have both laud and

glory concur, The honour rises with magnificence,

For their excellent bruit of victory.
For glore to nobles is ane grounden spur.3 And yet, because my time has been so short,

I think when I have opportunity

To ring their bell 5 into ane other sort. Sen thou contains mo valiant men and wise


Leir 6 kings to hate all people vicious, Than ever was read in any book, but doubt ;

And nae sic persons in their house receive ;

And suffer nae servantis avaricious, Gif any churl or villain thee despise, Bid hence him harlot ! he is not of this Oure sharp exactions on their subditis 7

crave, rout ;

That not be done without their honour safe, For here are kings, and many nobles stout, And nane of them pertainand to his clan.

Seekand nae conques by unleful wanis.7 Thou art so full of nobleness per tout, 4

4 Without feud. I wald nane read thee but ane nobleman.

? Entertaining. 5 Resound their praise.

3 Have no care for the 6 Learn. I Who could. 3 Sharp stimulus.

7 Subjects. ? Without. 4 Altogether, entirely. others.

envy or pity of

8 Unlawful customs.



By itself.

Show many reasons how nae king might | For, when their subdittis are oppressed sair, have

And finds nae justice in their actions, His baron's heartis and their gear at anis." Then rises noise and rumour populare,

And drawis the noblis in sundry factions. XX. Show how the kingis life and governance

XXIV. The mirror of living to his people been.

Show what punition, by reason of justice, For as he livis, by his ordinance

Effeirs to they unhappy creaturis The same manners are with his people

That nouris' kingis in corrupted vice.

And show what trouble, what vengeance seen ; And therefore kingis has nae open rein?

and injury
To use all pleasures as them likis best ; Continually into this realm enduris,
The higher honour and office they sustain, When men obscure and avaricious
Their vice is aye the higher manifest. Has of the king the guiding in their curis, 2

And makes the nobles to him odious.

Show now what kind of soundis musical
Is maist seemand to valiant chivaliers ;

Show how great barons, for their evil

obeysance, As thunderan blast of trumpet bellical The spreits of men to hardy courage steers,

Agains their prince makand rebellion, So singing, fiddling, and piping not affeirs3 Deteckéd been frae their high governance, For men of honour, nor of high estate ;

And brought to signal exterminion.3 Because it spouts sweet venom in their ears, Show how nae house of great dominion, And makes their mindis all effeminate.

Nae men of riches, nor excellent might,
May long continue in this region,

Because the people may not suffer hight.
By many reasonis of great experience,

Show how nae thing into this erd 4 may be Show how kirkis the superflew rent 4
So good, so precious, as ane virtuous Is enemy to good religion,
prince ;

And makes priestis more sleuthful than Whilk is so needful to this realm, that we

fervent, But him 5 hasnought but death and poverty. In pietous workis and devotion. Show how nae guard nor armour may And not allanerly 5 perdition defend

Of common weal by bullis sumptuous, Unhappy life, and cursèd tyranny, But to evil prelatis great occasion (Gif they continue) but mischievous end.

To rage in lust, and vice maist vicious.


XXVII. Persuade all kings, gif they have any sight, Show how young knightis should be men To long empire, or honour singular,

of weir,
To conques favour, and love of every wight, With hardy spreit at every jeopardy,
And every wrangis in their realm repair. Like as their elders been sae many year,
I Goods at the same

3 Is unbecoming
I Nourish.

4 The superfluous in4 Earth.

2 Charge. time.

come of churches. ? Unrestricted power. 5 Without him. 3 Extermination. 5 Alone, only.

U (5)

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