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attentive perusal of his poem, com- tive of the Life of Wallace, he gives some paring it as I went along with contem- | additional particulars regarding his porary documents, have placed the Latin authority, which we give modernLife of Wallace in a different light. I ised in spelling, but verbally unaltered : am persuaded that it is the work of an

“Of Wallace life wha has a further feill? ignorant man, who was yet in posses. May show forth more with wit and eloquence ; sion of valuable and authentic materials. For I to this have done my diligence, On what other supposition can

After the proof given in the Latin book,

Which Master Blair in his time undertook, account for the fact, that, whilst in one

In fair Latin compiled it till an end, page we meet with errors which show a With thir witness the mare is to commend. deplorable perversion of history, in the Bishop Sinclair then lord was of Dunkell,


got this book and confirmed it himsell next we find circumstances unknown to

For very true; thereof he had no dread; other Scottish historians, yet corrobor

Himself had seen great part of Wallace deed. ated by authentic documents, by con- His purpose was till have send it to Rome, temporary English annalists, and by Our father of Kirk thereon to give his doom.3 national muni ents and records, only But Master Blair and als Sir Thomas Gray

After Wallace they lasted many a day, published in modern times, and to which

Thir two knew best of good Sir Williams deed." the Minstrel cannot be supposed to have had access.

Keeping the circumstance of his blind. After giving a series of examples to

ness in view, and the likelihood of his prove the position assumed, he points being ignorant of Latin, so far as he folto the testimony of the Minstrel himself | lowed this authority, the only rational regarding the source of his informa

view of the matter that presents itself is, tion, as given in the passage we have that he dictated, in rhyme, the translaquoted in reference to John Blair and tion of it read to him by an ecclesiastic Thomas Gray. He sums up his argu

of the monastery in which it was pre

served. This would also account for ment thus—“It was, therefore, in all probability, the Latin Buk of Wallace's the descriptions of scenery, and the asLife, compiled by this worthy ecclesi

pect of the seasons with which the poem astic, Master John Blair, who, as we

abounds. That it no longer exists need are elsewhere informed, officiated as his not excite much surprise. chaplain, from which Henry the Min

As evidence of the popularity of the strel derived those authentic particulars

Life of Wallace, we find an edition of it which may be detected cropping out, as published so early as 1570, and many geologists say, from beneath the more have appeared since then. That edited fabulous superficies of his history.” This

by Dr Jamieson in 1820 is now reckreasonable view of the Minstrel's liter

oned the standard edition. The MS., ary achievement, is but the adoption of which was written by John Ramsay, the his own account of it ; and is indeed

same who wrote The Bruce, in 1488, the only one which can be held, con

while the Minstrel was still living, is sistently with respect for his character as

I Would have. 2 Understanding. a truthful man. At the end of his narra

3 Judgment.

preserved in the Advocates' Library, Nuns, maidens, whom that they liked to Edinburgh




William Wallace, or' he was man of arms YOUNG WALLACE : HIS CHARACTER.

Great pity thought that Scotland took such

harms, [Spelling modernized.)

Meikle dolour? it did him in his mind; After a short introductory account of the For he was wise, right worthy, wight and condition of Scotland since the death of Alex

kind; ander III., the Minstrel turns to Wallace, the

In Gowry dwelt still with this worthy proper subject of his poem.

man,3 Scotland was lost when he was but a child, As he increased, and wit abounded than, And o'er set through with our enemies Intill his heart he had full meikle care, wild.

He saw the Southron multiplying mare ; His father, Malcolm, in the? Lennox fled, And to himself oft would he make his His eldest son thither he with him led. His mother fled with him from Elerslie, Of his good kin they had slain many Till Gowry passed, and dwelt in Kilspin- one ; die.

Yet he was then seemly stark 4 and bold; The knight, her father, thither he them | And he of age was but eighteen year

old. Till his uncle, that with full good intent Weapons he bore, either good sword or In Gowry dwelt, and had good living knife; there;

For he with them 5 happened right oft in An aged man, the whilk received them

strife; fair.

