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Muhammad Arslan Khān was a son of 'Alā Nür Khānim, a daughter of Satūq Bughrā (or Yilik) Khān and wife of Toq Būbā Khān; he succeeded in or about 4+1 Ņ. ( = 1049 A.D.) bis uncles Hasan Bughrā, Husain Bughrā, and Yûsuf Qādir who reigned, in the aggregate, twelve years. Both Hasan and Husain, as well as Muḥam. mad Arslān's half-brother Sayyid 'Ali Arslan Khān were “martyred” in battle against the “infidel” Buddhists of Khotan. See Bellew, ibidem, pp. 126-129 and Shaw, ibidem, pp. 334, 335, 339. The term Al-mustanjid-billah means 'Seeker of help from God.'

(c) Ghori Sultāns. Muhammad bin Sam; 2 coins; mixed silver; like British Museum Catalogue (Saltāns of Delhi), Plate I, No. 12, (p. 9), also No. 10 in Thomas' Chronicles of the Pathan Kings of Delhi; of the “Bull and Horseman" type; date circa 1195 A.D.; weight 45.5 and 53 grs., size 0.625". From G. 4.

(d) Urtuqis of Māridin. 'Alāu-d-din Kaiqobād ; 1 coin, copper; like British Museum Catalogue, Vol. III, Plate IX, No. 474 (p. 169, under Nāşiru d-din's coins); mint lost, date 630 Ņ. (= 1232 A.D.) with will din on the left of the central legend of reverse; weight 135.5 grs., size 1:16". Plate I, fig. 20. M. 2 (?).

This species of coin seems to have been imitated in making ornamental plaques, and guards for binding block-prints; see below General Remarks on Block-prints and Plate IV, figs. 2 and 3.

(e) Khāns of the Golden Horde. (1) Jāni Beg Khān; 2 coins, silver; like Br. Mus. Cat., Vol. VI, Plate VII, No. 388 (p. 133); mint Khwārizm, date 743 . (= 1342 A.D.); weight 28:5 grs., size 0:6". From G. 4.

(2) Bardi Beg Kbān; 1 coin, silver; like ibidem, No. 4 13 (p. 146) mint Khwārizm, date 760 H. (= 1358 A.D.); weight 30-5 grs., size 0:6". Plate I, fig. 29.

(f) House of Timur. (1) Shāh Rukh; 1 coin, silver; similar to Br. Mus. Cat., Vol. VII, Plate II, No. 61 (p. 24), but adds Lej at beginning of third line, as in No. 80 (p. 29); mint and date lost (reign 1404-1447 A D.); weight 78 grs.; size 0.875". Plate II, fig. 27. From G. 4.

(2) Sulțān Aḥmad (1467–1493 A.D.); 1 coin, silver; the same as ibidem, No. 61 (p. 24) of Shāh Rukh, but counter-struck with a six-foil die of Sultān Ahmad, as in ibidem, No. 117 (p. 42); mint obliterated by counter-struck die, date 828 H. (=1424 A.D.); weight 77.5 grs., size 0.875". Plate I, fig. 25. From G. 4.

(9) Sultans of Kashmir.. (1) Zainu-l-'Abidin, 1417-1467 A.D., one coin, copper. Like Journal, As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XLVIII (1879), p. 284, pl. xiii, No. 2.

(2) Haidar Shāh, 1467-1489 A.D., one coin, copper; date illegible. Like ibidem, pl. xiii, No. 5.

(3) Hasan Shāh, 1489-1481 A.D., one coin, copper; double-struck on a coin of Haidar Shāh; date illegible.

(4) Muḥammad Shāh, 1481-1537 A.D.; two coins, copper; dates illegible. Like ibid., pl. xiii, No. 7.

(5) Fatḥ Shāb, 1483-1520 A.D., two coins, copper; dates illegible; one shows writemi 90 (between 919 and 926 Į. or 1513 and 1520 A.D.) Like ibid., pl. xiii, No. 8.

(h) Unidentified. (1) Seven coins, copper; not in British Museum Catalogue; mint Kāshghar, date 950 Ę. in words ( = 1543 A. D.); weight 80-5-123 grs.; size 0.9375-1.2". From M. 2. Plate II, fig. 26a-d.

في التاريخ

خمسين
تسعمایه

ضرب . عدل - (?) مل . (?) س In semicircles

Obverse.

Reverse.
Single-lined large circular

Small central square, with
area, within circle of

semicircles upon

the four dots.

sides.

In square either géül alone
din

(26d) or with another
avread word (26e).

cm (?)(?-
Two of the coins show a square counter-struck die (fig. 26d), with

. The two words after 'adl probably contain a name which I am unable to identify. At the time of the date of the coiu several dynasties were contending for the possession of Kāsbghar, e.g., the Bukhāra rulers, the Mongol Khāns and the Doughlat Amirs.

(2) Sulaiman Khaqān (?); 52 coins, copper; not in the British Museum Catalogue; with neither mint nor date; weight 26-116 grs., average 60 grs. ; size 1-1:4". From M. 2, M. 3, M. 4, M. 6, G. 5, G. 7, G. 10. Two varieties, as follows:

.on it کاشغر

First Variety.
37 coins. Plate I, figs. 32-35.
Obverse.

