Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire, from Columbus to Magellan
Random House Publishing Group, 20/11/2013 - 720 من الصفحات
From one of the greatest historians of the Spanish world, here is a fresh and fascinating account of Spain’s early conquests in the Americas. Hugh Thomas’s magisterial narrative of Spain in the New World has all the characteristics of great historical literature: amazing discoveries, ambition, greed, religious fanaticism, court intrigue, and a battle for the soul of humankind.
Hugh Thomas shows Spain at the dawn of the sixteenth century as a world power on the brink of greatness. Her monarchs, Fernando and Isabel, had retaken Granada from Islam, thereby completing restoration of the entire Iberian peninsula to Catholic rule. Flush with success, they agreed to sponsor an obscure Genoese sailor’s plan to sail west to the Indies, where, legend purported, gold and spices flowed as if they were rivers. For Spain and for the world, this decision to send Christopher Columbus west was epochal—the dividing line between the medieval and the modern.
Spain’s colonial adventures began inauspiciously: Columbus’s meagerly funded expedition cost less than a Spanish princess’s recent wedding. In spite of its small scale, it was a mission of astounding scope: to claim for Spain all the wealth of the Indies. The gold alone, thought Columbus, would fund a grand Crusade to reunite Christendom with its holy city, Jerusalem.
The lofty aspirations of the first explorers died hard, as the pursuit of wealth and glory competed with the pursuit of pious impulses. The adventurers from Spain were also, of course, curious about geographical mysteries, and they had a remarkable loyalty to their country. But rather than bridging earth and heaven, Spain’s many conquests bore a bitter fruit. In their search for gold, Spaniards enslaved “Indians” from the Bahamas and the South American mainland. The eloquent protests of Bartolomé de las Casas, here much discussed, began almost immediately. Columbus and other Spanish explorers—Cortés, Ponce de León, and Magellan among them—created an empire for Spain of unsurpassed size and scope. But the door was soon open for other powers, enemies of Spain, to stake their claims.
Great men and women dominate these pages: cardinals and bishops, priors and sailors, landowners and warriors, princes and priests, noblemen and their determined wives.
Rivers of Gold is a great story brilliantly told. More significant, it is an engrossing history with many profound—often disturbing—echoes in the present.
That relation continued indefinitely: Granada sent gold to Castile until 1480 in order to be allowed to continue her separate being, though whether that constituted what the Christians called "vassal SPAIN AT THE CROSSROADS 5.
From there she sent Fray (Friar) Alonso de Palencia and Gutierre de Cardenas to seek out Fernando of Aragon. The prince required no persuading to return with them to Castile, which he did romantically and without guards, though bruised ...
But he undertook, with regard to any authority that he might exercise in Castile, to respect traditional arrangements and to sign everything jointly with Isabel. After her wise marriage, Isabel sent a conciliatory embassy to her brother ...
The young Mendoza had been sent as a boy to live with a cousin, Gutierre Gomez de Toledo, Bishop of Palencia, though he lived in Toledo. After reading law at the university of Salamanca, the future cardinal became, first, parish priest ...
The cities that sent procuradores (representatives) to the Cortes were only seventeen,'1 and for much of the fifteenth century, these men had been limited to two per city. That meant that when the Queen felt she should call a Cortes ...
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
LibraryThing Reviewمعاينة المستخدمين - DinadansFriend - LibraryThing
Hugh Thomas has come through again! The Spanish Empire was not only a romantic idea, but an organization, and an enterprise which involved a relatively few people in the continental Spanish structure ... قراءة التقييم بأكمله
Rivers of gold: the rise of the Spanish Empire, from Columbus to Magellanمعاينة المستخدمين - Not Available - Book Verdict
A momentous year for Western civilization, 1492 saw the defeat of the last Islamic state in western Europe and the setting forth of expeditions that would open up an entire hemisphere to European ... قراءة التقييم بأكمله
Book Six CISNEROS
King Fernando He is dead
Go back and see what is happening
Book Seven CHARLES KING AND EMPEROR
The best place in the world for blacks
It is clear as day
I was moved to act by a natural compassion
For empire conies from God alone
As if in their own country
4 To course oer better waters 183
15 The greatest good that we can wish for
Teach them and indoctrinate them with good customs
17 Children must constantly obey their parents
You ought to send one hundred black slaves
And they leapt onto the land
Call this other place Amerige
Book Four DIEGO COLON
A voice trying in the wilderness
Infidels may justly defend themselves
Without partiality love or hatred
Book Five BALBOA AND PEDRAR1AS
They took possession of all that sea 327
A man very advanced in excess
The new golden land
Book Eight NEW SPAIN
I am to pass away like a faded flower
This land is the richest in the world
O our lord thou has suffered
Go with good fortune
The new emperor 513
From the poplars I come mama
The Costs of Becoming Emperor 1519