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They dread so greatly then to-day Then till the door he went in hy,'
That their cowyn was wer and wer. And drew his sword deliverly :
For they, that fighting with them were, And said, 'Reiffar!? thou mon here out!'
Set hardiment, and strength, and will, The fox, that was in full great doubt,
And heart, and courage, all, there till Looked about, some hole to see ;
And all their main and all their might, But none issue perceive couth he,
To put them fully to (the) flight.

But where the man stood, sturdily.

A lauchtane 3 mantle then him by THE FISHER AND THE FOX, OR DOUGLAS' Lyand upon the bed he saw; ADVICE TO GIVE THE ENGLISH THE

And with his teeth he 'gan it draw SLIP.

Out o'er the fire: and when the man
The Lord Douglas said, “By Saint Bride, Saw his mantle lie bryand than,

To rid it ran he hastily.
It were great folly at this tide
Till us with swilk' an host to fight :

The fox got out then in great hy,
It growis, ilk day, of (mare) might,

And held his way his warand 4 till. And has victual therewith plenty;

The man let him beguiled ill,

That he his good salmon had tynt, 5 And in their country here are we,

And also had his mantle brynt; 6 Where there may come us no succours ;

And the fox scaithless7 got away.
Hard is to make us here resource ;

This ensample well I may say
Na we us may ferrar,” meat to get :
Swilk as we have here we mon 3 eat. By yon host and us that are here :

We are the fox; and they the fisher, Do we with our foes therefore,

That steks 8 forouth 9 us the way.
That are here lyand us before,
As Ik 4 heard tell this other year

They ween we may na get away,

But right where they lie. But, pardie, That a fox did with a fisher." “How did the fox?" the earl 'gan say.

All as they think it shall not be ;

For I have gert see us a gate to
He said, “A fisher whilhom lay
Besides a river, for to get

(Suppose that it be some deal wet) His nets that he had there set.

A page of ours we shall not tyne. "I

Our foes, for this small tranowntyn, 12 A little lodge thereby he made; And there-within a bed he had,

Wenys 13 well we shall pride us swa 14 And a little fire alsua.

That we plainly on hand shall tá 15 A door there was, for outyn ma.5

To give them openly bataill : A6 night, his nettis for to see,

But at this time their thought shall fail. He rose; and there well long dwelt he. For we tomorn here all the day And when he had done his deed,

Shall make as merry as we may; Toward his lodge again he yeid ;7

And make us boune agayn 16 the night; And, with light of the little fire, That in the lodge was brynand schyr,8 Haste.

9 Before. Intill his lodge a fox he saw,

? Be-reaver, reaver, robber. That fast on a salmon 'gan gnaw.

3 Made of cloth.

4 Place of security, warren. I Such. 5 Made for getting out. 5 Lost.

13 Thinkest. ? Farther. 6 One.

6 Burut; old English, brent. 3 Must. 7 Went, hied. 7 Without harm.

15 Take. 8 Burning clear.

8 Bars, shuts.

16 Ready against.



10 Way. 11 Lose.

12 Stratagem.

14 So.

4 I've.


And then ger make our fires light, And the treis begouth to ma
And blow our horns, and make fare Burgeans, and brycht blomis alswa,
As all the world our ane were,

To wyn the helyng of thair hewid
Quhill' that the night well fallen be ; That wykkyt winter had thaim rewid ;
And then, with all our harness, we And all gressys beguth to spryng.
Shall take our way homeward in hy. Into that tyme the nobill Kyng,
And we shall gyita be graithly, 3

With his flote and a few mengye, Quhill we be out of their danger

Thre hundyr, I trow, thai mycht be, That lies now enclosed here.

Is to the se owte of Arane,
Then shall we all be at our will:

A littil forouth, ewyn gane.
And they shall let them trumpet ill,
Fra4 they wit well we be away."

[Paraphrase.) To this, wholly, assented they.

'Twas in the spring, when winter's tide, With blasts that bitter are to bide,

Was past and gone ; when songsters SPRING.

small, To show the author's observation and love of The turtle and the nightingale, nature-that universal test of poetical genius, Began, from every bush and bower, we give this specimen in the original spelling, Sweet notes of various sound to pour, followed by a paraphrased version by Mr

Melodious songs of pleasant cheer, Tytler, in Scott's romance measure, which reads

'Stead piping winds with descant drear; like an extract from the Lord of the Isles.