Reverse.
Within two concentric circles Octagonal area within a
with dots between them.

circle, with fleur de lys
in the segments.

الا الله الا

الله وحده

(sic) اله

لا شريك له محمد رسول

الله

المستعصم سلیمان (2) تدر (

خاقان

? zlees (?)

Second Variety.

15 coins. Plate I, fig. 31.
Obverse.

Reverse.
The same as

Area as on obv.
1st yar.

Legend as on 1st variety, (3) Masaʻūd (?)

i 17 coins, copper; not in British Museum Catrlogue; mint and date lost with margin; weight 34-92 grs., average 70 grs.; size 0:0325–1.25". From M. 2, G. 7. Plate II, fig. 26 and 30. Obverse.

Reverse. Area in double-lined circle.

Area in double-lined circle.

(?

لا اله الا الله محمد

(?) مهسا در

مسعود

رسول الله

(?) الحواله

امیر ... المظفر obliterated, only

Iuscribed margin nearly

Margin, inscribed with date, ,

nearly obliterated, apparentvisible.

ly 977 in words. (4) Six coins; copper; similar to No. 2. Not read.

(5) Ten coins; copper, of 8 different kinds ; unread; five of them shown in Plates 1, 7 and 23, II, 24, III, 13 and 14. Two from G. 4.

(6) Two coins; silver; in very indifferent condition; unread; apparently Mongol issues. Weight 30 and 21 grs., size 0-9" and 0.83". From M. 2.

(7) One coin ; gold; mint and date lost with margin; weight 75 grs.; size 0·83". Plate III, 16.

J. 1. 9

Obverse.
Circular area.

Reverse.
Circular area.

لا الله الا

الا الله الا الله محمد

الله وحده

لا شريك له

رسول الله

y Inscribed margin, almost

Margin inscribed with date, entirely obliterated and

almost entirely obliterated, illegible.

only die visible.

(i) Line of Shaibān. Iskandar; 1 coin, silver, with a loop for suspension; apparently similar to British Museum Catalogue, Vol. VII, Nos. 135 and 145; mint and date obliterated (reign 1560-1583 A.D.); weight 62 grs., size 1.25". Plate III, 12.

Obverse.
Square area.

Eight-foil area
with two five-rayed stars.

Reverse.

لا اله الا الله معهد

رسول الله

خان ع اسمی بها... اند ...

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Margin entirely obliterated.

[blocks in formation]

VIII. MODERN Torki Coins.

(18th and 19th centuries). There are altogether 18 of these coins which fall into the following three classes,

(a) Khāns of Khoqand. Apparently Shāh Rukh II; 1 coin, copper; mint Khoqand; date lost, but should be 1184 Ņ. (=1770 A.D.); not in British Museum Catalogue; weight 58 grs.; size 0.66". Plate I, fig. 28. Obverse.

Reverse.
Double-lined square area

Single-lined small
across another double-

cirular area within
lined
square, surround-

broad ornamental
ed by arabesques.

margin.

43

قند

فرج

(6) Atāliq of Kāshghar. Yaqub Beg; 3 coins, copper; not in British Museum Catalogue ; mint Käshghar; date 1293 H. (1876 A.D.); weight 51-58 grs., size 0.625". Plate I, fig. 27. Obverse.

Reverse.

B

خان

خان

[blocks in formation]

Both areas within a double-lined circle, surrounded by a circle of dots.

(c) Coins of Yarqand. There are 14 of these coins. They are heart-shaped, and their legends are counter-sunk. There are three varieties, differing by the obverse legends; the reverse legend of all (see Pl. II, 28, first figure on the left) is diju gue or mint Yārqand (or possibly sissy Yārkand). There is no date. Weight 107-132 grs.; size 0.75 x 0.5625''. The obverse legends have not been read; two of them are shown in Plate II, 28; the third in Plate III, 17. One of them (Pl. II, 28, on extreme right) is, by Munshi Ahmad Din, doubtfully read ule willige. This particular variety is the commonest. From M. 2, 3, 6, 9; G. 7, 10.

IX. MODERN INDIAN Coins. The total of these coins is 59. They are of a very great variety, as follows.

(a) British Coins. (1) East India Company ; Sumatra; 1 coin, copper; obv. Cock rev. vative legend, with date 1247 ħ. ( = 1831 A.D.). See Indian Museum Catalogue, No. 12083, in Vol. II, p. 133.

(2) One i'a Anna piece of 1889. Copper. Obverse: Victoria Empress.

(6) Native States. (1) Bhūj; 1 coin, copper; weight 52 grs., size 0:6". Obv. in Nāgari, round margin, Çri Khegär-ji Mirjā Mahārāo, in centre trident, with 1938 (Samvat) below it ( = 1882 A.D.). Rev., in Persian, zarb Bhuj, Victoria Quişar-j-Hind, in centre sanah 1882 (A.D.), with Rājpūt dayger below it. Plate II, fig. 31.

(2) Bhopal; 1 coin, copper, anna; mint Bhopal; date 1277 . (= 1860 A.D.). See Journal, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LXVI, p. 270, Pl. XXXIII, fig. 57.

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