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1. 10084. for late of pe night, on account of the lateness of the night: for late occurs again in 1. 10227.

II. 10131-2. to graue, to bury: occurs in Havelok, 1. 613. (See Gloss. to Havelok: also Jamieson's Dict. under Graif.) barly no = barely any.

1. 10184. noyes = noyous : see Gloss.

1. 10210. swat, sweated, perspired: Burns in Tam o' Shanter' has, "Till ilka carlin swat and reekit."

1. 10218. Derf dynttes pai delt occurs in Morte Arthure, 1. 3749. 1. 10388. bisi was þe buerne = he had much ado.

1. 10548. noght dole, in l. 13908, vndull, not dull, not blunt, sharp. 11. 10629-41. The sun was in its summer solstice (1st point of Cancer) in our author's time, on the 12th of June. On the 16th, it would be in the 4th point of Cancer, only a very little past the solstice. The change of style accounts for the reckoning here being different from what it would be now.

11. 10704-6. Rut purgh, &c.: compare Morte Arthure, 1. 2271.
Between the lyuer, &c.: compare M. A., 1. 2168.

his ble chaungit: compare M. A., II. 3558, 4213.

1. 10795. as pai degh shuld as if they were about to die.

11. 10804-9. Óbserve that, in four of these six lines the alliteration dwells on vowels. Such lines are very scarce in William of Palerne and Piers Plowman, but pretty common in this work and the Morte Arthure. In a previous note attention was called to the number of couplets and triplets with the same rime-letter: another example of each is given in ll. 10813-14 and 10818-20. See note, l. 14035.

1. 10985. Compare with 1. 5810, and both with Morte Arthure, 11. 3832-3.

1. 11029. Lugget: see note to 1. 6663.

1. 11091. Stedes doun sticked, steeds fell mortally stabbed: compare with Morte Arthure, 11. 1488, 3823. This picture is given again and again in The Bruce: as in Bk 6, 1. 321: 7. 717 : 8. 602: 9. 101, &c. 11. 11246-7. for doute because of the difficulty of the question. and then (I shall) act for the best, or, and (that

& wirke to pe best
I may) act for the best.

1. 11322. in mene as mediator or representative.

1. 11375. a claterer of mowthe, a tale bearer: see Jamieson's Dict. and Supp.

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laid their heads together, i. e. con

ferred with each other: the phrase is still used.

1. 11437. cundeth, a safe conduct: occurs in Morte Arthure as condethe, coundyte, cundit (see Gloss.); and in Wallace as condyt, Bk 6, 1. 864, and cundyt, Bk 6, 1. 888.

1. 11621. exit, asked, demanded: see Rubric to Bk 1.

1. 11753. vtwith, without, outside: see Outwith in Jamieson's Dict. 1. 11789. Kowchit, laid: see 1. 8386 and note. The word is still

in use.



1. 11837. swyke, deceit, treachery: A.S. swíc.


1. 11934. ne no hate poght expecting nothing of the kind: hate, the smallest thing, quantity, or degree, from Isl. haete, haeti. See Jamieson's Dict.

1. 11941. Tobbes, pieces, articles: but as pesis occurs in the next line, perhaps jubbes (jugs holding about a quart) are intended.

1. 11949. rewerd, in 1. 12697, rurde, in 1. 13902, ruerde, noise, tumult, confusion: see Jamieson's Dict. under Reird.

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1. 12212. wary, curse, ban, despise, speak ill of: occurs in Wiclif, Matt. xxvi; Chaucer, Man of Lawes, 1. 1492.

Jamieson's Dict. and Supp.

1. 12424. mertrid: see note to 1. 5553.

See Prompt. Parv, and

1. 12529. slober, foam, foul drift. sluche, slush, muddy water, or, watery mud; in 11. 5710, 13547, slicche.

1. 12609. hade, would hide or conceal.

1. 12627. Happit, covered over: as in the old song,

"Hap and row, hap and row,

Hap and row the feetie o't," &c.

An old

1. 12842. Ames you of malice, moderate your malice: see Jamieson's Dict. and Supp: under Ameise and Meis (Ger. massen). proverb has, Crab without cause, and mease without mends.'

1. 12934. fuute of paire hedes

= lack of their chiefs.

1. 13019. the barre, the band of flannel with which an infant is swaddled, a girdle; also, the undermost dress of a female: A.S. bær, naked, because worn next the body. The word is still so used: see Jamieson's Dict. and Supp.

1. 13120. wallond wele, lit. well-selected wealth one's whole riches. walt he no gode

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hard-won riches,

he had nothing left.

1. 13254. the Sea occian, the great, wide sea: in Douglas's Virgil, p. 21, 1. 48, occurs the octiane se.'


11. 13502-6. clocher = clough, a cleft in a rocky hill, a strait hollow between precipitous banks, or, as Verstegan has it in Restit. Dec. Intell., "a kind of breach down along the side of a hill:" it is here place of concealment. the hed of the hole the beginning of the topmost step: hext = highest. laigher, lower. selkowth, strange, but used as a s. = a wonder. 1. 13633. Wanen (3rd pl. pret. of Win), got: wan is the form most used throughout this work; but both forms are still common.

the entrance. the hext gre


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11. 13680-3. aspies, seeks out, watches for an opportunity to bring about, meditates. vnqwemys his quate upsets his judgment, turns his head. Gers hym swolow a swete, engages him in some enticing speculation. pat swelles hym after, that costs him dear, that ruins him. 1. 13826. Grydell girdell, a girdle: Su.-Goth. graedda, to bake. See Gloss. under Girdiller.