When trees their summer weeds assume, This wes in Ver, quhen wynter tyde, With opening buds of freshest bloom, With his blastis hidwyus to byde

And tresses green by woods are worn, Was our drywyn, and birdys smale, That wicked winter's blasts had torn, As turturis and the nychtyngale,

And fields their emerald mantles wear, Begouth rycht sairely to syng,

Then forth the noble king did fare ; And for mak in thair singyng

His galleys launch'd, aboard there were Swete notis, and sownys ser,

Scarce full three hundred men-the while And melodys pleasand to her.

He steer'd his course from Arran's isle.


1355 7—14272 IF John Barbour be designated poet to rival, nor even to approach his preand historian, his immediate successor | decessor in either capacity, and this he in the annals of Scottish literature, | himself modestly professes by using Andrew Wyntoun, may be designated | Barbour's work when dealing with the historian and poet. He cannot be said subject of it; nevertheless his Chronicle,

besides its historical value, has a homely "Until. Guised. 3 Promptly. * Before. poetical tone, and occasionally a quaint



humour, that entitles its author to a where “his cors found halowit sepulplace in the list of Scottish poets.

ture.” Almost all that is known of him is de- There are no data for ascertaining rived from his own work, where he intro- | the date of either Wyntoun's birth or duces himself in the prologue thus :- death; although, in the chartulary of the “And for I wyll nane bere the blame priory of St Andrews, there are several Of my defawte, this is my name

documents dated between the years 1395 Be baptisme, Androwe of Wyntowne, and 1413 bearing his name. That he Of Sanct Androwys a chanowne

lived till 1419 is shown by his reference Regulare, bot nocht forthi Of thaim all, the lest worthy ;

to an event of that date about the end Bot of thair grace and thair favoure

of his Chronicle; and in the prologue to I wes, but merit, made prioure

the last book, he refers to the infirmities Of the Inche within Loch Lewwyne;"

of age, and the prospect of approaching the sum of which is, that his baptismal dissolution, so as to convey the idea of name is Andrew of Wyntown; that he his being an old man. Tytler saysis a canon regular of St Andrews, and “The Chronicle itself was finished bethough least worthy of them, neverthe- tween 3d September 1420 and the reless, by their grace, without merit of his turn of King James from England in own, elected Prior of the Inch, Loch- 1424, and its author, in all probability, leven.

did not long survive its conclusion.” Dr The monastery was situated on one of Laing supposes him to have died about the islands of Lochleven, in Kinross- 1427; and, taking his age at his death shire, and was subordinate to the priory at 72, it would place his birth in 1355. of St Andrews. It was dedicated to St Wyntoun appears more anxious to Serf, or Servanus, whose history Wyn- vindicate his choice of the vernacular toun duly traces as a son of the King from the attacks of the Latin critics than of Canaan, who, under the guidance of Barbour, and invokes the protection of a sweet angel, left his native land for his patrons in the prologue to his ChronAlexandria, from whence, by way of icle:Constantinople, he came to Rome, when “ Bot Lordys gyve your courtesy, he was elected to the popedom, vacant Forbere me in this juperty :' on the death of John III. After seven

And fra their Lethe walde me defende

That can reprove, and will nocht mende. years, he resigned the popedom, and,

Havande excusyde my symplynes, led by his angel, he passed through

Syne that I set my besynes France into England, but did not rest Tyl youre pleasans generaly : till he found himself in Scotland, where, Suppos this tretys sympylly,

I made at the instans of a Larde after visiting a great many places, by

That had my service in his warde, the permission of Brude, king of the

Schyr Johne of the Wemyss be rycht name, Picts, he fixed his abode in the above Ane honest knycht, and of gude fame. island, and founded the monastery

His patron, Sir John Wemyss, of known by his name. At the end of seven years he returned to Culross,

* Jeopardy.

2 Hatred.

Reres and Kincaldrum, ancestor of the judges as. Macpherson, Tytler, and Earls of Wemyss, was employed as an Laing, and is placed in favourable conambassador to treat for the release trast with the fanciful compilation of of James I. from his captivity in Eng- Boece. His natural and truth-like acland, and must therefore have been a count of the history of Macbeth is man of considerable political import- given as an illustration of his commonance; and if the number of MSS. of the sense treatment of his subject. Chronicle that have descended to our It is true, he is strongly imbued with time be an indication of the interest he the superstitious belief of his age, and took in his friend's literary success, he relates many stories which were current must have been a worthy patron. At in his time, evidently believing, if not any rate, his discernment and encour- | in their truth, at least in. their possiagement of the literary talents of the bility; but the manner of their relation modest prior of St Serf's Isle, is in is not such as to confound the spirit of pleasing contrast with the spirit of an his history with those fables that adorn age which is more truly represented by or blemish it, according to the standScott's Earl of Angus, who gives point from which they are regarded. “ Thanks to St Bothan, son of mine, From the poetical point of view, which

