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Muhammad Arslān Khān was a son of 'Alā Nür Khānim, a daughter of Satuq Bughră (or Yilik) Khān and wife of Toq Būbā Khān; he succeeded in or about 441 W. ( = 1049 A.D.) bis uncles Hasan Bughrā, Husain Bughrā, and Yûsuf Qādir who reigned, in the aggregate, twelve years. Both Hasan and Husain, as well as Muḥam. mad Arslān's half-brother Sayyid 'Ali Arslān Khān were martyred in battle against the “infidel ” Buddhists of Khotan. See Bellew, ibidem, pp. 126-129 and Shaw, ibidem, pp. 334, 335, 339. The term Al-mustanjid-billah means 'Seeker of help from God.'

(c) Ghori Sultāns. Muḥammad bin Sam; 2 coins; mixed silver; like British Museum Catalogue (Saltāvs of Delhi), Plate I, No. 12, (p. 9), also No. 10 in Thomas' Chronicles of the Pathan Kings of Delhi; of the “Bull and Horseman ” type ; date circa 1195 A.D.; weight 45.5 and 53 grs., size 0.625". From G. 4.

(d) Urtugis of Māridin. 'Alāu-d-din Kaiqobād ; 1 coin, copper; like British Museum Catalogue, Vol. III, Plate IX, No. 474 (p. 169, under Nāşiru d-din's coins); mint lost, date 630 Ņ. (= 1232 A.D.) with will din on the left of the central legend of reverse; weight 135.5 grs., size 1.16". Plate I, fig. 20. M. 2 (?).

This species of coin seems to have been imitated in making ornamental plaques, and guards for binding block-prints; see below General Remarks on Block-prints and Plate IV, figs. 2 and 3.

(e) Khāns of the Golden Horde. (1) Jāni Beg Khān; 2 coins, silver; like Br. Mus. Cat., Vol. VI, Plate VII, No. 388 (p. 133); mint Khwārizm, date 743 Ņ. (= 1342 A.D.); weight 28-5 grs., size 0:6". From G. 4.

(2) Bardi Beg Khān; 1 coin, silver; like ibidem, No. 4+3 (p. 146) mint Khwārizm, date 760 . (= 1358 A.D.); weight 30-5 grs., size 06". Plate I, fig. 29.

(f) House of Timur. (1) Shāh Rukh ; 1 coin, silver; similar to Br. Mus. Cat., Vol. VII, Plate II, No. 61 (p. 24), but adds des at beginning of third line, as in No. 80 (p. 29); mint and date lost (reign 1404-1447 A D.); weight 78 grs.; size 0.875". Plate II, fig. 27. From G. 4.

(2) Sulțān Aḥmad (1467–1493 A.D.); 1 coin, silver; the same as ibidem, No. 61 (p. 24) of Shāh Rukh, but counter-struck with a six-foil die of Sultan Ahmad, as in ibidem, No. 117 (p. 42); mint obliterated by counter-struck die, date 828 H. (= 1424 A.D.); weight 77.5 grs., size 0.875". Plate I, fig. 25. From G. 4.

(9) Sultans of Kashmir., (1) Zainu-l-'Abidin, 1417-1487 A.D., one coin, copper. Like Journal, As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XLVIII (1879), p. 284, pl. xiii, No. 2.

(2) Haidar Shāh, 1467-1489 A.D., one coin, copper; date illegible. Like ibidem, pl. xiii, No. 5.

(3) Hasan Shāh, 1489–1481 A.D., one coin, copper; double-struck on à coin of Haidar Shāh; date illegible.

(4) Muḥammad Shāh, 1481-1537 A.D.; two coins, copper; dates illegible. Like ibid., pl. xiii, No. 7.

(5) Fatḥ Shāb, 1483-1520 A.D., two coins, copper; dates illegible; one shows wiemi 90 (between 919 and 926 Ņ. or 1513 and 1520 A.D.) Like ibid., pl. xiii, No. 8.

(h) Unidentified (1) Seven coins, copper; not in British Museum Catalogue; mint Kāshghar, date 950 H. in words (= 1543 A. D.); weight 80-5–123 grs.; size 0.9375-1•2". From M. 2. Plate II, fig. 26a-d.

في التاريخ

سنه خمسين تسعمایه

ضرب . عدل - (?) مول - (?) دس In semicircles

Obverse.

Reverse.
Single-lined large circular

Small central square, with
area, within circle of

semicircles upon

the four
dots.

sides.
In square either peut alone

(26d) or with another
unread word (26e).

cm (?)--
Two of the coins show a square counter-struck die (fig. 26d), with

. The two words after 'adl probably contain a name which I am unable to identify. At the time of the date of the coiu several dynasties were contending for the possession of Kasbghar, e.g., the Bukhāra rulers, the Mongol Khāns and the Doughlat Amirs.

(2) Sulaimān Khaqān (?); 52 coins, copper; not in the British Museum Catalogue; with neither mint nor date; weight 26-116 grs., average 60 grs.; size 1-1:4". From M. 2, M. 3, M. 4, M. 6, G. 5, G. 7, G. 10. Two varieties, as follows:

.on it کاشغر

First Variety.
37 coins. Plate I, figs. 32–35.
Obverse.

