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Coarse fare and carrion please thee full as Never to think of death and of ourselves well,

At the same time ! as if to learn to die And leave as keen a relish on the sense. Were no concern of ours. Oh! more than Look, how the fair one weeps! the con- sottish ! scious tears

For creatures of a day in gamesome mood Stand thick as dewdrops on the bells of To frolic on eternity's dread brink, flowers :

Unapprehensive ; when, for aught we Honest effusion ! the swoln heart in vain know, Works hard to put a gloss on its distress. The very first swoln surge shall sweep us

in ! Tell us, ye Dead! will none of you in pity Think we, or think we not, time hurries on To those you left behind, disclose the With a resistless unremitting stream, secret?

Yet treads more soft than e'er did midOh! that some courteous ghost would night thief, blab it out

That slides his hand under the miser's What’tis you are, and we must shortly be. pillow, I've heard that souls departed have some- And carries off his prize. What is this times

world ? Forewarned men of their death. 'Twas What, but a spacious burial-field unwalled, kindly done

Strewed with death's spoils, the spoils of To knock and give the alarm. But what animals

Savage and tame, and full of dead men's This stinted charity? 'Tis but lame kind- bones!

The very turf on which we tread, once That does its work by halves. Why might

lived ;

And we that live must lend our carcasses Tell us what 'tis to die? Do the strict | To cover our own offspring : in their turns laws

They too must cover theirs. "Tis here all Of your society forbid your speaking

meet ! Upon a point so nice? I'll ask no more. The shivering Icelander, and sun-burnt Sullen, like lamps in sepulchres, your shine Moor ; Enlightens but yourselves. Well- 'tis Men of all climes, that never met before, no matter ;

And of all creeds, the Jew, the Turk, the A very little time will clear up all,

Christian ! And make us learn'd as you are, and as Here the proud prince, and favourite yet close.


His sovereign's keeper, and the people's On this side, and on that, men see scourge, their friends

Are huddled out of sight. Here lie Drop off, like leaves in autumn; yet

abashed launch out

The great negotiators of the earth, Into fantastic schemes, which the long And celebrated masters of the balance, livers

Deep read in stratagems and wiles of In the world's hale and undegenerate days courts : Could scarce have leisure for. Fools that Now vain their treaty-skill! Death scorns we are !

to treat.


you not

Here the o'erloaded slave flings down his And jovial youth, of lightsome vacant burden

heart, From his galled shoulders; and when the Whose every day was made of melody, cruel tyrant,

Hears not the voice of mirth : the shrillWith all his guards and tools of power tongued shrew, about him,

Meek as the turtle-dove, forgets her chidIs meditating new unheard of hardships, ing. Mocks his short arm, and quick as thought Here are the wise, the generous, and the escapes

brave; Where tyrants vex not, and the weary The just, the good, the worthless, and rest,

profane, Here the warm lover, leaving the cool | The downright clown, and perfectly wellshade,

bred ; The tell-tale echo, and the babbling The fool, the churl, the scoundrel, and stream,

the mean ; Time out of mind the favourite seats of The supple statesman, and the patriot love,

stern ; Fast by his gentle mistress lays him down, The wrecks of nations, and the spoils of Unblasted by foul tongue. Here friends time, and foes

With all the lumber of six thousand years. Lie close, unmindful of their former feuds. The lawn-robed prelate and plain presby- What havoc hast thou made, foul ter,

monster, Sin ! Erewhile that stood aloof, as shy to meet, Greatest and first of ills! the fruitful parent Familiar mingle here, like sister streams Of woes of all dimensions ! But for thee That some rude interposing rock had split. Sorrow had never been. All-noxious thing, Here is the large-limbed peasant : here Of vilest nature ! Other sorts of evils the child

Are kindly circumscribed, and have their Of a span long, that never saw the sun, bounds. Nor pressed the nipple, strangled in life's The fierce volcano, from his burning enporch.