Save Gawain, ne'er could pen a line.” is that with which we are more imBut Wyntoun's Chronicle, though well mediately concerned, they are valuable known in its MS. form, was not printed as pictures of society under the sway of till 1795, when a splendid edition was beliefs, whose effects were none the less published, edited with great care by poetically striking because their influDavid Macpherson, author of The An- ence was malign. But, perhaps, his nals of Commerce. Macpherson's edi- quaint humour and naturalness are his tion embraced only so much of it as most pleasing poetical qualities, and it refers to the history of Scotland ; but a is these homely touches that make new and revised edition of Macpherson's him a favourite with such as relish the is now (1876) being edited by Dr David muse in her unobtrusive antique vestLaing in three volumes, of which the ments, rather than in the loud flashy two first volumes were issued in 1872, habit of her sensational mood. Mr in which the general history from the Tytler, with whom he is a special creation is contained. This, when favourite, remarks, that “the worthy completed, will be the first entire edi- prior can provide from his poetic scrip tion published. The three principal every species of intellectual ware, from MSS. are The Royal and the Cotton, the driest piece of genealogical history, both in the British Museum, and that or the uncouthest catalogue of Pictish in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. monarchs, to the animated description

It has been already indicated that its of a heavy fight, or the moving picture chief value is historical. Its accuracy, of a tournament or a hunting party.” as regards its proper subject, the history We have tried to illustrate his various of Scotland, is vouched for by such qualities by the extracts given.




The devil then asked " What cause he

had, This holy man had a ram,

To make the creatures that he made?" That he had fed up of a lamb;

To that, Saint Serf answered there, And used him till' follow ay,

Of creatures made he was maker; Wherever he passed on his way.

A maker might he never be A thief this sheep in Athren stall, a

Bot gif' creatures made had he." And eat him up in pieces small.

The devil asked him, Why God of When Saint Serf his ram had mist,

nought Wha that it stall, was few that wist :

His works all, full good had wrought?" On presumption, nevertheless,

Saint Serf answered, “That God's will He that it stall, arrested was.

Was, never to make his works ill, And till Saint Serf syne 3 was he brought; And als envious he had been sene That sheep, he said, that stall he not;

Gif nought but he full good had been." And there-till for to swear ane athe.4

Saint Serf the devil asked then, He said that he would not be lathe, 5 “Where God made Adam the first man?" But soon he worthydó red for shame

“ In Hebron Adam formed was," The sheep there bleated in his waime.7

Saint Serf said. And till Sathanas Sae was he tainted 8 shamefully,

* Where was he eft? that, for his vice, And at Saint Serf asked mercy.

He was put out of Paradise ?"

Saint Serf said, “Where he was made." SAINT SERF AND THE DEVIL.

The devil, “How long he bade

In Paradise after his sin ?". While Saint Serf intill a stede, 9

"Seven hours," Saint Serf said, "he bad Lay after matins in his bed ;

therein." The devil came in foul intent,

“Where was Eve made?" said Sathanas. For till fand to him with argument.

“In Paradise made," Serf said, “she And said: "Saint Serf by thy werk"

was." I ken thou art a connand 12 clerk."

And at Saint Se the devil asked then Saint Serf said, “If I sae be,

Why God let Adam, the first man, Foul wretch, what is that for thee?"

And Eve sin in Paradise ?" The devil said, " This question

Saint Serf said, “That monywise, I ask in our collation. 13

For God wist and understood Say where was God, wit thou aught, That thereof should come meikle good. Before that heaven and erde 14 was For Christ (took) flesh, mankind to win, wrought?"

That was to pain put for their sin." Saint Serf said, “In himself stedles 15 The devil asked, “Why might not be His Godhead hampered never was." All mankind delivered free

Be themself, set God had not 9 Place, as a farin

Them with his precious passion bought?" ? Stole.

steading. 3 Then. 10 Sound.

Saint Serf said “They fell not in 4 Oath. 11 Work.

By their self into their sin. 5 Loath. 12 Skilful.

But by the false suggestion 6 Became. 13 Conference.

Of the devil, their fae felloun.3 7 Belly.

14 Earth.
8 Attainted, convicted. 15 Not limited to place.

2 After.

3 Fierce.

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