Generating and Mediating Religious Identities: Islamic Healing Rituals Shared by Hindus and Muslims in the Dargahs of Hyderabad, India
With trends away from textuality in religious studies, I explore how shared healing rituals reveal negotiated fluid religious identities between living communities of Hindus and Muslims in South India. The emotional core of Sufi saints often propels practitioners out of normative religious traditions in ways that challenge Western subject/object dialectic scholarship. Post-structuralist critiques of objectivity and recognition of negotiated identities in body and practice provide a powerful hermeneutic for these rituals. Tombs of Muslim saints (dargahs) often become important alternative power centers of local religiosity. My fieldwork shows that three dargahs in Hyderabad have become hubs of fluid inter-religious activity, with Hindus fully participating in otherwise Islamic rituals, even in the midst of bifurcating communal violence that has recently gripped the subcontinent. Framed within an exploration of convergent systems of medicine, sainthood and healing practices, I examine how Hindus conceive of and participate in these rituals as beyond identifiers associated with normative traditions. I examine how ritualizations enable Hindu participation in Islamic healing rituals that generates and mediates not only shared interreligious sacred space and time, but calls on the participants---whether Hindu or Muslim---in order to obtain relief from their ailments, radically to reorient power relationships and, therefore, self-identities, social structures and religious world views. This has reflexive epistemological implications for our concepts of ritual, sacrality, and religious identity construction. I examine how ritual participation may not only reflect and work within a particular theological and medical universe, but may itself be generative of its own worldview, mediating and blurring the borders of normative traditions, and may produce its own healing---integrating self-identity with familial and social reconciliation. I compare notions of Hindu and Islamic sainthood, and what this comparison may mean for conceiving of the sacred space and time within a tomb of a saint shared by both traditions. Finally, I provide ethnographic accounts of Hindu participation in Islamic healing rituals in three dargahs in Hyderabad: the Pahadi Sharif, the Miran Husayn Hamawi and Shah Musa Qadiri dargahs.
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
لم نعثر على أية مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.
the inadequacies of categorical
Inadequate categories and sympathetic Indology
Derrida rethinking text and body in poststructuralist typologies
Foucault on religion ritual and sainthood
wider theories of ritual
Interreligious transaction centered on the saint
bodily and spiritual healings
Sainthood and healing rituals in and around Hyderabad
three dargahs of Hyderabad
Shah Musa Qadari dargah
Allah Andhra Arabic argues Ayurvedic Baba Sharfuddin Bahmani baraka body century Charminar civilizational communities convergent cultures Deccan Delhi Delhi Sultanate dhikr discussed divine Embodying Charisma especially explore fluid Foucault Gaborieau Golconda Gottschalk healer healing rituals healing techniques Hindu and Islamic Hindu participants Hindu/Muslim Hindus and Muslims Hyderabad Ibid India interreligious involved Islamic healing Islamic medicine Ismaili jinn Jinnah kabr khadim Khan khanqah Langar Hawz dargah mandir mazhar medicine Miran Husayn Hamawi Muhammad Pasha Musa Qadari dargah Musi river negotiated niyaz Nizari normative notions numbers Pahadi Sharif dargah patients pilgrimage political postmodern practices Prasad prayer qalandar Qur'an Qutb Shahi recounts religion religious identities sainthood sajjada nashin Salahuddin salams Sardar Hussain Savarkar Shah Fazlullah Qadari Shah Musa Qadari Shi'a social South Asian Speziale spiritual subcontinent Sufi Sufi saints Sufism Suhrawardiyya told tomb complex traditions treatments Unani Urdu Werbner wider wilayat