The Historical Muhammad

الغلاف الأمامي
Polity, 19‏/03‏/2007 - 181 من الصفحات
In his quest for the historical Muhammad, Zeitlin 's chief aim is to catch a few reliable glimpses of the birth of Islam and the role played by its extraordinary founder. Islam, as its Prophet came to conceive it, was a strict and absolute monotheism. How Muhammad had arrived at this view is not a problem or question for devout Muslims, who believe that the Prophet had received a revelation from Allah or God, mediated by the Angel Gabriel. For scholars, however, interested in placing Muhammad in the historical context of the 7th-century Arabian Peninsula, the source of the Prophet 's inspiration is, in fact, a significant and even momentous question. For it is apparent that the two earlier monotheisms, Judaism and Christianity, constituted a definite and influential presence in the Hijaz, the region comprising Mecca and Medina. Indeed, Jewish communities were salient in the region, especially in Medina and in other not-too-distant oases. Moreover, in addition to the presence of Jews and Christians, there appears to have existed a third category of individuals, going by the name of Hanifs, who had grown dissatisfied with their polytheistic beliefs and who developed vague monotheistic ideas. Zeitlin tries to assess the extent to which these various religious influences shaped the emergence of Islam and the development of the Prophet 's beliefs.Zeitlin also seeks to understand how it was that the process set in motion by Muhammad led, not too long after his death, to the establishment of a world empire. In a counter-factual thought experiment, he proposes that if Muhammad had remained in Mecca and never had migrated to Medina, Islam either would have remained a small sect or would havebeen absorbed by the earlier monotheisms, thus disappearing altogether.
 

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المحتوى

Introduction and Overview of the Life of Muhammad
1
1 Ibn Khalduns Social and Economic Theory
16
2 PreIslamic Arabia
25
3 The Role of Abraham Hagar and Ishmael
36
4 Recent and Current Scholarship
46
5 Possible Influences on Muhammads Inspiration
74
A Recent ReExamination
87
7 Richard Bells Origin of Islam in its Christian Environment
95
8 W Montgomery Watts Muhammad
107
William Muirs Analysis
124
10 Muhammad and the Jews
137
11 Concluding Sociological Reflections
154
Notes
165
Bibliography
170
Index
175
حقوق النشر

طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

نبذة عن المؤلف (2007)

Irving M. Zeitlin, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, University of Toronto

معلومات المراجع