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The following table shows the names of Kaśmir Pargaņas as contained in the lists of Abū-l-Fazl, Moorcroft, Von Hügel, Vigne and Major Bates. The list of the latter (Gazetteer, p. 2) is the fullest and also indicates the division of the Parganas between Marāz and Kamrāz as shown in the table.

The arrangement of the Pargana names conforms to the topographical order followed in Chapter IV. of this Memoir. The second column gives the Pargaņa names according to their present Kaśmiri pronunciation, without regard to the often curiously distorted forms in which these names are presented by the earlier lists. The third column shows the authorities in whose lists each particular name is found. In the fourth column the Sanskrit name of the district has been indicated, whenever known, together with the text in which it first occurs. In the last column references have been given to the paragraphs of the Memoir specially dealing with the historical topography of the several districts.

Besides the Pargaņas shown in the table, Abu-l-Fazl counts with Kaśmir the Pargaņas of 'Maru Adwin' (Mạờivāờvan), 'Banihal' (Bānahāl), and 'Dachhin Khāwarah' (i.e., Dachün-Khôvur, the valley on both banks of the Vitastā below Bārāmūla). In the same way Moorcroft adds the Pargaņas ofDurbid' (i.e., Dvārbidi in the Vitastā Valley, comp. § 53), • Karnao' and 'Tahirabad'; of the position of the last-named tract I am not certain.

[The list of Kaśmir Parganas given by P. JOSEPH TIEFFENTHALER, Description de l'Inde, p. 77, is only a defective reproduction of Abū-lFazl's list. RITTER, Asien, ii. pp. 1136 sq., has endeavoured to elucidate

Tieffenthaler's queer names with whatever materials were then available]

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