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MILITARY COLD WAR EDUCATION AND

SPEECH REVIEW POLICIES

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE
SPECIAL PREPAREDNESS SUBCOMMITTEE

OF THE
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

UNITED STATES SENATE
EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

PART 1

JANUARY 23, 24, 25, 30, 31, 1962

Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services

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COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia, Chairman HARRY FLOOD BYRD, Virginia

LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, Massachusetts JOHN STENNIS, Mississippi

MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

FRANCIS CASE, South Dakota HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

PRESCOTT BUSH, Connecticut SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

J. GLENN BEALL, Maryland
STROM THURMOND, South Carolina

BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona
CLAIR ENGLE, California
E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada
ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia

Harry L. WINGATE, Jr., Chief Clerk

SPECIAL PREPAREDNESS SUBCOMMITTEE

JOHN STENNIS, Mississippi, Chair man STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, Massachusetts HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine STROM THURMOND, South Carolina

FRANCIS CASE, South Dakota E, L, BARTLETT, Alaska

JAMES T. KENDALL, Chief Counsel

CONTENTS

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231

258

299

Testimony of -

Adm. Arleigh Burke, U.S. Navy (retired) ----

Lt. Gen. Arthur G. Trudeau, U.S. Army, Chief of Research and De-

velopment, Department of the Army-------

Gen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer, U.S. Army, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs

of Staff-------

Gen. Thomas D. White, U.S. Air Force (retired)-------

Gen. David M. Shoup, U.S. Marine Corps, Commandant of the Ma-

rine Corps----

Gen. Frederic H. Smith, Jr., U.S. Air Force, Vice Chief of Staff, U.S.

Air Force-------

Adm. George W. Anderson, U.S. Navy, Chief of Naval Operations ---
Willis D. Lawrence, Assistant Director for Policy and Procedures of

the Directorate for Security Review, Office of the Assistant Secre-

tary of Defense (Public Affairs) --------

Charles W. Hinkle, Director of the Directorate for Security Review,

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs)------

Additional information:
Statements from
General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, former President of

the United States.-----
Hon. Robert A. Lovette, former Secretary of Defense-------

Gen. Thomas D. White, U.S. Air Force (retired)----

Letters from-

Gen. David M. Shoup, U.S. Marine Corps, Commandant of the

Marine Corps...

Hon. Cyrus R. Vance, General Counsel, Department of Defense_-
Abstracts of changes in speeches of-

Lt. Gen. Arthur G. Trudeau, U.S. Army, Chief of Research and

Development, Department of the Army-----

Adm. Arleigh Burke, U.S. Navy (retired)------

Gen. Thomas D. White, U.S. Air Force (retired)------

Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, U.S. Air Force, Chief of Staff, U.S. Air

Force--------------------

Adm. George W. Anderson, U.S. Navy, Chief of Naval Operations.

Article: "If the Military Man Is Compelled to Speak * * *” by Gen.

Thomas D. White, USAF (retired)-Newsweek...

Memorandum by subcommittee staff, subject: Department of Defense

and Department of State Policies and Procedures Regarding Review

and Clearance of Speeches Delivered by Defense Personnel -----

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MILITARY COLD WAR EDUCATION AND SPEECH

REVIEW POLICIES

TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1962

U.S. SENATE,
SPECIAL PREPAREDNESS SUBCOMMITTEE
OF THE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,

Washington, D.C. The special subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 11:02 a.m., in room 318, Old Senate Office Building.

Present: Senators Stennis (chairman), Symington, Jackson, Thurmond, Bartlett, Saltonstall, Smith, and Case.

Also present: Member, ex officio, Senator Cannon.
Special subcommittee staff: James T. Kendall, chief counsel.

Senator STENNIS (presiding). Let the subcommittee come to order. We have certain preliminaries for the record, and then we also have statements that will be read before the first witness, Admiral Burke, testifies.

First, for the record, Mr. Reporter, I have a copy of the text of the resolution of the Committee on Armed Services, adopted September 20, 1961, appointing this special subcommittee. Next, I have a letter dated January 17, 1962, to the chairman from Senator Russell, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, adding Senator Case of South Dakota as a member of this subcommittee in the place of our late colleague, Senator Styles Bridges.

Senator Case, may we extend a special word of welcome to you as you join this subcommittee and bring with you your fine background, knowledge, experience, as well as your sincere devotion to duty and your sense of obligation as a member of this subcommittee on any assignment that you are given.

Senator Case. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. (The documents referred to are as follows:) The following is the text of the resolution of the Committee on Armed Services, C.S. Senate, adopted September 20, 1961, pursuant to which the special subcommittee was appointed :

"Resolved, That a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, to be appointed or designated by the Chairman, be authorized and directed to study and appraise the use of military personnel and facilities to arouse the public to the menace of the cold war and to inform and educate armed services personnel on the nature and menace of the cold war, and that such subcommittee be rested with the full subpoena power of the Senate Committee on Armed Serv

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