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LADY ANNE LINDSAY (for that was Her authorship of “Auld Robin Lady Barnard's name for more than Gray,” though it was written in her twenty years after she wrote the beauti- twenty-first year, she kept a secret till ful ballad song of “Auld Robin Gray”) within two years of her death, when she was the eldest daughter of the fifth Earl informed Sir Walter Scott of the cirof Balcarras. She was born on the 8th

cumstances out of which it arose. She Decemher 1750, at Balcarras, in Fife

was passionately fond of the old Scot. shire. Her education was in keeping tish air, “ The Bridegroom greits when with her social position, and her talents the sun gaes down,” the words of maintained the character of the family which were indelicate ; so she deterto which she belonged.

mined to compose something more Her father died in 1768, and she soon worthy of her favourite melody. Robin after left Balcarras to reside in Edin- Gray was the name of an old shepherd burgh with her mother, where she mixed

at Balcarras, with whom she and the rest in the literary society for which the ofthe family were familiar when they were northern capital was then so distin. children. When in the act of writing guished. She afterwards joined her it, a younger sister came into her room, sister Lady Fordyce, in London, and and she informed her that she was writbecame acquainted with many of the ing a ballad, at the same time enumeratleading literary and political men of the ing the four misfortunes to which she time,- Burke, Sheridan, Dundas, and subjected the heroine, and asking her Wyndham, being among the number of to suggest a fifth.

* Steal the cow, her acquaintances.

Anne,” said Elizabeth; and this was at In 1793, she married Andrew Bar- once done. nard, Esquire, son of the Bishop of Lim- It was long sung to the old Scottish erick, whom she accompanied to the air for which it was composed ; but the Cape of Good Hope, on his appoint present beautiful melody, to which it is ment as secretary under Lord Macartney, set, was composed by the Rev. William governor of that colony. Mr Barnard Leeves, an English clergyman. died at the Cape in 1807, and Lady Lady Barnard wrote a considerable Barnard returned to London, and again number of other pieces, of which it was at took up her residence with her sister. one time thought to publish a selection; In 1812, the latter re-married, and but the idea was abandoned. Some Lady Barnard continued to reside in sketches of her youthful friends and surBerkeley Square, where she died on the roundings are included in Lord Lind. 6th May 1825.

say's Lives of the Lindsays.

Virst dere is de vine king, just landed at He vore little vigs, boys, when virst he Greenwich,

came here, But dere is a brave king, dat still remains But now he has great vones, as you may banish;

zee dere ; He came a great way, to save dis poor And I have been told it, both over and people,

over, Who, vor vear of de Pope, have made Ven he puts on de vine vig, no brains he choice of de Devil.

can cover,

Some zay he has brought us a great deal Pray look now and zee, how he holds up of monish,

his head, But if you look dere, it is vone, two, tree, In hopes you'll give him and his children Connish ;

zome bread ; Dis is de Hannover, and dose are his You may give dem zome sheese too, and bishes,

if you tink fitt, Who vill gul de poor English of all deir But de devil sall take me if I give dem a brave rishes.



Dere is his wife, in de castle of stone, Look on dat zame voman, vor dhat is his And vat she is dere vor is very vell vife, known ;

Who ne'er was so vine all the days of her Dere lies de poor man, too, vhose blood he did shed,

She's as vat as a pork, he's as proud as a Vor planting of horns upon his dull head. pimp,

And all de whole crew are a parcel of imp. But now you sall zee him, and both his two Turks,

Cast but your eyes round, and view dat At mending deir stocking, because dey brave hero, love work ;

Who, if you'll assist him, vill kick out dis And dere dey are rubbing, and scrubbing

Nero ; his skin,

Now he is de best king dat ever I knew, To keep de louse out, which he knows And it is great pity ye are not all true. vold creep in.

I pray and I hope that you soon vill be Look, dere is de vine Prince, and don't vise, he look pretty?

And de false king instead of the true vone But do you all know, dat de vool is not despise ; vitty ;

And zure none will grudge vor to gie me You zee de artillery, all kissing his hand, vone guinea, And will have him before dem, to valk 'Tis to drink a good health to noble king and to stand.



