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Book V.

The river Xanthus
flowed through
the city, under
the houses.

(fol. 27 b.)

In imitation of
Troy, Rome was
built on a river-
the Tiber.

Priam caused all

his people to
settle in Troy.

draughts, dice,
magic, and May

With all maister men pat on molde dwellis, 1600 Onestly enabit in entris Aboute.

Thurgh myddis þe mekill toune meuyt a water,
And disseuert þe Cite, pat Xanthus hight.
There were bild by the bankes of pe brode

1604 Mylnes full mony, made for to grynde,
ffor solas of the Cite pat suet hom to.
The water by wisshyng went vnder houses,
Gosshet through Godardys & other grete vautes,
1608 And clensit by course all pe clene Cite

Of filth and of feum, throughe fletyng by nethe.
In Ensample of this Cite, sothely to telle,
Rome on a Riuer rially was set,

1612 Enabit by Eneas after full longe,
Tild vpon Tiber after Troy like.
Priamus pertly the peopull ylkon,
hat longit to his lond & logit O fer,
1616 Gert sue to pe Cite sothely to dwelle,

And fild it with folke fuerse was þe nowmber,
Of lordes of pe lond and oper lesse peopull.
In þat Cite for sothe, as saith vs the story,

Many games were 1620 Mony gaumes were begonnen pe grete for to solas.

invented there,
such as chess,

The chekker was choisly pere chosen pe first,
The draghtes, the dyse, and oper dregh gaumes.
Soche soteltie pai soght to solas hom with;
1624 The tables, the top, tregetre also,

And in the moneth of may mekill þai vsit,
With floures and fresshe bowes fecchyng of


Somur qwenes, and qwaintans, & oper qwaint

gaumes, 1628 There foundyn was first, & yet ben forthe haunted.


Priam by purpos a pales gert make

Within the Cite full Solempne of a sete riall, Louely and large to logge in hym seluyn, 1632 ffull worthely wroght & by wit caste,


And euyn at his etlyng Ylion was cald ;
Closit with a clene wall crustrit with towres,
Euyn round as a ryng richely wroght,—
1636 ffyue hundrith fete fully the heght:-

Withoute, toures full tore torret aboue, bat were of heght so hoge, as I here fynde, þat the clowdes hom clede in vnclene ayre. 1640 In pe heghest to houe and beholde ouer,

All the lond for to loke when hym lefe thought.
To all the prouyns þai apperit & pertis ofer,

With mekyll solas to se in mony syde londis: 1644 Of crafty colours to know, all in course set,

Made all of marbyll with mason deuyse,
With ymagry full honest openly wroght.
In cornols by course clustret o lofte.
1648 The windowes, worthely wroght in a mesure,
Shapyn full shene all of shyre stones,
Caruen in Cristall by crafte of Entaile,
Pight into pilers prudly to shewe

1652 The bases & bourdurs all of bright perle.



Within this palis of prise was a proude halle,
bat large was of lenght & louely to shewe,
Painted full prudly with pure gold ouer,
Drapred by dene with a dese riall.

There were bordis full bright aboute in þat sale,
Set in a sercle, of Sedur tre fyn,

Gret vp fro pe ground vppon gray marbill.
With a flore þat was fret all of fyne stones,
Pauyt prudly all with proude colours,

Made after musycke, men on to loke.

In the cheffe of pe choise halle, chosen for pe


1664 Was a grounde vp graid with gresis of Marbill,


Book V.

Priam caused a splendid palace to be built for himself, and called it Ilion.

(fol. 28 a.)

Its towers were seen from all parts of the province.

It had beautifully wrought windows of carved crystal, set within pillars.

The palace hall was overlaid with gold, draped with a royal dais; it had tables of cedar-wood, set on marble.

The floor was of mosaic work.


Book V.

At one end of the
hall was a raised
platform for the
king; a table of
ivory, bordered
with amber, and
a throne.

(fol. 28 b.)

with precious stones and pearls.

ffor the souerayn hym selfe was a sete rioll,
Pight full of perrieris & of proude gemys,
Atyret with a tabernacle of Eyntayill fyn.

At the other end 1672 At the tother hede of pe halle was, hegh vppolofte,

was an altar set

A wonderfull werke weghes to beholde;

On the altar stood

an image of pure gold set with diamonds.


When the city was completed, Priam began to think of his past misfortunes.

And a tabill atyret, all of triet yuer, Bourdurt about all with bright Aumbur, þat smelt is & smethe, smellis full swete, 1668 With taste for to touche the tabull aboute.