Where he found one without the other Intill Dundee, Wallace to school they presence, send

After, to Scottis, that did no more grievQuhill3 he of wit full worthily was kend.

ance ; Thus he conteynde 4 in till his tender To cut his throat or stick him suddenly age;

He waynd it? nought, found he them In arms syne 5 did many high waslage,6 fawely.8 When Saxons blood into, this realm Sundry wayntit, 9 but none wist by what coming,

way Working the will of Edward that false For all to him there could no man them king,

say. Many great wrong they wrought in this Sad of countenance he was both old and region,

ying, Destroyed our lords, and break their build- Little of speech, wise, courteous, and ings down.

benyng. 10 Both wives, widows, they took all at their

I Before.

6 Person.
2 Much grief.

7 Cared.
4 Continued.
3 His uncle.

8 Few in number. 2 Wallace, the second son. 5 That since.

4 Strong

9 Were wanted, missed? 3 While, or until.

6 Achievements. 5 The Southrons.


I Into.

10 Benign.

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lace was,

gow fare 3


“ Thou shall have leave to fish, and tak ING IN IRVINE WATER.

thee mae,

All this forsooth shall in our flitting gae. So on a time he desired to play.

We serve a lord ; thir fish shall till him In Aperil the three-and-twenty day,

gang." Till Irvine water fish to tak he went,

Wallace answered, said, “Thou art in the Sic fantasy fell in his intent.

wrang." To lead his net a child furth with him

“Whom thous thou, Scot? in faith thou yeid,

'serves a blaw." But he, ora noon, was in a fellon dread.

Till him he ran, and out a sword 'gan draw. His sword he left, so did he never again ; William was wae he had nae wappins there It did him gude, suppose he suffered pain.

But the poutstaff,' the whilk in hand he Of that labour as than he was not slie,

bare. Happy he was, took fish abundantly.

Wallace with it fast on the cheek him took, Or of the day ten hours o'er couth pass.

With sae gude will, quhill of his feet he Ridand there come, near by where Wal


The sword flew frae him a fur-breid? on the The Lord Percy was captain then of Ayr;

land. Frae then' he turned, and couth to Glas- Wallace was glad, and hint 3 it soon in

hand; Part of the court had Wallace' labour seen, And with the sword awkward he him gave Till him rade five, clad into ganand green, Under the hat, his craig 4 in surder drave. And said soon, "Scot, Martin's fish we

By that the lave 5 lighted about Wallace, wald have !"

He had no help, only but God's grace. Wallace meekly again answer him gave. On either side full fast on him they dang, "It were reason, methink, ye should have great peril was gif they had lasted lang. part,

Upon the head in great ire he strak ane; Waith 4 should be dealt, in all place, with | The shearand sword glade to the collar free heart."

bane. He bade his child, “Give them of our

Ane other on the arm he hit so hardily, waithing."

While hand and sword baith in the field The Southron said, “As now of thy dealing

'gan lie. We will not tak; thou wald give us o'er The tother twa fled to their horse again ; small."

He stickit him was last upon the plain. He lighted down, and frae the child took Three slew he there, twa fled with all all.

their might Wallace said then, "Gentlemen gif ye be, After their lord; but he was out of sight, Leave us some part, we pray for charity. Takand the muir, or he and they couth Ane aged knight serves our lady to-day :

twine.7 Gude friend, leave part, and tak not all

Till him they rade anon, or they wald away."

blyne, 8

i Went.
2 Ere, before.
3 He was on his way from Ayr to Glasgow.
4 Spoil taken in sport.

* Fishing-net staff.
2 Breadth of a furrow.

4 Neck.

5 Rest.
6 Entering the moor.
7 Separate.
8 Ere they would stop.


And cryėd, “ Lord, abide ; your men are

WALLACE WIGHT. martyred down

Wallace stature, of greatness, and of height, Right cruelly, here in this false region.

Was judged thus, by discretion, of right, Five of our court here at the water bade," That saw him, both dissembill, and in weid;" Fish for to bring, though it nae profit Nine quarters large he was in length inmade.

deed ; We are 'scaped, but in field slain are

Third part length, in shoulders broad, three."

was he, The lord speirèd,? “How mony might

Right semely, strong, and lusty for to see ; they be ?"

His limbs great with stalwart pace and “We saw but ane that has discomfist us

sound, all."

His brows hard, his arms great and round, Then leugh3 he loud, and said, “Foul

His hands made right like till a palmer, mot you fall !

Of manlike make with nails great and Sin' ane you all has put to confusion. Wha meins it maist, the devil of hell him Proportioned long, and fair was his visage ; drown!

