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were connected with the M'Gregors is burgh, on such terms as admitted of his implied in the fact that, when he used attending the University at the same a crest, he adopted that of the M'Gre- time. It was then that he made the gors, and gave one of his daughters that acquaintance of Thomson, when the two

became fast friends. Neither his parentage, nor his birth- Mallet was also a literary confidant place, have been traced with certainty-of Allan Ramsay, who wrote some his latest biographer, Dr Dinsdale, stanzas addressed to him on the occahaving abandoned the traditional belief sion of his leaving Scotland, from which that he was the son of James Malloch, it appears that “ William and Mar. an innkeeper in Crieff, adopts that of his garet was known to Ramsay a year at being the son of James Malloch and least before it was published in Enge Beatrix who occupied the farm of land. Duņruchan (Dun fraochan, Heathery On the recommendation of the Uni. Knowe), about four miles from Crieff

. versity professors, Mallet was appointed The session records of Crieff place it tutor to the sons of the Duke of Monbeyond doubt that a James Malloch and trose ; and in this capacity he accom

; his wife Beatrix Clerk kept an inn at panied the family to London in 1723. Crieff in 1704, and the strange coincid. In 1724, he sent“William and Margaret" ence oftwo James Mallochs, both of whose as an anonymous contribution to the wives were named Beatrix, is sufficient | Plain Dealer, Aaron Hill's serial. From to account for the confusion as to the the introduction by the author of the identity of the poet's parents.

Plain Dealer, and Ramsay's reference, it To whichever of the two he belonged, would appear as if it was first printed in he was educated at the parish school of one of those ephemeral “ pennyworths,” Crieff, under Mr Ker, afterwards one of in which Ramsay published a great many the masters of the High School, Edin- of his own pieces before adopting the burgh, and subsequently professor both more ambitious profession of bookseller in Aberdeen and Edinburgh Universities. and publisher, for which he abandoned It is probably to his teacher, who con- wig-making. The fame of Mallet's tinued his friend during life, that he ballad, and his own address, soon proowed his appointment, at the age of cured his introduction into the best litefifteen or sixteen, as janitor of the High rary society in London, and he became School of Edinburgh. He is said to the intimate acquaintance of Pope, have studied in Aberdeen for some Young, and other literary magnates of time, but this does not appear to have the time. In 1726, he changed his name been the case ; for though that Univer- to Mallet, on the plea that Englishmen sity in 1726 conferred on him the degree were unable to pronounce Malloch; and of M.A., it was on account of a poem in in 1727, he made the tour of Europe with imitation of Professor Ker's “Doniades.” | his pupils. In 1728, he published the In 1720, he became tutor in the family | “Excursion,” after the style of Thomof Mr Home of Dreghorn, near Edin- son's “Winter," but with little resemb.

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lance to his friend's verse beyond the In 1742, he was made under-secretary

to the Prince of Wales, and shortly afterHis next literary effort was “Eury- wards he married his second wife, Lucy dice," a tragedy, which was performed at Elstob, a lady with a fortune of£ 10,000, Drury Lane Theatre in 1731. A satire and like himself said to be of very adon Bently, entitled “Verbal Criticism,” | vanced religious opinions. he dedicated to Pope, on whose recom- On the death of the Duchess of Marl. mendation he received the appointment borough, in 1744, it was found that of tutor and travelling companion to she left £ 1000 to Glover, the author of Mr Newsham, son of Mrs Knight of “ Leonidas,” and Mallet jointly, on conGosfield. In this situation he remained dition of writing a memoir of her husfor five years, during part of which he band, the great duke. Glover declined was abroad with his pupil. He also in consequence of its being made a matriculated at Oxford, along with Mr stipulation that the life, before being Newsham, in 1734, and obtained the published, was to be submitted to the degree of M.A. out the same time inspection of the Earl of Chesterfield. he received the same honour from the Mallet undertook the work alone, and University of Edinburgh.

had a pension allowed him by the His first marriage, of which so little second Earl of Marlborough; yet notis known, is supposed to have taken withstanding his having accepted the place at this time; for his wife, whose money, the life never made its appearname was Susanna, died in January ance. 1741, leaving him with a family of three In 1747, he published Amyntor and daughters. In 1739, his tragedy of Theodora, a tale, in blank verse, of “Mustapha” was acted at Drury Lane; which the scene is laid in the island of it was dedicated to the Prince of Wales, St Kilda. Gibbon considered this to and the prologue was written by Thom- be Mallet's chief claim to poetic fame,

His next literary work was the but the result has not justified the hismasque of “ Alfred," written in con- torian's anticipations. junction with Thomson, and performed On Pope's death in 1744, Lord before the Prince of Wales at Cliefden, Bolingbroke discovered what he conin 1740. It was greatly altered by sidered a breach of faith on the part of Mallet in 1751, after Thomson's death, the poet, and Mallet drew up a stateand was represented at Drury Lane ment of the case against Pope in the Theatre. In this piece first appeared form of an advertisement to an edition the song of “Rule Britannia,” whose of Bolingbroke's

“ Patriot King,” of composition is generally attributed to which Pope was said to have surreptitiThomson, though more than one of ously printed an edition of 1500 copies. Mallet’s biographers claim it for him. Boling broke died in 1751, and left About this time he wrote a life of Lord Mallet the legacy of his writings, which Bacon, as a preface to an edition of in 1754 he published in five volumes. Bacon's works.