trails Here is the mother, with her sons and That belches molten stone and globes of daughters ;

fire, The barren wife; the long-demurring Involved in pitchy clouds of smoke and maid,

stench, Whose lonely unappropriated sweets Mars the adjacent fields for some leagues Smiled like yon knot of cowslips on the cliff, round, Not to be come at by the willing hand. And there it stops. The big-swoln inunHere are the prude severe, and gay dation, coquette,

Of mischief more diffusive, raving loud, The sober widow, and the young green Buries whole tracts of country, threat'ning virgin,

more ; Cropp'd like a rose, before 'tis fully blown, But that too has its shore it cannot pass. Or halfits worth disclosed. Strange medley More dreadful far than these, Sin has laid here!

waste, Here garrulous old age winds up his tale; | Not here and there a country, but a world;


Despatching at a wide-extended blow Compared to thee, are harmless! SickEntire mankind, and for their sakes defacing

Of ev'ry size and symptom, racking pains A whole creation's beauty with rude hands; And bluest plagues are thine ! See how Blasting the foodful grain, and loaded the fiend branches,

Profusely scatters the contagion round ! And marking all along its way with ruin! Whilst deep-mouth'd Slaughter, bellowAccursed thing! Oh where shall fancy find ing at her heels, A proper name to call thee by, expressive Wades deep in blood new-spilt ; yet for Of all thy horrors? Pregnant womb of ills ? Of temper so transcendently malign, Shapes out new work of great uncommon That toads and serpents of most deadly daring. kind,

And inly pines till the dread blow is struck.





THOMSON and Mallet, the first two his life he retained the friendship of Scottish poets of the modern school eminent men, who must have known as whose writings show no trace of their much about the conduct for which he nationality, belong to each of the two is censured by posterity, as Dr Johnson distinct races that compose the Scottish or Boswell, his chief detractors. people—Thomson being a pure Saxon, Mallet's original surname, Malloch, and Mallet a pure Celt. They were has been derived from two Gaelic born within a few years of one another, roots, one of which at least is a very became fast friends as students, com- improbable source, namely Mallaich, menced their literary career together, cursed, supposed to refer to the proand remained fast friends during the scription of the Clan M'Gregor, whom rest of their lives. They were of very the Mallochs are said to represent. different dispositions and characters ; That a clan which boasted of being the Thomson being very much of an abstract, descendants of “ Alpin who reigned in impracticable dreamer, who made no Dunstaffnage,” should assume a surname enemies, and Mallet a shrewd, versatile, that implied their disgrace, is not conand accomplished man of the world, sistent with common-sense. The other, whose success excited the envy of many and more rational derivation, that from of his contemporaries, and whose be. Malach, large - browed, or large-eye. haviour in several acts of his career ex- browed, which may be idiomatically posed his memory to animadversions, rendered “The Grim,” is not without from which there is nothing left to de- precedent in Highland designations. fend him beyond the fact that during That Mallet believed that the Mallochs




were connected with the M‘Gregors is burgh, on such terms as admitted of his implied in the fact that, when he used attending the University at the same a crest, he adopted that of the M‘Gre- time. It was then that he made the gors, and gave one of his daughters that acquaintance of Thomson, when the two

became fast friends. Neither his parentage, nor his birth- Mallet was also a literary confidant place, have been traced with certainty-of Allan Ramsay, who wrote some his latest biographer, Dr Dinsdale, stanzas addressed to him on the occahaving abandoned the traditional belief sion of his leaving Scotland, from which that he was the son of James Malloch, it appears that William and Mar. an innkeeper in Crieff, adopts that of his garet was known to Ramsay a year at being the son of James Malloch and least before it was published in EngBeatrix who occupied the farm of land. Dunruchan (Dun fraochan, Heathery On the recommendation of the UniKnowe), about four miles from Crieff.versity professors, Mallet was appointed The session records of Crieff place it tutor to the sons of the Duke of Monbeyond doubt that a James Malloch and trose and in this capacity he accom. his wife Beatrix Clerk kept an inn at panied the family to London in 1723. Crieff in 1704, and the strange coincid. In 1724, he sent“William and Margaret" ence oftwo James Mallochs, both of whose as an anonymous contribution to the wives were named Beatrix, is sufficient Plain Dealer, Aaron Hill's serial. From to account for the confusion as to the the introduction by the author of the identity of the poet's parents.