Right sad of speech, and able in courage ; This day for me, in faith, he bees not

Broad breast and high, with sturdy craig? sought.”

and great ; When Wallace thus this worthy wark had

His lips round, his nose was square and wrought,

straight ; Their horse he took, and gear that levèd

Bowand 3 brown haird, on brows and breis was there,

light ; Gave ower that craft, he yede to fish nae

Clear aspre eyne4 like diamondis bright.

Under the chin, on the left side, was seen, Went till his eme, and tald him of this

By hurt, a wain; his colour was sanguine. deed,

Wounds he had in many divers place, And he for woe well near worthit to weid, 4

But fair, and well keepėd, was his face. And said, "Son, thir tidings sits me sore,

Of riches he kept no proper thing ; And, be it known, thou may tak scaith

Gave as he wan like Alexander the king. therefore." “Uncle," he said, "I will no langer bide; When war approached, the right Hector

In time of peace meek as a maid was he, Thir southland horse let see gif I can

was he. ride."

To Scottismen a great credence he gave, Then but a child, him service for to mak,

But knowing enemies, they could not him His eme's sons he wald not with him tak.

deceive. This good knight said, “Dear cousin, pray Thir properties was known into France, I thee,

Of him to be in good remembrance, When thou wants gude, come fetch

Master John Blair that patron couth enough frae me."

rasaiff 5 Silver and gold he gart on to him give,

In Wallace book brewyt it with the layff. Wallace inclines, and gudely took his leave.

Undressed, and dressed. 5 Received these ? Neck.

known particulars. 1 Tarried. 3 Laughed. 3 Curled.


6 Noted them with * Inquired. 4 Nearly went mad.

4 Sharp eyes.

the rest.


may lest."


But thou beware, thou tines of thy chaffre ENGLISH CAMP.

The sun by then was passed out of sight,

The day o'er went, and coming was the Edward and his army being encamped at

night. Biggar, Wallace, meditating a midnight raid, Among Southerns full busily he past visits it disguised, in order to observe their

On either side his eyes he 'gan to cast, arrangements. On his way to the camp he

Where Lordis lay, and had their lodging meets a countryman.

made Driving a mare, and pitchers had he to sell. The King's pavillion whereon the libbards “Good friend," said he, “in truth wilt

bade thou me tell,

Spyand full fast, where his avail should be, With this chaffer where passes thou truly. And could well look and wink with the tae Till ony, sir, who likes for to buy ; It is my craft, and I would (sell) them Some scorned him, some, gleèd carl, called fain."

him there. "I will them buy, so God me save from | Agrieved they were for their herald's misspain.

fare. What price let's hear? I will take them Some speired at him how he sold off his ilk ane."

beast. “But half a mark, for sic price have I For forty pence," he said, "while they

ta'en." Twenty shillings," Wallace said, “thou Some brake a pot, some pirlèd 3 at his ee, shall have.

Wallace fled out and privily let them be: I will have mare, pitchers, and all the lave. On till his host again he past full right. Thy gown and hose in haste thou put off syne,

LAMENT FOR WALLACE. And make a change, for I shall give thee Alas, Scotland, to whom shall thou commine ;

plain ! And thy old hood, because it is threadbare."

llas, frae pain wha shall thee now restrain! The man weened well that he had scorned Alas, thy help is falsely brought to ground, him there.

Thy (best) chieftain in braith 4 bands is "Do, tarry not, it is sooth, I thee say."

bound! The man cast off his feeble weed of grey, Alas, thou has now lost thy guide of light! And Wallace his, and paid siller in hand. | Alas, wha shall defend thee in thy right? "Pass on," he said, "thou art a proud Alas, thy pain approaches wonders near, merchand."

With sorrow soon thou mon be set in feyr 16 The gown and hose, in clay that clagged | Thy gracious guide, thy greatest goverwas,

nour, The hood heklyt,' and made him for to pass. Alas, o'er near is coming his fatal hour! The whip he took, syne forth the mare

Alas, wha shall thee 'bate now of thy 'gan call ;

baill ?7 Atour a brae the omast? pot gert fall,

Alas, when shall of harmis thou be haill? Brake on the ground. The man leuch at his fare,

4 Severe.

1 Evil.

? Loses. 5 Wonderful. 8 Whole. * Fastened with a hook, Topmost.

3 Pricked.


6 In company

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