With preciose stones of price & perlles ynogh,
An auter enournet in nome of a god,

1676 Goond vp by a grese all of goode stones,
Twenty pase vp pight all of pure cristall,

hat were shynyng full shene shalkes to deuyse.
Vne oppon þe Auter was amyt to stond
1680 An ymage full noble in pe nome of god,

ffyftene cubettes by course all of clene lenght,
Shynyng of shene gold & of shap nobill,
Dubbed ouer with dyamondes, þat were dere

1684 þat with lemys of light as a lamp shone :—
Of Jubiter pe iust god, þat þe ioy weldis,
In qwhom Priam prinsipally put his beleue
In sauyng his Citie and hym selfe alse;
1688 With long dayes to endure & fro dethe kepe.


Qwhen this Citie was set & full sure made,
As Priam hade purpost all with pure wit,

Then meuyt to his mynde, as yt most nede,
1692 pat his Cite was sure of hym selfe wroght;

With mekyll pepull of prise & proude men of

Riches full ryfe & relikes ynow;

All abundaunt in blisse blent with his folke,

1696 bat wele wantid no wegh, ne worship in vrthe.

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pan a sorow full sodenly sanke in his hert, A Remorec of maters, þat hym mys lyket; How þe Grekes hym greuyt and to ground put, 1700 His fader & his fryndis ferkit out of lyue,

(fol. 29 a.)

And his suster into seruage, þat hym sore noyet.
Then he somond all þe Cite vppon sere haluys, He called a
To a counsell to come for a cause hegh,

council of the
whole city.

1704 And his wille for to wete as hom wele aght.

When the grete were gedurt & po graithe all, With his semly sonnes, þat hym sate next, Saue Ector, was oute, as aunter befelle, 1708 In a countre by coursse pat of pe coron helde, Assignet by his souerayne & certen hym with, ffor play or for purpos :-pas we perfro.

When pe souerayne was set in a sete rioll, 1712 As become for a kyng in counsell with lordes;

Book V.

And our Cite for sothe, pat sum tyme was here,
Brent & betyn downe to pe bare vrthe;


Silence having been gained, the

All pese vmbe pe plase, pepull were stille, Be comaundement of pe kyng, as be come well; king opened his ben he menyt of þe mater all with mylde wordes, 1716 And touchet his entent, as I telle shall.


Our golde & our godys gripped in hond; 1732 Robbet our riches, our renttes distroyet;

Of his sons, only
Hector was


Priam's speech to
the council; he

"Now lordys of my lond & other lefe pepull,
Hit is knowen to pis court and oper kyd fryndes, recalls to mind

Of pe harmys þat we haue, & pe hoge lose;

the harm and loss that the Greeks had inflicted on

1720 That the Grekes in horgremy vs to grefe broght, the country.

Bothe to me & to myne mykull vnright,

And to yow & also yours 30meryng for euer.
How our faders before falsly were slayne,

1724 And my suster Exiona in seruage is holdyn,

hat is comen of soche kyn, coldes my hert;
Your susters for sothe & oper sik fryndes,
Wyues & wale children, pai away led,

1728 pat ben set vnder seruage & sorow for ay.

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Book V.

(fol. 29 b.)

To redress these wrongs by their advice and aid seems right and proper.

They have the


and the time

to enjoy them

selves at home.

If the council
think so, he will
send a message to
the Greeks, asking
them to restore
his sister, and to
forget old

But the fortune of

war might be

against them, and 1752 And siker were to sit and solas vs here:

it would be safer

The council agree
to the message.

Token all our tresoures, trussit into grise;
Kyld all oure kynnesmen into colde dethe;
And other wrongis vs wroght & to wo put.
Thes redurse to riche by rede of you all,
Hit were sittyng, me semys, & to sue fore.
We haue a Cite full sure, & sad pepull in ;
Well wroght for the werre, wallis full high;
1740 ffolke of defence, and to fight able;

Mony knightes full kant, & kyd men of Armys.
We haue riches full rife, red gold fyn;
Clothes full comly, and other clene Juellis ;
1744 Armur and all thing abill perfore.

Well viteld, I wis, for wynturs ynow;
ffele fryndes and fauer out of fer londys,
With a liaunse full large of other lege kyngis,
1748 bat we to helpe vs may haue in a hond whyle:
And now tyme, by my trauthe, to take it on hond,

To mene vs with manhode & our mys wreke.

But the fortune of feghters may be fell chaunse,


But be harme and the hethyng of my kynd suster,
hat is set vnder seruage, & in syn holdyn,
Greuys me so gretly & my greme ekys,

1756 þat it reuys me my rest & my right hele.
But it likis you lordis, at a lite wordys,
Thus gate to begyn er we goo ferre ;-
hat I send for my suster on a softe wise

1760 To pe Grekes, for to goo with a goode wille

And restore withoutyn strife into pis stide home,
My sister Exina soberly & faire ;

To qwit claym all querels, & be qweme fryndes. 1764 Of all our dures pai vs did & daunger for euer, All account and Enuy after to voide,

Neuer to deire for pat dede pe dayes in our lyue."

When the souerain hade said, pen sesit he here, 1768 And it liket well the lordys & pe ledis all:

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