Plain Dealer, and Ramsay's reference, it To whichever of the two he belonged, would appear as if it was first printed in he was educated at the parish school of one of those ephemeral“ pennyworths,” Crieff, under Mr Ker, afterwards one of in which Ramsay published a great many the masters of the High School, Edin- of his own pieces before adopting the burgh, and subsequently professor both more ambitious profession of bookseller in Aberdeen and Edinburgh Universities and publisher, for which he abandoned It is probably to his teacher, who con- wig-making. The fame of Mallet's tinued his friend during life, that he ballad, and his own address, soon proowed his appointment, at the age of cured his introduction into the best litefifteen or sixteen, as janitor of the High rary society in London, and he became School of Edinburgh. He is said to the intimate acquaintance of Pope, have studied in Aberdeen for some Young, and other literary magnates of time, but this does not appear to have the time. In 1726, he changed his name been the case ; for though that Univer- to Mallet, on the plea that Englishmen sity in 1726 conferred on him the degree were unable to pronounce Malloch; and of M.A., it was on account of a poem in in 1727, he made the tour of Europe with imitation of Professor Ker's “Doniades.” his pupils. In 1728, he published the In 1720, he became tutor in the family “Excursion," after the style of Thomof Mr Home of Dreghorn, near Edinson's “Winter," but with little resemb


lance to his friend's verse beyond the In 1742, he was made under-secretary manner.

to the Prince of Wales, and shortly afterHis next literary effort was “Eury- wards he married his second wife, Lucy dice,”a tragedy, which was performed at Elstob, a lady with a fortune of £10,000, Drury Lane Theatre in 1731. A satire and like himself said to be of very adon Bently, entitled “Verbal Criticism,” | vanced religious opinions. he dedicated to Pope, on whose recom- On the death of the Duchess of Marl. mendation he received the appointment borough, in 1744, it was found that of tutor and travelling companion to she left £ 1000 to Glover, the author of Mr Newsham, son of Mrs Knight of “ Leonidas," and Mallet jointly, on conGosfield. In this situation he remained dition of writing a memoir of her husfor five years, during part of which he band, the great duke. Glover declined was abroad with his pupil. He also in consequence of its being made a matriculated at Oxford, along with Mr stipulation that the life, before being Newsham, in 1734, and obtained the published, was to be submitted to the degree of M.A. About the same time inspection of the Earl of Chesterfield. he received the same honour from the Mallet undertook the work alone, and University of Edinburgh.

had a pension allowed him by the His first marriage, of which so little second Earl of Marlborough ; yet notis known, is supposed to have taken withstanding his having accepted the place at this time; for his wife, whose money, the life never made its appearname was Susanna, died in January ance. 1741, leaving him with a family of three In 1747, he published Amyntor and daughters. In 1739, his tragedy of Theodora, a tale, in blank verse, of “Mustapha” was acted at Drury Lane; which the scene is laid in the island of it was dedicated to the Prince of Wales, St Kilda. Gibbon considered this to and the prologue was written by Thom- be Mallet's chief claim to poetic fame,

His next literary work was the but the result has not justified the hismasque of “ Alfred," written in con- torian's anticipations. junction with Thomson, and performed On Pope's death in 1744, Lord before the Prince of Wales at Cliefden, Bolingbroke discovered what he conin 1740. It was greatly altered by sidered a breach of faith on the part of Mallet in 1751, after Thomson's death, the poet, and Mallet drew up a stateand was represented at Drury Lane ment of the case against Pope in the Theatre. In this piece first appeared form of an advertisement to an edition the song of “Rule Britannia,” whose of Bolingbroke's “ Patriot King,” of composition is generally attributed to which Pope was said to have surreptitiThomson, though more than one of ously printed an edition of 1500 copies. Mallet's biographers claim it for him. Bolingbroke died in 1751, and left About this time he wrote a life of Lord Mallet the legacy of his writings, which Bacon, as a preface to an edition of in 1754 he published in five volumes. Bacon's works.

In 1755, his Masque of Britanin was re(8)

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