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For that, he choosed to be born
To save mankind, that was forlorn."
Saint Serf said, "That should not be :
It sufficed well that mankind
Once should come of Adam's strynde?" The devil asked, "Why that ye
Men, are quite delivered free
At a seat in hunting so
Intil his leash had grey-hounds two.
'Of Moray yonder I see the thane."
Through Christ's precious passion bought, The third then said, "I see the king."
And we devils, sae, are not?"
Saint Serf said, "For that ye
Fell through your own iniquity;
Should not be your redemption."
All this he heard in his dreaming.
Took, and led with her his life,
And held her both his wife and queen, As before then she had been
Till his eme, queen living,
When he was king with crown reigning; For little in honour, then, had he
The grace of affinity.
All thus when his eme was dead,
And seventeen winters full, reignand
THE FLIGHT OF MACDUFF.
And in Scotland then, as king,
10 One night.
11 Sitting: and is the old Saxon termination
of the participle.
And set him then in his power
A yoke of oxen Macbeth saw fail;
The yoke, that failed in their draught.
With slight he got; and the spensere 4
That passage call'd was after than
The Haven of Bread that should be
Called in-tyl property.
Ower the water then was he set,
But danger, or but ony let.
POPE JOHN, THAT WAS A WOMAN.
When this Leo the third was dead,
A burgess' daughter, and his heir;
With her love she past off land,2
She bade, and leryd ythandly :4
That suddenly there was she dead,
THE DUKE OF ORLEANS' DEFENCE OF THE SCOTS.
"The question put by the illustrious Duke of Orleans," says Dr Laing "is sufficiently simple and dispassionate, and leads to a natural and satisfactory conclusion, when he asked how it came that the English, with all their boasting, never were able to vanquish the puir folk of Scotland?—
'Whose gathering into weiris Micht nocht exceed five hundred speiris,'— but allowed themselves to be harassed night and day by those whom they pretended to hold in despite; nor could enforce that homage and obedience which, at times, they presumed to say we owed to the crown of England."
Ane thousand year three hundred ninety As it is made untill us known;
Frae1 Jesus Christ had manhood tane,
Of Englishmen, he passed in France.-
And will come with their power,
HENRY THE MINSTREL.
SOMEWHAT Out of chronological | 1549; so that he must then have been very old indeed, and Dr Irving may not be far wrong in supposing him to have reached the age of 94. On this hypothesis, he would have been born in 1455, and, allowing five years of age to be about that which he calls his infancy, this would place the composition of Wallace in 1460. Supposing the author to be 40 when he composed it, 1420 would be the year of his birth. The Treasurer's accounts, during the reign of James IV., record several donations of five, nine, and eighteen shillings, having been made to him, of which the last is dated January 1492; and Dr Irving's conjecture, that he died shortly after, is very probable-if we suppose in 1493 it would make his age to be 73 at death.
order, we have placed Blind Harry, as the minstrel is familiarly called, next Wyntoun, although he must have been born at least a quarter of a century later than James I.; yet no one who compares his Wallace with the King's Quair, will doubt that the former poetically belongs to the school of Barbour, while the latter marks the introduction of a more modern school.
"Henry, who was blind from his birth, composed, in the time of my infancy, the whole Book of William Wallace, and committed to writing in vulgar poetry, in which he was well skilled, the things that were commonly related of him. For my own part, I give only partial credit to writings of this description. By the recitation of these, however, in the presence of men of the highest rank, he procured, as he indeed deserved, food and raiment." Along with a few incidental references by himself, in the Life of Wallace, the above quotation from the Latin History of Scotland, by John Major, or Mair, published in 1521, is all the direct evidence that we possess regarding the life of this very remarkable man. The date of Major's own birth being unrecorded, makes his statement as to Henry less definite as data for ascertaining the time when he composed his Life of Wallace. Buchanan says Major was an old man in 1524, and was still alive, and provost of St Salvator's College in
"All worthi men at redys this rurall dyt,
I haiff said her ner as the process gais;
"Go nobill buk, fulfillyt off gud sentens,
Supposs thou be baran off eloquens.
Yeit thar is part that can the weill avance;
The above contains almost all the allusions that he makes to himself, if we except his frequent references to the Latin book of his author, "Maister Jhone Blayr."
"A worthy clerk, bath wyss and rycht sawage.
The foregoing quotations, which may serve as unaltered specimens of the poem, are not difficult of comprehension, but the first may be paraphrased as follows:-All you who read this rustic lay, blame not the book. Although I be imperfect, yet should I have thanks for the labour and pains which I have bestowed upon it, without promise of reward from king or noble. I thought it a pity such good deeds should be smothered, and have done my best to relate them as they occurred, regarding neither friend nor foe. No man is bound to relieve me of the costs of it; and I know (but for this I am not to blame), that my description falls far
short of the manner in which such noble deeds should be recorded.
Then, in finishing his task, with a consciousness of having discharged it in no ignoble spirit, yet regretting that the subject was neglected when good poets sung in Scotland, he commits the book to the judgment of posterity, confident that it will not be forgotten, notwithstanding his want of eloquence, which he excuses on the ground of his being a "bural man." The meaning drawn from his use of this phrase is, that he was a peasant by descent, for the word "bural" appears to be our modern word boorish.
There is nothing in the book to confirm the uniform tradition that he was a professional minstrel, or that he was blind; indeed, the impression left upon the mind by the book, in reference to the latter part of the tradition, is one of doubt, at least as to his being blind from his birth. We think Ellis, in his notice of him, was impressed with this feeling of doubt when emphasizing the word born, where he says-"That a man born blind should excel in any science is sufficiently extraordinary, though by no means without example; but that he should become an excellent poet is almost miraculous, because the soul of poetry is description. Perhaps, therefore, it may be easily assumed that Henry was not inferior, in point of genius, to either Barbour or Chaucer; or indeed to any poet of any age or country." Tytler, in endeavouring to vindicate his character as a historian from undeserved neglect, both by himself and his brother historians, says "Some late researches, and an