The Historical Muhammad
Polity, 14/05/2007 - 181 من الصفحات
In his quest for the historical Muhammad, Zeitlin 's chief aim is to catch a few reliable glimpses of the birth of Islam and the role played by its extraordinary founder. Islam, as its Prophet came to conceive it, was a strict and absolute monotheism. How Muhammad had arrived at this view is not a problem or question for devout Muslims, who believe that the Prophet had received a revelation from Allah or God, mediated by the Angel Gabriel. For scholars, however, interested in placing Muhammad in the historical context of the 7th-century Arabian Peninsula, the source of the Prophet 's inspiration is, in fact, a significant and even momentous question. For it is apparent that the two earlier monotheisms, Judaism and Christianity, constituted a definite and influential presence in the Hijaz, the region comprising Mecca and Medina. Indeed, Jewish communities were salient in the region, especially in Medina and in other not-too-distant oases. Moreover, in addition to the presence of Jews and Christians, there appears to have existed a third category of individuals, going by the name of Hanifs, who had grown dissatisfied with their polytheistic beliefs and who developed vague monotheistic ideas. Zeitlin tries to assess the extent to which these various religious influences shaped the emergence of Islam and the development of the Prophet 's beliefs.Zeitlin also seeks to understand how it was that the process set in motion by Muhammad led, not too long after his death, to the establishment of a world empire. In a counter-factual thought experiment, he proposes that if Muhammad had remained in Mecca and never had migrated to Medina, Islam either would have remained a small sect or would havebeen absorbed by the earlier monotheisms, thus disappearing altogether.
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
لم نعثر على أي مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.
Introduction and Overview of the Life of Muhammad
1 Ibn Khalduns Social and Economic Theory
2 PreIslamic Arabia
3 The Role of Abraham Hagar and Ishmael
4 Recent and Current Scholarship
5 Possible Influences on Muhammads Inspiration
A Recent ReExamination
7 Richard Bells Origin of Islam in its Christian Environment
طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات
Abyssinian aﬀairs Ahmad appears Arab tribes Badr Banu Banu Nadir battle battle of Badr became Bedouin believed Bell Byzantine called caravan century Christian cited in parentheses clan conﬁrm conﬂicts conquest Crone deﬁnite deities desert diﬀerent Donner earlier early Islamic eﬀect evidence fact ﬁnd ﬁrst following the quoted fortiﬁed Graetz group feeling hadith Hagar hanif Haykal Hebrew Henninger Hijaz Hijr Hijra historical Hitti Ibn Hisham Ibn Ishaq Ibn Khaldun idols inﬂuence Ishmael Islam Jewish Jewish tribes Jews Judaism Kaaba Khaybar Khazraj later learned Margoliouth Mecca Medina monotheism monotheistic Moses Muhammad Muir Muir’s Muslim Muslim sources Muslim tradition Nadir Newby nomadic oﬀered pagan parentheses immediately following Persian pilgrimage political polytheism pre-Islamic Arabia Prophet question quoted passage Quran Quraysh Qurayza raiding recognized references reﬂect religion religious Rubin sacred sacriﬁces sanctuary scholars sedentary seems settled signiﬁcance social solidarity story tion Torrey tribal verses victory Watt Watt’s worship writes Yathrib