صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

Inspires with rage, or all your cares In love dissolves you ; now in sprightly dissolves ;

strains. Can soothe distraction, and almost despair. Breathes a gay rapture through your That power is music : far beyond the thrilling breast; stretch

Or melts the heart with airs divinely sad ; Of those unmeaning warblers on our stage; Or wakes to horror the tremendous strings. Those clumsy heroes, those fat-headed Such was the bard, whose heavenly strains gods,

of old Who move no passion justly but contempt : Appeased the fiend of melancholy Saul. Who, like our dancers (light indeed and Such was, if old and heathen fame say strong!)

true, Do wondrous feats, but never heard of The man who bade the Theban domes grace.

ascend, The fault is ours; we bear those monstrous And tamed the savage nations with his arts ;

song ;' Good Heaven! we praise them : we, with And such the Thracian,a whose melodious loudest peals,

lyre, Applaud the fool that highest lifts his Tuned to soft woe, made all the mountains heels;

weep; And, with insipid show of rapture, die Soothed even the inexorable powers of Of idiot notes impertinently long.

hell, But he the Muse's laurel justly shares,

And half redeemed his lost Eurydice. A poet he, and touched with Heaven's own Music exalts each joy, allays each grief, fire,

Expels diseases, softens every pain, Who, with bold rage or solemn pomp of Subdues the rage of poison, and the sounds,

plague ; Inflames, exalts, and ravishes the soul ; And hence the wise of ancient days Now tender, plaintive, sweet almost to adored pain,

One power of physic, melody, and song.

TOBIAS GEORGE S MOLLETT.

1721-1771. SMOLLETT's literary fame is properly had his aspirations not been withdrawn based upon his novels-Roderick Ran- from the direction of the Muses, by forces dom, Peregrine Pickle, Humphry Clinker, of greater attraction or necessity, would and his History of England. Yet the have left ampler demonstrations of his opening of his “Ode to Independ poetic genius. ence," and his “Ode to Leven Water," He was born in 1721, according to are sufficient proofs of his possession of the poetic instinct to a degree which, Amphion.

2 Orpheus.

the most probable account, at Dal- But he did not despair of literary quhurn House, Dumbartonshire. Yet distinction, and his experience here and Bonhill House, a short distance farther elsewhere formed the materials out of up the Vale of Leven, is also assigned as which he constructed his Roderick his birthplace.

Random. His father, a younger son of Sir After leaving the naval service, he James Smollett of Bonhill, died early resided some time in the West Indies, in life, and consequently young Smol- where he married Miss Lascelles. On lett was educated by his grandfather, his return to London, which took place first at the grammar-school of Dumbar. in 1744, he tried to obtain practice as a ton, and afterwards at Glasgow Uni- physician, but was unsuccessful ; he versity. After what can hardly be therefore settled in Chelsea, and again called a regular University course, he took to literature. His first essays were was consigned to Dr Gordon, of Glas- two satires, the Advice and the Reproof, gow, as a medical apprentice ; and at the former published in 1746, and the the age of nineteen completed his en- latter in 1747. But his first popular gagement. The death of his grandfather work was Roderick Random, published about this time deprived him of any ex- in 1748. With little by way of plot or pectations that he might have built upon plan, it consists of a series of incidents his relations; and he resolved to try his of the most varied kind, which seldom fortunes in London, having already exceed the bound of probability, related tried his literary powers in the form of with a profusion of humour, which, a tragedy, entitled the Regicide, which though often gross, is never dull or he was sanguine enough to expect he constrained in its flow. Its verisimiliwould get brought out at one of the tude is even enhanced by its absence of London theatres. Arbuthnot, Mallet, plan or aim, or even moral purpose or and Thomson, had set an example of principle in the character of its hero. successful literary adventure to young Peregrine Pickle appeared in 1751, and Scotchmen, which had the effect of in- is constructed on the same lines as spiring many of them with the confid Roderick Random, but with greater ence to follow their lead ; and Arm- scope, and surpasses its precursor in the strong and Smollett, both medical men, richness and grossness of its humour, as were the earliest additions to the Scotch well as in the moral unscrupulousness of literary colony in London. As might its hero. His next work, Count Fathom, be expected, Smollett's expectations published in 1754, is a romance. were at first disappointed, and, having Having in 1755 completed his translafailed to storm the citadel of the tragic tion of Don Quixote, he visited Scotland, Muse, he returned to the service of for the first time since he left it. He had Æsculapius, and entered the navy as a the pleasure of seeing his mother, and ena surgeon's mate on board an eighty-gun joying the consideration which his liteship, in which he took part in the ill. rary fame gave him in the estimation of fated expedition against Carthagena. his countrymen. After visiting the scenes

