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Muḥammad Arslan Khan was a son of 'Ala Nur Khānim, a daughter of Satuq Bughrā (or Yilik) Khan and wife of Toq Būbā Khan; he succeeded in or about 441 Ḥ. (=1049 A.D.) his uncles Ḥasan Bughra, Ḥusain Bughrā, and Yūsuf Qādir who reigned, in the aggregate, twelve years. Both Ḥasan and Husain, as well as Muḥammad Arslān's half-brother Sayyid ‘Ali Arslan Khan were "martyred" in battle against the "infidel" Buddhists of Khotan. See Bellew, ibidem, pp. 126-129 and Shaw, ibidem, pp. 334, 335, 339. The term Al-mustanjid-billah means 'Seeker of help from God.'
(c) Ghori Sultāns.
Muḥammad bin Sam; 2 coins; mixed silver; like British Museum Catalogue (Sultāns of Delhi), Plate I, No. 12, (p. 9), also No. 10 in Thomas' Chronicles of the Pathan Kings of Delhi; of the "Bull and Horseman" type; date circa 1195 A.D.; weight 45.5 and 53 grs., size 0.625". From G. 4.
(d) Urtugis of Maridin.
'Alau-d-din Kaiqobād; 1 coin, copper; like British Museum Catalogue, Vol. III, Plate IX, No. 474 (p. 169, under Naşiru d-din's coins); mint lost, date 630 Ḥ. (=1232 A.D.) within on the left of the central legend of reverse; weight 135.5 grs., size 1.16". Plate I, fig. 20. M. 2 (?).
This species of coin seems to have been imitated in making ornamental plaques, and guards for binding block-prints; see below General Remarks on Block-prints and Plate IV, figs. 2 and 3.
(e) Khans of the Golden Horde.
(1) Jāni Beg Khān; 2 coins, silver; like Br. Mus. Cat., Vol. VI, Plate VII, No. 388 (p. 133); mint Khwārizm, date 743 Ḥ. (=1342 A.D.); weight 28.5 grs., size 0'6". From G. 4.
(2) Bardi Beg Khan; 1 coin, silver; like ibidem, No. 443 (p. 146) mint Khwarizm, date 760 H. (=1358 A.D.); weight 30.5 grs., size 0'6". Plate I, fig. 29.
(f) House of Timur.
(1) Shah Rukh; 1 coin, silver; similar to Br. Mus. Cat., Vol. VII, Plate II, No. 61 (p. 24), but adds at beginning of third line, as in No. 80 (p. 29); mint and date lost (reign 1404-1447 A D.); weight 78 grs.; size 0.875". Plate II, fig. 27. From G. 4.
(2) Sulṭān Aḥmad (1467-1493 A.D.); 1 coin, silver; the same as ibidem, No. 61 (p. 24) of Shah Rukh, but counter-struck with a
six-foil die of Sultan Ahmad, as in ibidem, No. 117 (p. 42); mint obliterated by counter-struck die, date 828 H. (=1424 A.D.); weight 77.5 grs., size 0.875". Plate I, fig. 25. From G. 4.
(g) Sultāns of Kashmir.
(1) Zainu-l-'Abidin, 1417-1467 A.D., one coin, copper. Journal, As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XLVIII (1879), p. 284, pl. xiii, No. 2. (2) Haidar Shah, 1467-1489 A.D., one coin, copper; date illegible. Like ibidem, pl. xiii, No. 5.
(3) Hasan Shāh, 1469-1481 A.D., one coin, copper; double-struck on a coin of Ḥaidar Shah; date illegible.
(4) Muḥammad Shah, 1481-1537 A.D.; two coins, copper; dates illegible. Like ibid., pl. xiii, No. 7.
(5) Fath Shāh, 1483-1520 A.D., two coins, copper; dates illegible; one shows 90 (between 919 and 926 Ḥ. or 1513 and 1520
Like ibid., pl. xiii, No. 8.
(1) Seven coins, copper; not in British Museum Catalogue; mint Kashghar, date 950 H. in words (= 1543 A. D.); weight 80-5-123 grs.; size 0·9375-1.2". From M. 2. Plate II, fig. 26a-d.