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1759–1796. Burns's is perhaps the only Scottish | remarkable for her ignorance, credulity, poetry that has never shown the least and superstition. She had, I suppose, signs of diminished popularity; for the largest collection in the country of there is hardly a year since his death in tales and songs concerning devils, which an edition of it has not been ghosts, fairies, brownies, witches, warpublished; and at present (1877), what locks, spunkies, kelpies, elf-candles, promises to be the most complete and dead-lights, wraiths, apparitions, canelaborate edition of his works that has traips, giants, enchanted towers, yet been attempted, is passing through dragons, and other trumpery. This the press. The same may be remarked cultivated the latent seeds of poetry, of his life, which has attracted, and still but had so strong an effect on my imaattracts, the study of the best thinkers, gination, that to this hour, in my not only among his own countrymen, nocturnal rambles, I sometimes keep a but among foreigners.

sharp look-out in suspicious places ; Robert Burns was the son of William and though nobody can be more scepBurnes, a native of Kincardineshire, who tical than I am in such matters, yet it left that district in youth, and after some often takes an effort of philosophy to time settled in Ayrshire, where he shake off these idle terrors." married Agnes Brown, a native of that In 1766, Burns's father took a lease county. The poet, their first-born, as of the farm of Mount Oliphant, which he himself remarks, first saw the light turned a very unprofitable specula. on the stormy morning of January 25th, tion, notwithstanding all his efforts to 1759, in a small cottage still standing, work it economically. He was, there. about a mile and a-half south of Ayr. fore, at the end of six years, under the He received a good English education necessity of giving it up and removing to and a smattering of French ; and, with Lochlea, a larger farm, in the parish of the example of his father, who was a Tarbolton. This turned out a more man of sterling worth and intelligence, promising adventure, and for three or aided by a few standard English and four years comparative prosperity smiled Scotch classics, the foundations of his upon their efforts; yet, in consequence character and of his literary stock, which of the want of a written lease with his may be said to have been select rather landlord, disputes arose which led to than extensive, were laid. Another litigation, in the midst of which his element in his education may be best health gave way, and death“ saved him told in his own words :-“In my infant from the horrors of a jail,” in February and boyish days, too, I owed much to 1784. an old woman who resided in the family, Robert now became the male head


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of the family, and with the sad ex. claims to her as his wife. Such were perience of his father's struggles fresh the circumstances that determined his in his mind, and his own increased re- resolution of exiling himself. sponsibilities weighing upon him, he, Instigated by his friend Gavin with his brother Gilbert, shortly before Hamilton, and the necessity of providtheir father's death, took a lease of the ing means for his projected voyage, he farm of Mossgiel, in the neighbourhood determined to publish by subscription a of Mauchline. To the plenishing of collection of those poems which had this farm the members of the family hitherto only amused his rustic comgave what little savings they had, and panions. The story of the publication contributed their efforts to its working. can never be told so well as in his own Here their misfortunes began early-words :-"I weighed my productions as misfortunes aggravated by the poet's impartially as was in my power : I passionate imprudence—which impelled thought they had merit ; and it was a him to give up his share of the farm to delicious idea that I should be called a his more sedate brother Gilbert, and to clever fellow, even though it should resolve upon leaving his native land for never reach my ears—a poor negroa situation in Jamaica.

driver, or perhaps a victim to that Some years before this, Burns, through inhospitable clime, and gone to the the reflex action of a melancholic illo world of spirits ! I can only say that, ness, had acquired a passionate fondness pauvre inconnu as I then was, I had for social enjoyment, and he discovered pretty nearly as high an idea of myself a remarkable power of contributing to and of my works as I have at this the entertainmentof convivial gatherings moment, when the public has decided in by his ready eloquence and his poetic their favour. ... I threw off six powers. To this has to be added an un- hundred copies, of which I got subscripcommon sensitiveness to the charms of tions for about three hundred and fifty, the fair sex. This latter propensity led My vanity was highly gratified by the to his having formed a clandestine con- reception I met with from the public; nection with Jean Armour, the daughter and, besides, I pocketed, all expenses of James Armour, a stone-mason in deducted, nearly twenty pounds. This Mauchline, to whom, in the prospect of sum came very seasonably, as I was becoming a mother, he gave a written thinking of indenting myself, for want acknowledgment of their private mar. of money to pay my passage. ... I riage, a form of contract which is valid had been for some days skulking from by the law of Scotland. Jean's father, covert to covert under all the terrors of who appears to have been of a stern and a jail ; as some ill-advised people had uncompromising disposition, and un- uncoupled the merciless pack of the law favourably impressed with Burns's char- at my heels. I had taken the last fareacter as a husband for his daughter, well of my few friends ; my chest was destroyed the evidence of their mar- on the road to Greenock, I had comriage, and refused to admit Burns's posed the last song I should ever

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