STROPHE.

of his boyhood and youth, he returned but he had little more than the satisfacto London, when he commenced his tion of seeing it published, when, on the History of England, which appeared in 21st October 1771, he died in his fifty1758 in four volumes, the work of first year. He was buried at Leghorn, fourteen months. He also undertook where his widow erected a monument the editing of the Critical Review. In to his memory. A similar memorial it he published in 1762 an attack on was erected by his relations in his Admiral Knowles, one of the comman- native Vale of Leven, whose pastoral ders of the Carthagena expedition. For beauties he so well loved. this article he was tried and condemned to an imprisonment of three months, and ODE TO INDEPENDENCE. to pay a fine of £100. While in prison he wrote the romance of Sir Lancelot Greaves, a travesty of Don Quixote. His health now began to yield to the Thy spirit, Independence, let me share,

Lord of the lion-heart and eagle-eye ; strain which the number of his literary | Thy steps I follow, with my bosom bare, labours entailed ; and the death of his Nor heed the storm that howls along the daughter, an only child, at the age of

sky. fifteen, accelerated the progress of its Deep in the frozen regions of the north, decline. He went abroad for two years, A goddess violated brought thee forth, and published an account of his tra- Immortal Liberty, whose look sublime vels on his return, which savours of Hath bleached the tyrant's cheek in every the irritability which impaired health varying clime.

What time the iron-hearted Gaul, served to aggravate. On his return

With frantic superstition for his guide, from the Continent, he again sought the

Armed with the dagger and the pall, benefits of his native air; and again had

The sons of Woden to the field defied the pleasure of seeing his mother, to

The ruthless hag, by Weser's flood, whom he was much attached.

In Heaven's name urged the infernal After residing for some time with his

blow ; cousin, Mr Smollett of Bonhill, he re

And red the stream began to flow : turned to London and his literary | The vanquished were baptised with blood ! labours, and wrote the Adventures of an Atom, an attack on Lord Bute and the Earl of Chatham.

The Saxon prince in horror fled, His health having become worse, he From altars stained with human gore, again resolved to go abroad, and his And Liberty his routed legions led

In safety to the bleak Norwegian shore. friend, countryman, and fellow-poet Dr

There in a cave asleep she lay, Armstrong engaged a cottage for him Lulled by the hoarse-resounding main, near Leghorn, where his strength some

When a bold savage passed that way, what rallied. Here he wrote Humphry Impelled by destiny, his name Disdain. Clinker, his last and best work, in which of ample front the portly chief appeared : he describes the scenes of his boyhood : 1 The hunted bear supplied a shaggy vest;

ANTISTROPHE.

the most probable account, at Dal- But he did not despair of literary quhurn House, Dumbartonshire. Yet distinction, and his experience here and Bonhill House, a short distance farther elsewhere formed the materials out of up the Valeof Leven, is also assigned as which he constructed his Roderick his birthplace.

Random. His father, a younger son of Sir After leaving the naval service, he James Smollett of Bonhill, died early resided some time in the West Indies, in life, and consequently young Smol- where he married Miss Lascelles. On lett was educated by his grandfather, his return to London, which took place first at the grammar-school of Dumbar- in 1744, he tried to obtain practice as a ton, and afterwards at Glasgow Uni- physician, but was unsuccessful ; he versity After what can hardly be therefore settled in Chelsea, and again called a regular University course, he took to literature. His first essays were was consigned to Dr Gordon, of Glas- two satires, the Advice and the Reproof, gow, as a medical apprentice; and at the former published in 1746, and the the