Reverse.
Within two concentric circles Octagonal area within a
with dots between them.

circle, with fleur de lys
in the segments.

لا الله الا

الله وحده

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لا شريك له محمد رسول

الله

المستعصم سلیمان (2) قدر (2) کفعاح

خاقان

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Second Variety.

15 coins. Plate I, fig. 31.
Obverse.

Reverse,
The same as

Area as on obv.

Legend as on 1st variety, (3) Masačūd (?); 17 coins, copper; not in British Museum Cat-rlogue; mint and date lost with margin; weight 34-92 grs., average 70 grs.; size 0·0325–1.25". From M. 2, G. 7. Plate II, fig. 26 and 30. Obverse.

Reverse. Area in double-lined circle.

Area in double-lined circle.

lamoro (?)

لا اله الا الله محمد

(فر

مسعود

رسول الله

(2) الحواله

امیر ... المظفر obliterated

,
only

Inscribed margin nearly

Margin, inscribed with date,

nearly obliterated, apparentvisible.

ly 977 in words. (4) Six coins; copper; similar to No. 2. Not read.

(5) Ten coins; copper, of 8 different kinds; unread; five of them shown in Plates I, 7 and 23, II, 24, III, 13 and 14. Two from G. 4.

(6) Two coins; silver; in very indifferent condition; unread; apparently Mongol issues. Weight 30 and 21 grs., size 0.9" and 0.83". From M. 2.

(7) One coin ; gold; mint and date lost with margin; weight 75 grs. ; size 0·83". Plate III, 16.

J. 1. 9

[blocks in formation]

Inscribed margin, almost

Margin inscribed with date, entirely obliterated and

almost entirely obliterated, illegible.

only diw visible.

(i) Line of Shaibān. Iskandar; 1 coin, silver, with a loop for suspension; apparently similar to British Museum Catalogue, Vol. VII, Nos. 135 and 145; mint and date obliterated (reign 1560-1583 A.D.); weight 62 grs., size 1.25". Plate III, 12. Obverse.

Reverse.
Square area.

Eight-foil area
with two five-rayed stars.

لا اله الا الله

مل رسول الله

خان اسک بها...

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VIII. Modern Torki Coins.

(18th and 19th centuries). There are altogether 18 of these coins which fall into the following three classes,

(a) Khans of Khoqand. Apparently Shāh Rukh II; 1 coin, copper; mint Khoqand; date lost, but should be 1184 Ņ. (=1770 A.D.); not in British Museum Catalogue; weight 58 grs. ; size 0:66". Plate I, fig. 28. Obverse.

Reverse.
Double-lined square area

Single-lined small
across another double-

cirular area within
lined
square, surround-

broad ornamental
ed by arabesques.

margin.

é

خو قند

قرب

(6) Atāliq of Käshghar. Yaqub Beg; 3 coins, copper; not in British Museum Catalogue ; mint Kāshghar; date 1293 H. (1876 A.D.); weight 51-58 grs., size 0.625". Plate I, fig. 27. Obverse.

Reverse.

6

خان

خان

[blocks in formation]

Both areas within a double-lined circle, surrounded by a circle of dots.

(c) Coins of Yarqand. There are 14 of these coins. They are heart-shaped, and their legends are counter-sunk. There are three varieties, differing by the obverse legends; the reverse legend of all (see Pl. II, 28, first figure on the left) is a wyne or mint Yārqand (or possibly sissy Yārkand). There is no date. Weight 107–132 grs.; size 0.75 x 0:5625". The obverse legends have not been read; two of them are shown in Plate II, 28; the third in Plate III, 17. One of them (Pl. II, 28, on extreme right) is, by Munshi Aḥmad Din, doubtfully read ule willigud. This particular variety is the commonest. From M. 2, 3, 6, 9; G. 7, 10.

IX. MODERN Indian Coins. The total of these coins is 59. They are of a very great variety, as follows.

(a) British Coins. (1) East India Company; Sumātra ; 1 coin, copper; obv. Cock; rev, native legend, with date 1247 Ņ. (=1831 A.D.). See Indian Museum Catalogue, No. 12083, in Vol. II, p. 133.

(2) One is Anna piece of 1889. Copper. Obverse: Victoria Empress.

(6) Native States. (1) Bhūj; 1 coin, copper; weight 52 grs., size 0:6". Obv. in Nagari, round margin, Çri Khegār-ji Mirjā Mahārāo, in centre trident, with 1938 (Samvat) below it ( = 1882 A.D.). Rev., in Persian, parb Bhüj, Victoria Quişar-i-Hind, in centre sanah 1882 (A.D.), with Rājput dagger below it. Plate II, fig. 31.

(2) Bhopal; 1 coin, copper, anna; mint Bhopal ; date 1277 H. ( = 1860 A.D.). See Journal, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LXVI, p. 270, Pl. XXXIII, fig. 57.

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