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1. 13889. nolpit nappit, struck fast and fiercely: nap is still used to express striking with a hammer, and a nap = a blow, as in 1. 6437. 1. 13902. rught = rugh, rough. Note the t after gh here as in strenght, strenkyght (1. 6276), lenght, &c.

1. 13908. a dart vndull, a dart not dull, i. e. blunt see 1. 10548.

= a sharp dart: 11. 13920-7. In the MS. these lines are quite confused: 1. 13923 comes after 1. 13927, and no sense is possible. Perhaps the said ought to be he said, in l. 13927.

1. 13953. kepyng, imprisonment; see 11. 13812-5.

1. 14035. This is another very short line, yet quite complete: compare with 11. 4313, 8989. Observe also, that in the thirty lines, 14006 36, the alliteration dwells on vowels six times.

D. D.


The text presents so many varieties and irregularities of spelling, that it
was found necessary to adopt the modern English characters in the compilation
of the following Index.

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3225, 5889.

Abasshet, part. (from A.N. abais-
ser) bowed down, covered, 329;
terrified, confounded, 2517.
Abate, v. (A.N.) to oppose, to try
to hinder, 5686; to lessen, 10104.
Abide, Abyde, v. (A.S.) to await,
1112; to wait, 1151.
Abill, Able, Abull, adj. able,
skilful, 273; fit, ready, 943; suit-
able, needful, 1744, 2316.
Abilly, adv. skilfully, suitably,


About, Aboute, adv. near by,
around, 1600, 5810; round, all
round, 1657, 1666.

Abrode, adv. away, 3714.
Abundaunt, Abundonet, part.
abounding, 1695, 3347.
Abute, adv. about, 1509.
Accord, v. (Fr.) to make of one

mind, to reconcile, 13095.
Achates, 8. (A.N.) an agate, 790.
Acheve, v. (A.N.) to accomplish,
to obtain, 13765.

Aclose, v. to enclose, to keep
close, 10524.

Acord, s. concord, 11863.
Acoyntaunse, 8. acquaintance,

Acoynte, v. (A.N.) to acquaint,

to accustom, 2931.

Adout, v. (A.N.) to fear, to shrink
from, 1097.

Aferd, part. p. (A.S.) afraid, 853,


Afferme, v. (A.N.) to confirm,
2675, 8420.

Afforce, Afforse, Aforse, v. (A.N.)
to rouse, to compel, to strengthen,
228, 5687, 6471, 6557, 6593.
Affraye, v. (A.N.) to attack, 1084.
Affroi, s. attack, affray, 4746.
Afinytie, Affinyte, s. (L.) family

connection, relationship, 9081; re-
latives, 11392.

After, prep. (A.S.) afterwards,
273; unto, 1613.
Agayne, prep. (A.S.) against, 907,
1188; Agayn, 7315; ade. again,


Age, s. (A.N.) time, 6.
Agh, Aght, v. (A.S. agan) to owe,
to possess, to own, to acknowledge,
315,378, 1701, 2991, 13093; pret.
and part. aght; "as hom wele aght,"
as they were in duty bound, 1701.

Aght, adj. (A.S.) eight, 3243, | Amyddes, prep. amidst, in the


Aire, s. an heir, 11684; Ayre,
9088, 11745.

Aither, pron. (A.S.) either,
10930; both, 11060; each, 65.
Ajoinet, Ajoynet, Ajoynit, part.
p. called, 128, 291; joined, added,

Ajoyne, v. (L.) to go to, 350,

974; to appoint, to allot, 2197.
Alate, adv. lately, 4176.
Alblast, Alblaster, 8. (A.N.) an
engine for shooting arrows, a cross-
bow, 4742, 5727.

Ald, adj. (A.S.) old; sup. aldist,


Alie, v. to be related, 1284; to



agree, to consent, 3190.
All, adv. (A.S.) entirely, 8816.
Frequently joined with other words
to form an adverbial phrase, as
with pert wordes "unblushing-
ly, 977.
All-to, Alto, adv. completely,
thoroughly, 1264, 7629, 10010.
Alose, v. (A.N.) to praise, to com-
mend, 9731.

Alowe, v. (A.N. allouer) to praise,
to approve, 4611, 8865.
Als, Alse, conj. (A.S.) also, like-
wise, 1505, 13143; adv. like, as,
as if, 178, 900, 1217, 3318, 6040.
Alsmony = as many, 4125.
Alstite, adv. (A.S.) quickly,


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centre of, 8774.

An, conj. and, 2328; adj. one,
4062; as a v. = han, hane, bad,

And, conj. if, 581, 606, 610,
1440, 12709; before, 12710; but,
nevertheless, 1398; adv. while,

Angard, s. impetuosity, 9745.
Angardly, Angarely, Angarly,
Angurdly, adv. angrily, fiercely,
eagerly, 7441, 7470, 9104; very,
exceedingly, 6996; "angarly
mony" very many, 4683.
Angre, v. (A.S.) to anger, to pro-

voke, 4571; to be angry, to be-
come angry, 6909, 7327; to wound,

Anoisyt, part. p. made famous,

much talked of, 220.
Anone, adv. immediately, 1955.
Answare, v. to answer, 1862.
Aparty, adv. partly, 3842.
Apere, Appere, v. to appear, to
come forward, 1215, 1643; to
yield, 11856.

Aperte, adv. (A.N.) openly,


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Apropre, v. to conquer, to annex,


Archet, part. p. arched, covered

over, 1577.
Ardagh, adj. (A.S.) fallowing,
ploughing; "on ardagh wise"=
as if he were ploughing, 175.
Are, adv. lately, 8876.

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