age of nineteen completed his en- latter in 1747. But his first popular gagement. The death of his grandfather work was Roderick Random, published about this time deprived him of any ex- in 1748. With little by way of plot or pectations that he might have built upon plan, it consists of a series of incidents his relations; and he resolved to try his of the most varied kind, which seldom fortunes in London, having already exceed the bound of probability, related tried his literary powers in the form of with a profusion of humour, which, a tragedy, entitled the Regicide, which though often gross, is never dull or he was sanguine enough to expect he constrained in its flow. Its verisimiliwould get brought out at one of the tude is even enhanced by its absence of London theatres. Arbuthnot, Mallet, plan or aim, or even moral purpose or and Thomson, had set an example of principle in the character of its hero. successful literary adventure to young Peregrine Pickle appeared in 1751, and Scotchmen, which had the effect of in- is constructed on the same lines as spiring many of them with the confid Roderick Random, but with greater ence to follow their lead ; and Arm- scope, and surpasses its precursor in the strong and Smollett, both medical men, richness and grossness of its humour, as were the earliest additions to the Scotch well as in the moral unscrupulousness of literary colony in London. As might its hero. His next work, Count Fathom, be expected, Smollett's expectations published in 1754, is a romance. were at first disappointed, and, having Having in 1755 completed his translafailed to storm the citadel of the tragic tion of Don Quixote, he visited Scotland, Muse, he returned to the service of for the first time since he left it. He had Æsculapius, and entered the navy as a the pleasure of seeing his mother, and ensurgeon's mate on board an eighty-gun joying the consideration which his liteship, in which he took part in the ill. rary fame gave him in the estimation of fated expedition against Carthagena. his countrymen. After visiting the scenes

STROPHE.

of his boyhood and youth, he returned but he had little more than the satisfacto London, when he commenced his tion of seeing it published, when, on the History of England, which appeared in 21st October 1771, he died in his fifty1758 in four volumes, the work of first year. He was buried at Leghorn, fourteen months. He also undertook where his widow erected a monument the editing of the Critical Review. In to his memory. A similar memorial it he published in 1762 an attack on was erected by his relations in his Admiral Knowles, one of the comman- native Vale of Leven, whose pastoral ders of the Carthagena expedition. For beauties he so well loved. this article he was tried and condemned to an imprisonment of three months, and ODE TO INDEPENDENCE. to pay a fine of £100. While in prison he wrote the romance of Sir Lancelot Greaves, a travesty of Don Quixote. His health now began to yield to the Lord of the lion-heart and eagle-eye ;

Thy spirit, Independence, let me share, strain which the number of his literary Thy steps I follow, with my bosom bare, labours entailed ; and the death of his Nor heed the storm that howls along the daughter, an only child, at the age of

sky. fifteen, accelerated the progress of its | Deep in the frozen regions of the north, decline. He went abroad for two years, A goddess violated brought thee forth, and published an account of his tra- Immortal Liberty, whose look sublime vels on his return, which savours of Hath bleached the tyrant's cheek in every the irritability which impaired health varying clime.

What time the iron-hearted Gaul, served to aggravate. On his return from the Continent, he again sought the With frantic superstition for his guide,

Armed with the dagger and the pall, benefits of his native air; and again had

The sons of Woden to the field defied the pleasure of seeing his mother, to

The ruthless hag, by Weser's flood, whom he was much attached.

In Heaven's name urged the infernal After residing for some time with his

blow; cousin, Mr Smollett of Bonhill, he re

And red the stream began to flow : turned to London and his literary | The vanquished were baptised with blood ! labours, and wrote the Adventures of an Atom, an attack on Lord Bute and the Earl of Chatham.

The Saxon prince in horror fled, His health having become worse, he From altars stained with human gore, again resolved to go abroad, and his And Liberty his routed legions led

In safety to the bleak Norwegian shore. friend, countryman, and fellow-poet Dr

There in a cave asleep she lay, Armstrong engaged a cottage for him Lulled by the hoarse-resounding main, near Leghorn, where his strength some

When a bold savage passed that way, what rallied. Here he wrote Humphry | Impelled by destiny, his name Disdain. Clinker, his last and best work, in which of ample front the portly chief appeared : he describes the scenes of his boyhood : | The hunted bear supplied a shaggy vest ;

ANTISTROPHE.

« السابقةمتابعة »