Two of the coins show a square counter-struck die (fig. 26d), with
.on it کاشغر
The two words after 'adl probably contain a name which I am unable to identify. At the time of the date of the coin several dynasties were contending for the possession of Kashghar, e.g., the Bukhara rulers, the Mongol Khans and the Doughlat Amirs.
(2) Sulaiman Khaqan (?); 52 coins, copper; not in the British Museum Catalogue; with neither mint nor date; weight 26-116 grs., average 60 grs.; size 1-14". From M. 2, M. 3, M. 4, M. 6, G. 5, G. 7, G. 10. Two varieties, as follows:
(3) Masa'ūd (?); 17 coins, copper; not in British Museum Cat 1logue; mint and date lost with margin; weight 34-92 grs., average 70 grs.; size 0·0325-1.25". From M. 2, G. 7.
Area in double-lined circle.
Plate II, fig. 26 and 30.
Area in double-lined circle.
(4) Six coins; copper; similar to No. 2.
(5) Ten coins; copper, of 8 different kinds; unread; five of them shown in Plates I, 7 and 23, II, 24, III, 13 and 14.
Two from G. 4.
(6) Two coins; silver; in very indifferent condition; unread; apparently Mongol issues. Weight 30 and 21 grs., size 0·9′′ and 0·83′′. From M. 2.
(7) One coin; gold; mint and date lost with margin; weight 75 grs.; size 0.83". Plate III, 16.
J. 1. 9
Iskandar; 1 coin, silver, with a loop for suspension; apparently similar to British Museum Catalogue, Vol. VII, Nos. 135 and 145; mint and date obliterated (reign 1560-1583 A.D.); weight 62 grs., size 1.25′′. Plate III, 12.
There are altogether 18 of these coins which fall into the following three classes.
(a) Khans of Khogand.
Apparently Shah Rukh II; 1 coin, copper; mint Khoqand; date lost, but should be 1184 H. (=1770 A.D.); not in British Museum Catalogue; weight 58 grs. ; size 0·66". Plate I, fig. 28.
(b) Atalig of Kashghar.
Yaqub Beg; 3 coins, copper; not in British Museum Catalogue; mint Kashghar; date 1293 H. (1876 A.D.); weight 51-58 grs., size 0.625". Plate I, fig. 27.
Both areas within a double-lined circle, surrounded by a circle of dots.
(c) Coins of Yarqand.
There are 14 of these coins. They are heart-shaped, and their legends are counter-sunk. There are three varieties, differing by the obverse legends; the reverse legend of all (see Pl. II, 28, first figure on the left) is or mint Yarqand (or possibly a Yarkand). There is no date. Weight 107-132 grs.; size 0.75 x 0.5625". The obverse legends have not been read; two of them are shown in Plate II, 28; the third in Plate III, 17. One of them (Pl. II, 28, on extreme right) is, by Munshi Aḥmad Din, doubtfully read. This particular variety is the commonest. From M. 2, 3, 6, 9; G. 7, 10.
The total of these coins is 59. They are of a very great variety, as follows.
(a) British Coins.
(1) East India Company; Sumātra; 1 coin, copper; obv. Cock; rev. native legend, with date 1247 Ḥ. (=1831 A.D.). See Indian Museum Catalogue, No. 12083, in Vol. II, p. 133.
(2) One Anna piece of 1889. Empress.
Copper. Obverse: Victoria
(b) Native States.
(1) Bhuj; 1 coin, copper; weight 52 grs., size 06". Obv. in Nāgari, round margin, Çri Khegār-ji Mirjā Mahārão, in centre trident, with 1938 (Samvat) below it (= 1882 A.D.). Rev., in Persian, zarb Bhuj, Victoria Quisar-i-Hind, in centre sanah 1882 (A.D.), with Rajput dagger below it. Plate II, fig. 31.
(2) Bhopal; 1 coin, copper, anna; mint Bhopal; date 1277 Ḥ. (=1860 A.D.). See Journal, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LXVI, p. 270, Pl. XXXIII, fig. 57.