In 1755, his Masque of Britania was re(8)

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in 1763.

presented at Drury Lane ; and in 1756, WILLIAM AND MARGARET. he wrote a letter accusing Admiral Byng of cowardice, for which he is said, 'Twas at the silent solemn hour, without authority, however, to have got

When night and morning meet ; a pension. The probability of such in glided Margaret's grimly ghost, being the case may be judged of by the And stood at William's feet. fact that the party benefited was not then in power.

Her face was like an April morn In 1759, he published a collected edition of his own works in prose and And clay-cold was her lily hand

Clad in a wintry cloud; poetry, inscribed to Lord Mansfield;

That held her sable shroud. and in 1760 appeared “Edwin and Emma,” which, near the close of his life, is a resumption of his earliest style. In So shall the fairest face appear

When youth and years are flown : 1762, his “poems on several occasions” made their appearance, with a dedica. Such is the robe that kings must wear,

When death has reft their crown. tion to the Duke of Marlborough; and Elvira, his best tragedy, inscribed to Lord Bute, was represented at Drury Lane, Her bloom was like the springing flower,

This same year he received That sips the silver dew; the appointment of keeper of the Book | The rose was budded in her cheek! of Entries at the port of London. But

Just opening to the view. shortly after his health began to give way, and he made a visit to France,

But love had, like the canker-worm, accompanied by his wife. He did not Consumed her early prime ; long survive his return, for he died in The rose grew pale, and left her cheek, April 1765, in his sixty-third year.

She died before her time. Mallet's character as a man has been

VI. the subject of much animadversion, and Awake! she cried, thy true love calls, as a poet he cannot claim a high position.

Come from her midnight grave: That he was a man of great literary Now let thy pity hear the maid culture and talent, but rather of an imi. Thy love refused to save. tative than an original type, is evident. It is possible that his practical instincts, This is the dumb and dreary hour and the ambition to command an im

When injured ghosts complain ; portant social position, may have induced when yawning graves give up their dead, him to keep his original powers in To haunt the faithless swain. check, or to regard their cultivation as a hindrance to his advancement.

Bethink thee, William, of thy fault,

Thy pledge and broken oath !
And give me back my maiden-vow,

And give me back my troth.

V.

VII.

VIII.

IX.
Why did you promise love to me,

And not that promise keep?
Why did you swear my eyes were bright,

Yet leave those eyes to weep?

XVII.
And thrice he called on Margaret's name,

And thrice he wept full sore ;
Then laid his cheek to her cold grave,

And word spake never more !

I.

X.
How could you say my face was fair,
And yet that face forsake?

EDWIN AND EMMA.
How could you win my virgin heart,
Yet leave that heart to break ?

Far in the windings of a vale,

Fast by a sheltering wood,
XI.

The safe retreat of health and peace,
Why did you say my lip was sweet,
And made the scarlet pale ?

A humble cottage stood. And why did I, young witless maid !

II. Believe the flattering tale?

There beauteous Emma flourished fair,

Beneath a mother's eye ;
XII.

Whose only wish on earth was now
That face, alas ! no more is fair,

To see her blest, and die.
Those lips no longer red :

III.
Dark are my eyes, now closed in death,
And every charm is fled.

The softest blush that nature spreads

Gave colour to her cheek ;
XIII.

Such orient colour smiles through heaven, The hungry worm my sister is ;

When vernal mornings break. This winding sheet I wear :

IV. And cold and weary lasts our night,

Nor let the pride of great ones scorn Till that last morn appear.

This charmer of the plains :

That sun, who bids their diamonds blaze,
XIV.
But hark! the cock has warned me hence;

To paint our lily deigns.
A long and late adieu !
Come see, false man, how low she lies,

Long had she filled each youth with love, Who died for love of you.

Each maiden with despair ;

And though by all a wonder owned,
XV.

Yet knew not she was fair :
The lark sung loud ; the morning smiled
With beams of rosy red :

VI.
Pale William quaked in every limb, Till Edwin came, the pride of swains,
And raving left his bed.

A soul devoid of art ;

And from whose eye, serenely mild,
XVI.

Shone forth the feeling heart.
He hied him to the fatal place
Where Margaret's body lay ;

VII.
And stretched him on the grass-green turf A mutual flame was quickly caught,
That wrapt her breathless clay.

Was quickly too revealed ;

V.

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